Social Concerns Notes – January 2016

Claims of police abuse will be dealt with

Post Courier, December 30, 2015

FIVE hundred police officers have been served with serious disciplinary offence charges between 2007 and 2013. All have been dismissed from the force, police chief of operations Jim Andrews said yesterday, amid growing complaints of police brutality. More than 1700 disciplinary cases were investigated in this same period and 350 of these cases were dismissed due to lack of evidence.

As a result of these investigations and type of evidence collected, 240 members of the constabulary were demoted. Mr Andrews said 700 of these cases were classified as minor disciplinary offences which attracted fines against police personnel who were implicated. “The figures were contained in a report submitted to this office by the constabulary’s internal affairs directorate.” All allegations of police abuses, including those reported and sensationalised through social media, have and will be thoroughly investigated and officers implicated will be dealt with, revealed the police chief of operations.


Turi: 39 city cops suspended

The National, Monday January 4th, 2016

THIRTY-nine police officers facing 89 charges have been suspended in the past three months, National Capital District Police Metropolitan Superintendent Benjamin Turi says.  “We have a problem with police brutality in the force. All police brutality cases are taken care of,” he said.

“So far, 39 police officers are suspended and face 89 charges altogether. Those two who were arrested and charged last Thursday (for sex-related charges) make it 41. So results are coming out.

“One will be served his dismissal in the first week of this month and the other will be served afterwards. “The disciplinary charges are the same as a court fine.  “We have to go through each thoroughly, checking the law so that when they are dismissed and charged, they shouldn’t come back.”


‘Corruption is at all levels’

The National, Monday January 4th, 2016

Deputy Prime Minister Leo Dion warned that corruption was deep-rooted in all levels of Papua New Guinea society and would undermine efforts of future generations. In his New Year’s message, Dion said the biggest challenge facing the country was corruption. “Despite the commendable efforts by our law enforcement agencies, corruption is a cross-cutting issue that requires a consolidated effort from all sectors of the community, including ordinary citizens who are the ultimate beneficiaries of goods and services,” he said. “It is even more concerning that today, corruption is much more evident and systematic than ever before. “This trend is being propagated by greed through corrupt means and envy for greater power and authority. “Today institutions of governance are allegedly being used by outside forces to collude with custodians of these institutions who are entrusted as public servants to legitimise corruption through decisions of convenience riddled with bias and conflict of interests.”


Commonwealth report on 2012 election

As Papua New Guinea heads into the 2017 elections, it is timely to read the report by the Commonwealth Observer Group on the 2012 national elections (url above).  It gives citizens an idea of what to expect in 18 months. The Group that visited PNG at the time slammed the conduct of the 2012 national elections, saying “serious concerns need to be addressed for the future.”

The Group chairman, Hon Nipake Edward Natapei, MP, of Vanuatu, reported that “significant challenges remain to achieve the efficient and effective management of elections to ensure maximum franchise for citizens, appropriate and consistent electoral practices for the exercise of that franchise, and a strong culture of democracy throughout the country.”

For report, see,


Policewoman arrested . . . for forcing a young woman to swallow condoms

Post Courier, January 11, 2016

A POLICEWOMAN is behind bars for her part in a video showing police officers forcing a young woman to swallow condoms. Constable Jacklyn Tanda has been charged with deprivation of liberty and abuse of office after the victim, Evangeline Aitsi, 21, from Kairuku, Central Province, identified her on Saturday. Police Commissioner Gari Baki said two male officers were also identified but one escaped to Nipa, Southern Highlands, but he will be brought to Port Moresby to face charges. Mr Baki said at a news conference yesterday that the police investigators should be commended for their efforts in arresting Tanda. He added that this will be the “Year of Discipline for the Police Force.”

On December 4, Tanda and two policemen were at the Boroko Police Station, between 6.30am and 9am when Evangeline John Aitsi was brought in for questioning after being found allegedly in possession of marijuana. Ms Aitsi was taken to the interview room and told to empty her string bag and wallet which revealed seven male condoms. One of the policeman forced Ms Aitsi to swallow two condoms. She was also ordered to chew the third condom but she refused. She was asked as to how she performed sexual acts and told to demonstrate in their presence. Tanda allegedly took a video footage of the victim and laughed at her while she was teased and threatened by the other two.

Ms Aitsi was not arrested and charged for the alleged offence of being in possession of marijuana.


Appoint Ombudsman Commissioner boss, Polye urges

Post Courier, December 31,2015, 01:03 am

DELAYING the appointment of the Chief Ombudsman for almost a year is worrying, the Opposition Leader said yesterday. Don Polye is calling on Prime Minister Peter O’Neill, who is the ex officio chairman of the appointment committee, to convene a meeting immediately in January to appoint the Chief Ombudsman. “If the Chief Ombudsman’s position has been vacant for some months again, the systems of governance, transparency and accountability will continue to be at stake,” he said in a statement. He said the Chief Ombudsman’s position has been vacant since January 6, 2015.

The appointment committee comprises Prime Minister O’Neill, Opposition Leader Polye, Chief Justice Sir Salamo Injia, parliamentary appointments committee chairman Philip Undialu and Public Service Commission chairman Philip Kereme.


From economic boom to crisis management in PNG

2 January 2016 by Author: Paul Flanagan, ANU

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a land of contrasts. 2015 started with the prospect of PNG having the highest GDP growth rate in the world at over 21 per cent. It finished in crisis management and cash shortages. PNG proudly celebrated its 40th anniversary of independence, hosted a successful yet expensive Pacific Games and its prime minister strode the world and regional stage. But the 2016 Budget, rushed through Parliament in November given a looming vote of no-confidence, introduced even more extensive expenditure cuts than Greece has endured. Extensive currency controls are hurting businesses and undermining growth. Local businesses are facing major drops in sales and most believe the outlook will not improve in 2016. Newspaper stories report shortages of government cash. Funding is not being paid to urgent medical programs, there are uncertainties as to whether public servants will be paid, teacher entitlements are being deferred and superannuation contributions are not being deposited. A sovereign bond was the planned solution to these cash flow problems but it has been put on hold until the middle of 2016, reportedly due to a lack of market interest. The new PNG LNG project is functioning better than planned and LNG export volumes are booming. This should have been an opportunity for PNG to improve its international credit rating. However both Moody’s and Standard and Poor’s have moved PNG onto a negative watch list. So what has gone so wrong?

See the report in the url above.


Poor financial management in PNG: can it be turned around?

By David Fellows and John Leonardo on January 12, 2016

Poor financial management in PNG: can it be turned around?

The latest Papua New Guinea (PNG) Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) assessment completed in August last year has been published. Scores for the various public financial management (PFM) performance indicators (PIs) were determined using both a new, so-called “testing” methodology and the existing 2011 methodology. Details of the scores are available in this spreadsheet [xls]

Papua New Guinea’s overall score ranks 21 out of the 24 countries. (Details are available here [xls].) Only Congo Republic, Antigua and Barbuda and Guinea-Bissau recorded lower overall scores than Papua New Guinea. PNG is also one of the poorest countries rated, but its overall performance is weaker than some even poorer, developing countries.


Aggregate PEFA scores for 24 countries

What is also disturbing is the suggestion that financial management in PNG has worsened. Two earlier PEFA exercises have been carried out for PNG, in 2005 and 2009. While these have not been released, we know from the ADB’s Country Operations Business Plan 2015-2017 that in 2009 32 per cent of PIs scored an A or a B. The fall from 32 per cent to 18 per cent suggests a major deterioration in public financial management in PNG.


Govt’s climate policy lauded

The National, Monday January 4th, 2016

THE Climate Compatible Development Policy developed by the Office of Climate Change and Development is very powerful for the country, according to Environment, Conservation and Climate Change Minister John Pundari. Pundari said it was time the country developed climate-smart policies to capture the impacts of climate change in development plans to ensure that infrastructures built were climate-resilient. “Which means, you have a policy that will allow you to build bridges and infrastructures that are tough enough to withstand floods and extreme weather conditions,” he said.

“You have a policy in agriculture that will ensure and encourage investments in crop species that will withstand drought conditions. “Such policy encourages the cultivation food crops that will give you greater yields in extreme weather conditions, thus improving and increasing food security in the country.”


PNG contributing to climate change

Post Courier, January 15, 2016

PAPUA New Guinea is using two harmful gases that destroys the Ozone layer and contributes to climate change. The ozone layer sets high in the atmosphere and acts as a shield that protects living things including humans from deadly radiation produced by the sun. He said that the two ODS used here are hydro chlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and they are used mainly in Refrigerators and Air conditioners. “HCFCs are not natural gas but man-made chemicals made up of Hydrogen, Carbon, Chlorine and Florine, whereas CFCs are made from carbon, florine and chlorine. “These dangerous gases can cause destruction to the Ozone layers, mainly the stratospheric ozone, and bring disaster to all living things on earth,” he said.

“The general public also need to be aware that ultimately they can help control the trade in ODS when purchasing refrigerators and air conditioners. “Users of refrigerators and air conditioners must always check labels at the back of the equipment and find out what gas it uses,” he said.

Joku said the labels would show what refrigerant those items use such as; R22 (an ODS), R12 (a prohibited refrigerant ODS), R134 (a non-ODS but greenhouse gas), R410 (a non-ODS Greenhouse gas). R600 and R290 hydrocarbon refrigerants are so called natural and environmentally friendly refrigerants that do not destroy the ozone layer. For an article on this see,


Frost-resistant kaukau unveiled

The National, Tuesday January 5th, 2016

SOUTHERN Highlands people in high altitude areas whose food gardens have been affected by frost would soon have a mutated sweet potato variety that can withstand frost. National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI) revealed this in Ialibu during a workshop before New Year and named the cold tolerant mutated sweet potato as korowest. It was planted in Ialibu one month before the prolonged drought last year and it grew well.  This variety takes five months to mature.

The korowest sweet potato vines are grown at the NARI resource centre at Ialibu and have been distributed to local farmers. NARI agronomist Enopa Linday said people from Ialibu in Ialibu-Pangia district and Mogol in Mendi-Munihu district were hard hit by the prolonged drought last year and many were facing food shortage after their gardens were affected by frost. “The mutated sweet potato korowest would greatly help those affected in future climate disasters that occurring unexpectedly because of El Nino,” he said.


Subsistence food supply may continue

The National, Friday January 8th, 2016

SUBSISTENCE food supplies in drought-impacted areas are likely to be scarce for periods ranging from several months to one year despite the recent rain, according to an Australian National University report released yesterday. The report followed comprehensive assessment of the drought in 2015 and early 2016. “Useful rain has fallen in many parts of PNG in November and December 2015 and early January 2016,” the report said. “This has eased the water supply situation in most but not all locations. “Despite this rain, subsistence food supplies are likely to be scarce for periods ranging from several months to one year.” The report said this was because little rain had fallen in some locations, where frost destroyed all sweet potato crops at very high altitude locations, it would take up to a year before new plantings would bear.


Some points from the report by R.M. (Mike) Bourke, Bryant Allen and Michael Lowe



It is important to set priorities on the delivery of food aid. This is because of the very high cost of buying food and especially of delivering food and other aid to the remote communities who are suffering the most. A basic food aid ration is 400 grams of rice and 60 grams of tinned fish per person per day. This is less than the full ration recommended by UNICEF in PNG in 2015 and provides about 80% of the food energy intake for an active adult rural Papua New Guinean.The weight of such a ration is 4.6 tonnes per 10,000 people per day. It would require 3.5 loads in a Twin Otter aircraft to transport this volume per day for these 10,000 people. The cost of purchasing sufficient rice and tinned fish to feed this basic diet to 10,000 people for a 120 day period is K2.1 million, based on wholesale prices in main ports. However, the cost of transporting food to the remote locations increases these figures considerably, often more than doubling the cost. The current cost of transporting food in a chartered Twin Otter aircraft is K15,000 to K25,000 per tonne, depending on the distance of the trip. If, for example, it were determined that the highest priorities for food aid in January 2016 were in the following Rural LLG areas: Nomad and Morehead in Western Province; Kotidanga and Kaintiba in Gulf Province; Kandep and Wage in Enga Province and Makamaka in Milne Bay Province, the estimated population in these areas is 154,700. Hence the costs of purchasing a basic ration of rice and tinned fish to feed this population for a 120 day period would be about K33 million. The cost of transporting the food to these remote locations would increase this very considerably given the dependence on air transport in many places.


Another K2m For Drought Aid

The National, 11th January, 2016

Kandep district in Enga is spending another K2 million on relief supplies as more than 73,000 people there are still facing a food shortage. Effects of the drought and frost experienced last year are not over yet and food gardens may take another eight months before the people’s lives can return to normal.. “Frost and drought are over and we receive rain but it continues to come with hailstorms and destroys the leaves and vines of newly planted crops,” he said. Kunu said that worsened the situation in the district which resulted in many domestic animals dying of hunger. Mr Kunu said that so far they have brought in 12,600 bags of 20kg rice bags and stored them at four distribution centers at Kandep station, Yapum Catholic church, Mariant Catholic church and Lagalap Primary School. He said that as soon as another 8400 rice bags together with some containers of cooking oil and noodles were transported up from Mt Hagen any time this week, they would start distributing the food. He said the provincial disaster office assisted with 12,600 bags of 10kg bags of rice last December. He added that other than that they didn’t receive any assistance from outside.


See also: Politicising drought relief in Papua New Guinea

Colin Wiltshire & Thiago Cintra Oppermann

Dev Policy Blog


Applied Forensic Accounting – Experiences from the PNG Financial Intelligence Unit.

The disparity between the cost of living and salaries, coupled with family or wantok obligations, appears to place many public servants in a situation where the temptation to engage in corrupt behavior to supplement income is likely to far outweigh any individual considerations of integrity.

The Fraud Triangle suggests there are three factors likely to be present in every situation of fraud:

 Motive (or pressure) – the need for committing fraud (need for money, etc.);

 Rationalisation – the mindset of the fraudster that justifies them to commit fraud; and

 Opportunity – the situation that enables fraud to occur (often when internal controls are weak or non-existent). Wolfe and Hermanson (2004) add to the triangle a fourth element, that being Capability – the necessary traits and abilities to commit the fraud. An examination of the circumstances of many Papua New Guinean public servants shows that many of them are in situations where at least the first three factors are present – low relative wages and family pressures providing the motive for fraud. A rationalisation that “everyone else is doing it‟ or “if I don’t take it someone else will”, and lax governance, poor oversight and a less than diligent banking sector providing ample opportunity.


Concerns raised over sexual perpetrators

Post Courier, January 07, 2016

INCREASING concerns have been raised over lack of prosecution for sexually related crimes.

Morobe family sexual violence action committee member Nelly McLay raised concerns saying there have been many instances where sexual offenders have not been dealt with accordingly. Australian Federal Police officer Robert Holst said one of the main reasons is that most cases of such nature heavily depend on evidence provided by victims. “Courts often rely on the victim’s statements, medical reports and eye witness accounts to deal with the perpetrator. “When one’s report is not properly documented and eyewitnesses provide evidences that are not substantial or they refuse to turn up in court these results in the perpetrator going free,” Mr Holst said. Public Prosecutor’s victims liaison officer Leonie Miroi also added that another reason for lack of prosecution is the system of compensation paid by the perpetrator to the victims family. “It would be considered unfair on the victim’s part for his or her family to receive compensation payments from the accused. “The innocence and dignity of a victim is often taken away when one encounters sexual abuse and this is something that families need to understand,” Ms Miroi said. She said that the families of victims of sexual abuse must reject compensation because it is most inappropriate considering the seriousness of the offence. “When compensation takes place the perpetrator walks free and there is a likely chance of him or her committing the crime again,” Ms Miroi said.


Our great negativity: The belief that we cannot do it ourselves

7 January 2016 Martyn Namrong

IF we are truly honest to ourselves, we will admit that growing up and living in Papua New Guinea is a negative experience. As children, we were told that there was once a perfect world that Adam and Eve screwed up sending us all to eternal damnation. We were told to repent, which we did and continue to do, and then forever ask forgiveness because we are horrible sinners. Then we grew up a bit and went to school and our teachers scolded us and called us “dumb-dumbs”. We felt dumb anyway as we watched from a distance as our peers collected end of year prizes; the rest of us being told that we’d go back to our villages and plant kaukau that the smart kids would buy from us.

Then we grew up and realised it was all a lie.

Now we’re miserable because the engineer and the economist struggle to find accommodation at Morata settlement whilst the buai seller who didn’t go to school owns a trade store and a PMV bus.

In addition, if our colleagues at work reckon we’re smart, they plot against us to stop us becoming more successful. We also find that hard work isn’t rewarded unless we have connections.

I have travelled the length and breadth of this country and everyone keeps telling me that they are the “back page” of PNG, the “last people”. But many of these “back page” communities have better road and water links than the truly remote people of Nomad or Wawoi Falls. Many are only a few hours away from a main centre compared to the number of days it takes for me to travel from Daru to my village. Why do they therefore perceive themselves as being backward?

Perhaps what I am describing is what is referred to by some as “structural violence.” Structural violence refers to types of economic, political, legal, religious and cultural arrangements that stop individuals, groups and societies from reaching their full potential. (For the rest of this interesting article by Martyn Namorong, see the url above.]


Crisis centre caters for trafficking cases

Post Courier, January 13, 2016

TRADING in women and children is real and one place that sees these abuses is a crisis centre for women and children at Haus Ruth, run by Port Moresby City Mission. The mission’s chief executive officer Pastor Ron Brown revealed yesterday when speaking of the services that Haus Ruth provides.

He said they not only accommodate women and children suffering from violence, but also offer a comprehensive package which includes counselling, medical treatment and legal help. He said Port Moresby City Mission started 23-years-ago taking care of young homeless men and later opened Haus Ruth. It started a farm at Mirigeda where troubled young men, including those who have been in and out of prison, undergo training to become useful members of society. Pr Brown said in future, the City Mission will be focusing more on women and children suffering from violence as statistics show that the problem is not going down. The Christian non-governmental organisation’s programs in Port Moresby have also been expanded to Lae and will be in Madang this year. “By the end of this year, we will be in Madang. We are focusing on women and children, young women who are victims of violence,’’ he said. “There is a high rate of trafficking of women and children. Statistics show that the problem is not going down. Women and even children are being sold into life of prostitution. We are passionate that more needs to be done.


TB spreading at ‘phenomenal rate’ while govt holds back funds

15 January 2016

A COMMUNICABLE disease expert says a drug-resistant form of tuberculosis on the Papua New Guinea island of Daru is spreading at a phenomenal rate. Western Province are battling to keep down the numbers of tuberculosis patients on Daru. Professor Brendan Crabb, from Australia’s Burnet Institute, says more than 160 of the 15,000 people on the island have been infected – a scale that hasn’t been seen before in PNG. Prof Crabb says environmental factors including poverty, a sub-optimal health system and poor housing and nutrition have contributed to its spread, but researchers are worried a unique superbug may have developed. “Traditionally drug-resistant strains of TB are considered to be less fit than the non-drug resistant forms – they’re poor growers and poor spreaders,” Prof Crabb said.

“The concern here is that may not be the case and we need to do some work to find out if there is indeed a superbug – a drug-resistant organism that’s spreading very well.”

Meanwhile, former prime minister Sir Mekere Morauta says money promised for the fight against tuberculosis must be made available. He says the national government and the Fly River provincial governments six months ago promised US$13 million dollars to fight TB in Western, Gulf and Central provinces but are yet to pay. He saids the TB problem in Daru is unprecedented and that the government should put the people first, not promote itself through showpiece events, such as the Pacific Games and APEC, and infrastructure projects like Paga Hill.


Witchcraft blamed for Cervical Cancer

Post Courier, January 19, 2016

PAPUA New Guineans in rural communities are blaming symptoms of cervical cancer on black magic and witchcraft. “As a result, these women don’t seek treatment at an early stage but rather leave it, then are rushed to the hospital only to be told that they have stage three or four cancer of the cervix. It is even more painful when told that it is not curable,” Ms Ruddaka said. That was the conclusion of a team from the Papua New Guinea Cancer Relief Society, which recently returned from a week-long awareness campaign targeting 13 villages and more than 1600 people in remote Morobe Patrol Post area in the Huon Gulf district. Their findings confirm the need for cancer awareness in rural communities in PNG, where most people are illiterate and do not have access to information on the dangers of communicable and non-communicable diseases. The Health Department’s nationwide awareness is from January 11 to 30 aimed at eliminating cervical cancer through HPV vaccination and screening.


Churches comment on sorcery existence

Post Courier, January 19, 2016

THERE have been shocking deaths, shocking responses, bewilderment, anger, revenge and fear in most traditional societies in Papua New Guinea. All this is because certain types of deaths are directly attributed to the dread powers or perceived control and influence of sorcery. Not one society is immune to the belief in sorcery and as much as it is intensely disliked, it still remains and plays a large part in trying to explain the supernatural and tragically blamed as the cause of death from normal diseases. Suspected sorcerers have been killed, maimed, publicly displayed naked, publicly burnt and all kinds of atrocities committed against them.

Dr Andrew Moutu, anthropologist and CEO of the National Museum, in a paper related to the Law reform on Custom and Underlying law said that sorcery is generally held as part of PNG’s culture, lying in religious belief systems. “It is practised or observed, revered or feared, despised or denied in various versions of customary practices,” Moutu said. Moutu said belief that its existence is not to advocate superstition, nor to descend into the slopes of irrationality, however, it summons metaphysical division of natural and supernatural, scientific and superstition and usually with a persistent search for the truth. “The quest for truth must, therefore, instruct our methods of criminalising sorcery and related incidents of violence and death stem from the belief of sorcery,” he said. Papua New Guinea United Church Bishop, Rev Vaburi Dabada even though admits the existence of sorcery in society, said that there is a greater power that we can rely on. “There is no source of power as great as the power from God,” Rev Vaburi said. He also said that as the gospel spreads and is understood and practised more and more in our day to day lives, we can overcome these other beliefs with our faith in God. “One reason why the world is in a mess is because we tend to worship and fear creation instead of worshipping and fearing the Creator,” Rev Vaburi said. The United Church Bishop explained that while the main objective of sorcery previously was to give healing and protection to an enclosed society, intermarriages had disintegrated such societies, which caused witchdoctors to lose their value and status in the society, thus changing their objective to harming people. Catholic Bishop Conference’s Fr Victor Roach said that the Church does not deny that the culture in Papua New Guinea believe in sorcery, however, it stands that scientific, medical and logical reasons in our age are able to explain such deaths.


Enga Police Commander Kakas adamant to find evidence in sorcery-related killings

Post Courier, January 19, 2016

THEY are vulnerable, defenceless, lonely, poor and helpless widows. Yet they are accused of wielding immense powers to kill, maim or make a person sick using sorcery. The plight of these women who are accused of practising sorcery is surreal in all contexts because they either survive the brutal ordeals they go through, or die as a result of the treatment they received under some of the most inhuman tortures known. Some are lucky and live when authorities come to their rescue or when churches intervene. Some later die as a result of the seriousness of their injuries.

Enga provincial police commander Acting Supt George Kakas is a non-believer in “sanguma” but since sorcery-related issues have become a trend in Enga, he has now set up an office to deal with all issues relating to it. One man assigned with the mammoth task of collecting and identifying suspects in sorcery cases is William Smith Kamefa. Kamefa is now going through each village trying to identify the men accused of torturing a woman with knives in her genital area, Kakas said. “In 2015, I dealt with issues where I brought in the accused and their accusers and questioned them on the case.

“In the end the accusers were unable to come up with any evidence and the ladies were saved,” Kakas said. Kakas described moments where he found himself rallying for the helpless accused. “One time a community accused a woman and her daughter of killing someone through sorcery.

The woman was strung up after being assaulted and the community had started a fire to burn her alive.

I received a text from a good Samaritan, who was at the scene and I arrived there in time and cut the woman loose. I turned to the crowd and asked them if they had evidence to produce that she had cut out the heart of the deceased. They couldn’t come up with the evidence and the lady is now residing in her in-law’s village. … Kakas said that it was time churches through rallies or services denounced sorcery and tell all church goers that those who believe in sorcery are only bringing in the devil.

“It is time churches played a big role in ensuring that sorcery be done away with in the province.”


PNG police examine torture of women accused of killing man with witchcraft

The circumstances around Max’s ‘death’ show the struggle Papua New Guinea authorities face against superstition-driven violence


Homeless children grow in numbers

Post Courier, January 20, 2016

As the traditional social network breaks down, the number of children fending for themselves on the streets of Port Moresby and other urban centers is expected to grow. Post Courier asked Director for Child Welfare Simon Yanis for his response to this statement, especially in relation to the children’s right to education and health services as enshrined  in the  United Nations  Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) which has been signed and ratified by the PNG Government. The CRC has also been integrated into PNG’s laws, including the Lukautim Pikinini Act. In response, Mr Yanis agreed that these children become the responsibility of the state when there is no one to care for them and also stated that  LPA caters for the service providers which means that the Government is obligated to provide funds to support organisations providing for these children, however, he said, funding has always been a problem. He also said the Government has a plan which is to coordinate what different organisations are doing. In the meantime, if there is any help that is forthcoming, it is from NGOs like Life PNG Care and WeCARe which is providing not just for children in street situation but other needy children such as the disabled and also vulnerable women, including paying school fees for their children.


The Mining Boom In Papua New Guinea Goes Boom


How PNG’s money politics plays out in the context of restricted funds and persistent legal challenges will help shape domestic politics in 2016. It could well be a turbulent year.

PNG politics after the boom is republished with permission from East Asia Forum ….


PNG ranked among highly-corrupt

The National, Thursday January 28th, 2016

THE country has been categorised as one of the world’s highly-corrupt countries, according to the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) figures, which ranked the country 139 out of 168 countries assessed last year. Transparency International board chairman Lawrence Stephens made that known in Port Moresby, saying that the CPI was based on a combination of data collected by 12 reputable organisations globally.  According to Stephens, the information on PNG was sourced from five surveys: Bertelsmann Foundation Transformation Index 2016, Political Risk Services International Country Guide 2015, World Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessment 2013, Economist Intelligence Unit Country Risk Rating 2015 and Global Insight Country Risk Ratings 2014.

“Depressing as the results of 2015 Corruption Perception Index are, they come with a challenge for ordinary citizens and people in positions of authority,” Stephens said.  New Zealand was ranked the least corrupt nation in the Asia Pacific region, chalking a CPI score of 88.


Rape cases in Hagen top list

The National, Friday January 29th, 2016

ALMOST half of the 449 cases recorded at the Well Women Clinic at the Mt Hagen referral hospital last year were rape cases. This was followed by 189 cases of physical assault, 31 sexual assault, three cases of denial of resources, and three of psychological abuse.  Sr Edith Namda from the Western Highlands Provincial Health Authority revealed these figures yesterday in a power point presentation during the graduation of 75 police officers who completed a two-week training on gender-based violence and psycho-social support. Namba said that according to the 2015 statistics from the Well Women Clinic, the most vulnerable age groups of rape victims belonged to the 15-18-year-old bracket.


Human Rights Watch World Report 2015: Papua New Guinea

Events of 2014

Despite Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) current extractives-led economic boom, an estimated 40 percent of the country lives in poverty. Pressing human rights issues include gender inequality, violence, corruption, and excessive use of force by police. Rates of family and sexual violence are among the highest in the world and perpetrators are rarely prosecuted.

In 2014, in a blow to rule of law and accountability, Prime Minister Peter O’Neill sacked key officials and disbanded the country’s main anti-corruption body.

Torture and Other Police Abuse

Physical and sexual abuse of detainees—including children—by police and paramilitary police units continues to be widespread. In March, a videotape surfaced of police officers surrounding and unleashing three dogs on a defenseless man. Police officials later condemned the abuse and said the incident was being investigated….

Violence and Discrimination against Women and Girls

PNG is one of the most dangerous places in the world to be a woman, with an estimated 70 percent of women experiencing rape or assault in their lifetime. While such acts have long been criminalized and domestic violence was specifically proscribed under the 2013 Family Protection Act, few perpetrators are brought to justice. Reports of violent mobs attacking individuals accused of “sorcery,” the victims mostly women and girls, continue to be reported. The instigators of such attacks rarely face justice, with few witnesses coming forward. In April, six people, including two children, were hacked to death when 500 men went on a sorcery hunt in Madang Province. Police arrested at least 180 suspects but police say they lack funds to complete investigations….

Disability Rights

People with disabilities in PNG are often unable to participate in community life, go to school, or work because of stigma and other barriers associated with disability. In many cases, people with disabilities are not able or allowed to leave their homes. Access to mental health care is limited, and traditional healers are the only option for many people with psychosocial disabilities.

Death Penalty

Following PNG’s 2013 expansion of the scope of crimes eligible for the death penalty and signaling its intention to resume executions, 14 prisoners were on death row at time of writing, but no executions had taken place. In March, UN expert Heyns urged PNG not to use the death penalty and pursue instead other measures including more effective policing of violent crimes.


In April, PNG’s Taskforce Sweep, a government anti-corruption initiative, successfully prosecuted prominent politician Paul Tiensten for misappropriating US$3.6 million in public funds. Tiensten was sentenced to nine years in jail. In June, following investigations by Taskforce Sweep, the PNG police fraud squad filed a warrant for the arrest of Prime Minister O’Neill for his alleged role in approving fraudulent payments from the PNG Finance Department to a Port Moresby law firm. O’Neill then sacked the attorney general and deputy police commissioner and ordered the disbandment of the taskforce.

Extractive industries         

Extractive industries are an important engine of PNG’s economic growth, but continue to give rise to serious human rights problems and environmental harm. Controversy raged around the alleged environmental impacts of the long-troubled Ok Tedi mine in 2014, and violent clashes erupted around the controversial Ramu Nickel project….

Key International actors   

Australia provided an additional $556.7 million this financial year to support the Manus Island detention center. Since 2013, Australia has transferred asylum seekers arriving irregularly by boat in Australian waters to PNG for refugee status determination. Those recognized as refugees are to be resettled in PNG or in a third country other than Australia. At time of writing, 1,084 men were detained on Manus Island and PNG immigration officials had completed 104 interim refugee determinations, 56 of which were positive. At this writing, the 10 refugees were to be released on temporary visas issued initially for a period of 12 months. In March, UN expert Heyns expressed regret that representatives of the private security firm G4S, which runs the detention center, were not available to meet him, and that he was refused access to the center and was unable to meet with asylum seekers.

At time of writing the report, the Australian government had deployed 73 Australian federal police officers to act as unarmed advisers to the Royal PNG Constabulary in Port Moresby and Lae to help combat high levels of violence in PNG.

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Social Concerns Notes – December 2015

Saying no to family violence

The National, Friday November 27th, 2015

THE district courts granted 1,182 interim protection orders to domestic violence survivors last year alone, as the Government works to improve the prosecution of offenders. Department of Justice and Attorney General acting deputy secretary Roselyn Gwaibo said family and sexual violence was a pervasive problem for many countries, “and PNG is no exception”.  “We all know of someone – a friend, a wantok or a colleague – who is regularly suffering from violence at home,” Gwaibo said.

“This cannot be acceptable. There is never any excuse for it and it is a terrible abuse.” She said a recent study showed 68 per cent of women employees experienced an average of eight gender-based violence incidents during the past year. “Family and sexual violence ruins lives. It permanently scares children and hinders their growth into responsible adults,” she said. “In multiple ways, family and sexual violence stops PNG from moving forward as a country.”

“We all have to do whatever we can to stop this cycle of violence repeating itself. This also means that the Government and NGOs must work together and play their part,” Gwaibo said. “The law is only ever going to be part of the answer. The Family Protection Act came into operation in 2014. Regulations under the act will be made shortly.” Police have established 14 family and sexual violence units around the country.


Concern as illegal booze in Bougainville triggers violence

23 December 2015

A BOUGAINVILLE women’s agency says there has been a surge in illicit alcohol use as Christmas approaches and more gender violence as a result. Helen Hakena, who runs the Leitana Nehan Women’s group in the autonomous province, says the illegal manufacture of homebrew seems worse than in previous years. She says she is particularly worried by the numbers of young people consuming the drink and the threat it poses to the peace process. “Living in the village I see so many women, families are brewing homebrew alcohol and that is easily accessible by young people,” Ms Hakena said. “Beginning around two weeks ago there was a lot of drinking, fighting and that is causing a lot of concern for us mothers. And gender based violence has increased as well.” Ms Hakena says attempts by police to try and curb the practice by stopping people from accessing yeast or by removing their gas bottles are easily got around. Previously, Bougainville vice president Patrick Nisira had exposed the rampant use of marijuana in the province. Mr Nisira said marijuana was the single biggest problem facing the province with up to 80% of people smoking it. Ms Hakena agreed and said, coupled with homebrew, marijuana was at the root of much of the domestic violence in the province.

Ms Hakena called for more effort to go into finding work opportunities for the province’s youth.


Watson: Churches do more

The National, Friday November 27th, 2015

GLOBAL leaders are realising that churches are doing more to address HIV than any other single organisation or group, according to UNAIDS country director Stuart Watson.

During a function by the PNG Christian Leaders Alliance on HIV/AIDS on Tuesday, Watson said PNG was part of the world that came together in September this year at the United Nations headquarters in New York to commit to sustainable development goals. He said for AIDS, the objective was to end the epidemic by 2030. This ambition stood on the foundation of an unprecedented public health and human rights response that had prevented 30 million HIV infections, and almost 16 million people accessing antiretroviral around the world.  “PNG has achieved the third highest rate of treatment initiation in the Asia-Pacific region, a remarkable achievement for the country, something that we should be proud of,” Watson said. He said the great achievement was through the contribution made by churches.


Lae mass burial

Post Courier, December 01,2015, 12:50 am

IF THERE is no respect for the dead and burial customs as deeply rooted in PNG customs, it is the latest mass burial of 50 unclaimed bodies from the Angau Memorial Hospital in Lae city, Morobe Province. This happened last Friday where the bodies of men, women and children were literally plucked out of the morgue and thrown into the back of a three-ton dump truck and transported away.

As in such burials no funeral rites were performed and many of the half-naked men, women and children were tossed out like common rubbish onto the truck on top of each other. Pictures of the huge pile of dead bodies are too graphic to be published but they comprise different levels of physical decay. They had been kept in the morgue for between 11–12 months without relatives and families making any attempt to remove them for proper burials. Due to lack of space, the hospital had approached the Lae City Authority for a mass burial to allow space for new bodies. The unclaimed bodies include 15 children and 35 adult men and women. “It is very sad but we have no option but to clear the morgue and make spaces for new bodies coming in,” Mr Kamen said.


POM Hospital morgue full

The National, Thursday December 3rd, 2015

FINANCIAL constraints may lead to the lack of space at the Port Moresby General Hospital morgue, a senior officer says. Dr Umesh Gupta, the executive director of clinical services, said they lacked funds to extend the morgue or build a new one. Last week, bodies were transferred to the morgue from a 20-foot container used as a reserve cooler after it developed mechanical problems. Bodies had to be stacked on top of each other in the morgue. It is understood that most of the bodies are awaiting relatives to take them away for burial. Senior morgue attendant Gideon Mati said the holding capacity was 150 at any one time. The number however had gone over 200, he said. Mati said a compartment which should have had only four bodies was now accommodating eight. “Some of the bodies have been here for months because of the lack of identification, while others are brought in and left at the mercy of the hospital,” Mati said. Director of medical services Dr David Mokela said the attitude of some people towards their deceased relatives had changed. “Our culture is known for respecting the dead and giving them a decent burial,” Mokela said. The hospital put out a public notice last Friday for relatives to collect the bodies within two weeks. Failure to do that would result in the bodies being taken to the 9-Mile Cemetery for a mass burial.


Those with HIV/AIDS need love: Bishop

Post Courier, December 01,2015, 12:48 am

CHRISTIANS in Papua New Guinea have been asked to treat those living with HIV and AIDS with love. Archbishop of Port Moresby Catholic Diocese, John Ribat, who is also the chairman of the PNG Christian Leaders Alliance on HIV and AIDS made the call yesterday in view of World AIDS Day today. He said followers of Jesus Christ must love their neighbours as he commanded and treat those with HIV and AIDS with respect. He said there must not be stigma and discrimination at health facilities and the church leaders and churches are encouraged to provide positive pastoral care to People Living with HIV/AIDS. “If we say we truly love God and if we find it difficult to love our neighbours than we definitely have a problem with our love for God. “Jesus told the story of the Good Samaritan and then said go and do the same yourself,” he said. “People and children who are living with HIV/AIDS are made vulnerable because of their status. “Therefore, if we say we love God than our love should have no boundaries,’’ he said. “It is a time to advocate and promote social justice for all irrespective of who we are, as all human beings are equal and deserve to be treated equally at their homes, communities, churches, and when accessing services such as health, education and legal justice,’’ he said.


32,000 living with HIV

The National, Tuesday December 1st, 2015

AN estimated 32,000 people are living with HIV in the country, although there are thousands others living with the virus but do not know it, an official says. As the nation celebrates World Aids Day today, Peter Bire, the director of the National AIDS Council secretariat, said the “incidence rate is decreasing or stabilising to around 2000 new cases per year”. “The national average adult prevalence rate is 0.65 per cent,” he said. “However, unfortunately, the prevalence rate is much higher in certain key or most-at-risk populations such as sex workers, men who have sex with men and transgenders, including those with TB and other sexually transmitted diseases.

One of the people living with HIV, Maura Elaripe, yesterday told of how she struggled with HIV for 18 years. Elaripe, 38, from Ihu district in Gulf, was diagnosed with HIV in 1997, when she was 18. She had graduated as a nurse and was into her first year of working when she contracted the disease.

“When I contracted the disease, there was no organisation, no policy or drugs to cater for that disease. There was nothing in place for HIV,” she said. She began in 2001 to come out and tell her story to help people understand the problem and to help those like her.


Church pleads for AIDS carriers

The National, Tuesday December 1st, 2015

THE Catholic Church is calling on citizens to think of people who have suffered discrimination and marginalisation because they are carrying the HIV virus. In a statement to mark World Aids Day today, the church said families of HIV-positive people who had suffered with them and the people who had taken care of them and grieved for them should be acknowledged. “We must always remember those people who have humbly but determinedly advocated for the dignity of people living with HIV through compassionate care and support,” the statement said. The church said in spite of a slow start, the country’s response to HIV had been impressive. “The response is a wonderful example of what can be achieved when people work together,” he said. The church has trained health workers, created community education programmes and set up counselling and testing centres.


I am a Survivor. Bid to stop spread of HIV/AIDS

Post Courier, December 08,2015, 12:25 am

AT 32, Carol Kamen has lived almost half of her life with HIV, and says she lived long because of taking the antiretroviral drugs and the support she has from her family and community. She says she was an example of stories of ‘sugar daddies’ where she begun having sex with older man when she was at primary school, and at the age of 18 when she was doing grade 11 she went for an HIV test which revealed that she was HIV. By that time, she had many sexual partners and it was difficult to know from whom she had contracted the virus. Ms Kamen told her story during the celebration of the World AIDS Day in Port Moresby last week on December 1. She had a plaster on her nose which she says was from a beating she got from her husband a week before the World AIDS Day celebrations because she made a decision to give her testimony in public. She said she was not ashamed to speak because it could help other young people and also this is her way of help prevent the spread of HIV to the next generation, saying “I would not want to see my child go through it’’. Her three-year-old daughter is a big healthy girl and is HIV negative just like her father for which Ms Kamen is proud, saying this is due to the HIV treatment and encouraged people to go for HIV test so that if they test positive they will go on treatment and live longer. “Please get to know your status. VCT is free. I’ve been living with HIV for 16 years. I take ARV it is free,’’ she said. Don’t be shamed. If you have the family and community support you will be strong.’’ Mrs Kamen said contrary to what she thought, she had not experienced stigma and discrimination since she revealed her status.


More violence victims at Care Centre

26 November 2015

MORE than five hundred violence victims in Solomon Islands are being housed at the Christian Care Centre (CCC) outside Honiara.This was confirmed by Director of the Centre Sr. Ruth Hope on Wednesday. “The majority of these figures are women, girls and children victimized from the gender-based violence,” Sr Hope said. She added that this is the highest ever recorded since the Centre was set established. “These victims came to the Centre seeking for help and we take care of them,” Sr Hope said. She added that the Centre remains humble to accommodate such victims. “There are some wrong interpretations that this Centre is for devoting families but thats not the intention. The intention is to stop violence against women in this country,” she said.


Mob kills ‘sorcery’ mother

The National, Tuesday December 8th, 2015

A MOTHER of five accused of practising sorcery allegedly resulting in the recent death of a health officer has been killed, police say. Southern Highlands police commander Superintendent Sibron Papoto said the body of Susan Rote Dickson was cut up and thrown in a fire. He said Dickson was accused of causing the death – through sorcery – of district health officer Elizah Lisa. Dickson was from Turile village near the Kagua district headquarters. Papoto said Lisa’s Miruba tribesmen from Yane, Porane and Mukiri villages apprehended Dickson on November 28, after the funeral of Lisa.

He said they tortured her with knives before cutting up her body and throwing the pieces into a fire.

He said police and health workers managed to retrieve some of her body parts and buried them.

Papoto said the Miruba tribesmen also torched 29 houses, killed two cows and slaughtered pigs belonging to Dickson’s relatives at Turile village. Papoto condemned the act as barbaric and promised that all those involved would face justice. He said two men were jailed by the National Court in Mendi for 21 years each for killing a woman they accused of practising sorcery in 2013 at Kumbiyane village in East Pangia.


Version of incident received by Commission for Social Concerns of CBC

Susan lived at Tulire, not far from the Government Station in Kagua. Susan was married with 4 sons. She was a prayerful person, a member of the Lutheran Renewal Church. She looked after a “prayer house.” Susan’s cousin Elijah was sick. She went to pray with him and washed his swollen legs. A few days later his illness worsened and he was taken to Mt Hagen hospital, where he died. Rumours started to go around that Susan was the cause of Elijah’s death (through sorcery). After all she had been close to him, washing him and so on. His clansmen were threatening to attack her clanspeople When Susan heard about this she asked her husband’s brother to take her to her accusers. Her accusers demanded of her, “You must have known something about the death of Elijah, so tell us.” She replied that she knew nothing. When pressed she said that she believed in God and that her hands were clean – she was innocent.

They took her away and started torturing her. They cut her ears, stripped her naked, put a rope around her neck and dragged her along the road. While being dragged like that she called to a boy named Oku who was leading the interrogation, “Why have you done this. My hands are clean.” She was dragged to a place where they prepared a fire. They placed her on car tyres, poured petrol over her and around the tyres and lit a match. While burning to death she could be heard sayin, “Oku, Oku, why are you doing this to me. In God’s name my hands are clean. I am innocent.” Eventually people took any remaining parts of her body and burned it all to dust.


HIV treatment program doing well

Post Courier, December 02,2015, 01:52 am

Papua New Guinea is doing well in its treatment program for HIV/AIDS although the targets for its other programs are below 50 per cent. National AIDS Council Secretariat senior monitoring and evaluation officer Agnes Gege said. “Most of our targets are still below 50 per cent, except for the treatment program which is almost 90 per cent,’’ she said. She said the national adult HIV prevalence rate is 0.65 per cent with an estimated number of 32,000 living with HIV/AIDS. The accumulative figure since the virus was detected in 1987 is 60,000. Of which, 24,000 have already died. Also, as of the end of June, 2015, a total of 20,032 PLHIV were receiving antiretroviral therapy in accordance with the nationally approved treatment protocol or WHO standards.


Expenditure in PNG’s 2016 Budget – A Detailed Analysis By Paul Flanagan

PNG is a high-taxing and very high-spending country relative to its Asia Pacific peers. Most of any adjustment to the fiscal balance should therefore occur on the expenditure side. PNG is planning to do this with a drop in the expenditure to GDP ratio from the highest level ever, of 38.1% in 2013, to its lowest level ever, of 24.6% in 2020. PNG has never attempted such a fiscal consolidation – not even to recover from the fiscal crises of the 1990s. Putting this into an international perspective, PNG is seeking to adjust government expenditure by 13.5% of the economy. This is more than double the government expenditure reductions undertaken by Greece of 6.3% (from 51.4% of GDP in 2010 to 45.1% of GDP in 2015). Of course, PNG is not facing a Greek-style fiscal crisis (at the start of its crisis Greece had a broadly similar deficit of 11%, but a much higher public debt level of 170% of GDP), but it is planning a similar or more draconian response. PNG is seeking real expenditure cuts of 23%, and Greece of 16%, in the peak expenditure cutting period (for PNG, from the 2015 budget to the 2017 forward estimates, for Greece, from 2011 to 2013). In nominal price terms the cuts are similar (15% each), but Greece has a lower inflation rate. In fact, this more detailed analysis indicates that PNG has gone down a path of tougher cuts than Greece, even though its fiscal problems are not as severe. This comparison is made to highlight the extent of expenditure adjustment contained in the 2016 budget. The magnitude of such cuts is not realistic, credible or desirable, especially when one looks at how they have been made.


In the midst of all of these cuts at the sectoral level, there are concerns when looking at even greater detail. This is most clearly illustrated by noting that the government is still committed to hosting the APEC meeting in PNG in 2018 at a cost of K3 billion (figure contained in IMF Article IV report). This is more than the $US1 billion in extra debt planned through the sovereign bond. It contrasts to insufficient funding for preparations for the 2017 election (only K10m relative to the out-going Electoral Commissioner’s planned K170m, with another K600m hoped for in 2017), road maintenance, drought relief and the halving of support for the well-respected church health partnerships.

Overall assessment

This budget was always going to be challenging. The 2015 budget reflected hopes that the largest deficits in PNG’s history could be wound back through revenues from the PNG LNG project. The fall in LNG and other commodity prices undermined that hope. The 2015 Supplementary Budget and the 2016 budget commence a possible path to recovery. However, there are significant issues with the path chosen due to missed revenue opportunities, a lack of transparency on issues such as public debt levels and SOEs, and excessive expenditure reductions. It is the latter that is of particular concern. The planned 60% reductions in the economic sector, and 45% reductions to the health, education and infrastructure sectors simply do not seem credible in the context of an election next year, and they are not desirable either. More modest expenditure cuts, better prioritisation, and revenue reforms would have been a better alternative.

[The full article can be accesses at the url above]


Job market opens to refugees

Post Courier, December 08, 2015

EMPLOYMENT for refugees is now a reality following the waiver of the strict protocols requiring mainly work permits and certain restrictions primarily targeting foreigners. They will not need to apply for work permits as foreigners. All they need now is to obtain their visas and certificate of identity and all will be well in the job market. PNG Immigration and Citizenship Services Authority acting deputy chief migration officer Clarence Parisau revealed, saying the Government had waived certain restrictions hindering the process required to integrate the refugees into the employment market. “The National Government waived off and exempted all refugees from applying for work permits as foreigners as of last year. “This means that all refugees including those on Manus Island can apply for jobs just like any other ordinary citizen of PNG,” he said. He said in the past the normal protocols hindered refugees from attaining employment opportunities. Mr Parisau said the Government has removed the citizenship application fee of K10,000 for each refugee. “After a refugee has lived in PNG for eight years and over and has met certain requirements they are welcome to apply for citizenship for free. “This makes it even easier for refugees to contribute towards various economical activities to sustain themselves financially,” he said.


PNG ranked most corrupt

Post Courier, December 10, 2015

PAPUA New Guinea is ranked 145 out of 174 countries perceived to have high levels of public sector corruption in the world. This was revealed by Transparency International Papua New Guinea yesterday on World Anti-Corruption Day. “From the month of March to December, 2015, 687 individual witnesses and victims have laid complaints with the TIPNG on corrupt activities in the country. “A total of 288 complaints were also made by informal groups, private sector, non-profit organisations with the results yet to be identified,” program manager for advocacy and legal advice centre Leilani Ose said. She said out of the 875 complaints from witnesses and victims of corruption in, a very big number of complaints were on lack of transparency, conflict of interest, mismanagement of public funds and bribery. Ms Ose stressed that most witnesses and victims complained about land issues like logging and landowners difficulties, banking and finance, and police. “We need to fight strongly and break the chain of corruption in our country, what belongs to the people is rightfully theirs.


Street Ministry celebrates Christmas

Post Courier, December 10, 2015

THE Journey to celebrate this Christmas must be a joyful one and it was indeed a joyous event for the Children of Street Ministry in Port Moresby yesterday. Though they are labeled street children, they proved themselves to be talented and special during the closing of the school year and the Christmas celebration at the St Joseph’s Parish community hall. Founder of the ministry, Archbishop John Ribat encouraged the children and reminded them that they are special gifts from God and must be part of the journey to celebrating Christmas. “As we focus on Christmas, let us focus on our families, communities and our nation and let us be united in preparing ourselves for the celebrations of Christmas. “Because it is about celebrating Jesus coming into our hearts and lives,” he said. The event saw children from the ASAC and the Laki Guzup Skul who come from Rabiagini, Vadavada, Ranugiri and Erima settlements, which are squatter quarters on the outskirts of the city, perform Christmas dramas, dance and yoga. Archbishop Ribat said the aim of establishing the ministry was to help educate the unfortunate children. “I’m joyful that this ministry is fruitful and has grown from 2010. These children normally wander the streets begging, stealing, or help park vehicles to earn themselves a bit of cash and most are looked down in the society,” he said. The office of street ministry conducts literacy programs, teach basic literacy and numeracy skills to the children, and help them re-enter the education system of the country. Besides literacy, the ministry also teaches socialisation skills, problem solving, anger management among others.


Powerful documentary screens at city cinema

Post Courier, December 11, 2015

A POWERFUL film on gender based violence in Papua New Guinea with a national campaign aimed at bringing a solution will soon be screened throughout the country. Titled Senisim Pasin (Change your Ways), the inaugural screening of the documentary was on a big screen at the Paradise Cinema at Vision City on Wednesday, on the eve of the International Human Rights Day. Produced by Papua New Guinea Tribal Foundation with the help of Global Virtual Studio, the 43-minute film is in Tok Pisin and of a Hollywood quality and was shown to a selected group of people before it will be screened throughout the country. The documentary includes a short preview of the Senisim Pasin national campaign and a call to action where the audience was invited to be part of the change or solution to the problem of violence in PNG, including making a pledge. President of PNG Tribal Foundation Gary Bustin said PNG has tough laws and the Senisim Pasin film and campaign, produced over two years and cost about K1 million, should jump start the process towards implementation of the laws. The funding from the project came from both the Porgera Remediation Framework Association and the government under its national strategy for responsible sustainable development project when Senisim Pasin was adopted as part of the national strategy. “Senisim Pasin” highlights the value women add to society by telling the stories of women who overcame obstacles and who have accomplishments.


Teachers irked over 30pc leave fare cuts

Post Courier, December 15, 2015,

TEACHERS in the National Capital District have been forced to cancel their holidays this year because their leave fares have been cut by 30 per cent. Not only that but they are facing more cuts on top of the 30 per cent imposed by a so-called leave fares committee set up within the NCD education services division. This means all their families and themselves will spend the holidays in the city and not with their relatives and loved ones back in their tranquil homes, towns, villages and provinces as planned. Their anger is directed at the division which they said unilaterally imposed the extra cuts for unexplained reasons. They are only aware of the initial 30 per cent cut announced last month by the Teaching Services Commission due to critical cash shortages.


Youth group help reduce crime rate

Post Courier, December 15,2015, 01:54 am

VISITORS travelling into and out of Madang are now able to do so more freely. This is because of a group of youth who have taken it on themselves over the past nine months to ensure the place is trouble free. Dubbed “The Airport Crime Prevention Unit,” or ACPU, the group which started out with just a handful has grown to more than 70 individuals. From dawn when the first plane leaves to dusk to the final lift off, they have faithfully patrolled the area to keep it crime-free. Up until March this year, the airport road has been plagued with crimes of all sorts. Stoning of vehicles, armed hold-ups and breaking and entering were a norm in the province. The last business house to be hit was the helicopter firm, Heli-Niugini. Tired of the bad image that has been painted by minority groups, the youth decided to get together and do something positive. Thus, the ACPU was born and with the help of Heli-Niugini and local authorities.


Big loss of life in early pregnancy: Doctor

The National, Thursday December 17th, 2015

EACH year 15,000 women die as a direct result of either pregnancy or child birth in PNG, it has been revealed. Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies (HMHB) research programme manager Dr Michelle Hendel said PNG had one of the highest rates of maternal and new-born mortality in the world.

“And 5000 babies don’t make it through their first month of life,” Dr Hendel said.  She said a recent review by the Health Department and World Health Organisation (WHO) identified that up to 98 percent of those maternal lives could be saved through swifter access to quality healthcare.


‘PNG has highest number of adolescents with HIV’

Post Courier, December 18, 2015

PAPUA New Guinea is among 10 countries which account for 98 per cent of adolescents aged 10-19 living with HIV in the Asia-Pacific. These countries are: Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. A recent report by UNICEF states among countries where data is available, Papua New Guinea and the Philippines have the highest proportion of adolescents living with HIV, accounting for almost 10 per cent of total people living with HIV in each country. The report describes the region is facing a “hidden epidemic” of HIV among adolescents an estimated 50,000 new HIV infections among adolescents aged 15-19 in 2014, accounting for 15 per cent of new infections. There are now around 220,000 adolescents living with HIV in the region, with large cities like Bangkok, Hanoi and Jakarta hubs of new infections.


A victim of domestic violence shows her head wound patched up with tape in a women’s shelter in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

When the UN introduced the millennium development goals (MDGs) in 2000, its third pledge – to promote gender equality and empower women – promised to herald worldwide reform. But 15 years later, and with 67% of women in the country suffering domestic abuse, progress in Papua New Guinea has been far slower than hoped. [For the full article, see the url above]


El Niño cuts its ugly swathe & PNG bears the brunt

17 December 2015ño-warning-bells-deafening-png-bears-the-brunt.html

Around 4.7 million people face hunger, poverty and disease across the Pacific alone due to El Niño-related droughts, erratic rains and frosts. Globally, 18 million people are already in need of assistance.

The case for urgent action is outlined in a new Oxfam report, Early Action on Super Charged El Niño Vital to Save Lives. Oxfam New Zealand’s Pacific humanitarian manager Carlos Calderon said governments in at-risk countries are learning from slow responses to past crises and must aim to scale-up early action now, with the support of the international community, to prevent the weather event sparking major humanitarian crises. “The last major El Niño in 1997-1998 caused widespread loss of life, damage, displacement and disease outbreaks in many parts of the world, and this year’s El Niño is expected to be even more severe,” Calderon said. Papua New Guinea is bearing the brunt of El Niño in the Pacific region, with the country’s National Disaster Committee reporting that up to three million people are at risk as crop failures force many people to cut back to eating just one meal a day.

People are walking for hours to find water and face increased risk of disease due to poor hygiene.

“The warning bells are deafening. We must act now to save lives and prevent people falling further into poverty,” Calderon said.


Call to help drought areas

The National, Friday December 18th, 2015

THERE is a need to focus funding on the most remote and critically affected drought areas in the country as the people there are struggling to get assistance with food, water and medical supplies due to limited access, an agriculturalist said. Michael Bourke, while presenting a report on the impact of frost and drought in Papua New Guinea, outlined the impact on food which resulted in the increase consumption of rice and unusual food such as wild yams, banana corms and green pawpaw.  He said that due to the severe drought, theft from gardens and use of savings to buy food was increasing as those who were adversely affected resorted to such activities to help themselves and their families.

While focusing on the rural areas affected by the drought, Bourke said that not only caused school closures and widespread bushfires that damaged houses and gardens but migration to other rural or urban locations. He said priority need was in remote locations where the impact of the drought was the worst because villagers in those places had low cash income, limited market access, no road access and limited capacity to influence aid.

He said cost of transporting food other aid to these locations was high. Bourke compared the 1997 drought with the current one, saying that social media and mobile phones improved information flow and with the improvement to some roads, aid could be delivered to some remote areas, but many remote roads and airstrips were no longer usable, resulting in most aid yet to reach those areas.

Bourke urged the Government, stakeholders, and other agencies to assist with funding for resources and logistics so that the severely drought stricken areas in the remote parts of the country could be assisted


Article on frost and dry season


The three political economies of electoral quality in Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea

By Terence Wood on December 7, 2015

Download pdf


Is the free education policy really helping the young generation?

Post Courier, December 01, 2015 By Lorna Paul (DWU Journalism student)

A lot of leaders have been raising concerns about where to put the increasing number of grade twelve leavers in the country as an outcome of the free education policy. The people of the country are enjoying the luxury of sending their kids to school for free but they don’t know that the number of spaces in the lower education level is not equivalent to the available spaces in the tertiary institutions. This could be the main course for the increasing number of young people on the streets. Anti-corruption Taskforce Sweep chairman Sam Koim said at a graduation ceremony that this is the biggest challenge faced by the country today. He said that in 5-10 years’ time there will be a lot of young educated citizens but they will have nothing to do. He said that labor is a very important factor in the country but Papua New Guinea is making use of cheap labor.” The country must make sure that it utilizes the labor of young people. The young population has more energy and if the country does not put its labor to use it can be destructive”, said Mr Koim. He also said that with this policy, quality education is being over looked for quantity.” Since leaders do not send their kids to the secondary schools in the country or go to the our general hospitals when they are sick they do not know what is really happening, they choose the best for their kids in other countries  “, he said.

The bottom line is, is the free education policy developing the country or is it mess recruiting young drop outs on the streets?


What are exams good for? Primary and secondary school exam reform in PNG

By Anthony Swan on December 15, 2015

What are exams good for? This question cuts to the heart of a debate occurring in Papua New Guinea on how students should be assessed as they progress through primary and secondary school. Currently all students at the end of primary school (grade 8) and lower secondary school (grade 10) are required to sit an externally administered nationwide exam. However, as PNG prepares to release a new five-year National Education Plan, these national exams are set to be phased out over the next six years from 2016 and replaced by “internal school assessment systems”. Unless new national exams are introduced, such as NAPLAN in Australia, the only national examination will be for students at the end of high school (grade 12). The main reason being communicated to the public for the change is to remove constraints on students progressing from primary to secondary school and into year 12. As reported [pdf] by the PNG Department of Education, “Each year around 100,000 students are pushed out of the education system as a direct result of these examinations”. The problem is that the grade 8 and 10 results are used by provincial administrations to select students into secondary schools. The “pushed out” students are those that fail to meet the minimum cut-off grade in these exams.


…The challenge for education reformers is to invest in both school infrastructure and teachers to facilitate access to school, as well as to ensure that time spent at school by students is not just leading to “empty learning”. National, standardised and externally based examinations allow for independent and transparent measures of student learning outcomes, which are crucial for raising the quality of education. That’s what exams are good for.


O’Neill puts squeeze on B’ville as he seeks to buy Panguna mine

23 December 2015

IN a letter seen by PNG Attitude, Bougainville president John Momis has told the managing director of Rio Tinto he is concerned the Papua New Guinea government is positioning to buy Rio’s 53.83% equity in Bougainville Copper (BCL). Dr Momis advised Sam Walsh this information was conveyed to him early in December by two PNG government ministers. One of them, Ben Micah, let Dr Momis know that, following a series of meetings with Rio Tinto, PNG wished to purchase Rio’s equity and is seeking the agreement of the Autonomous Bougainville Government for the deal. Dr Momis wrote to Mr Walsh that, in earlier meetings with Rio Tinto in July, he had been assured “in the clearest terms” that the company had not yet finalised a review of its stake in BCL and that there was no agreement between Rio Tinto and the PNG government about a sale of equity. Dr Momis sought Mr Walsh’s “urgent assurance that, if Rio has decided to divest, it will enter into discussions with my government about the consequences of such a decision.”

Meanwhile Dr Momis – in a speech to the Bougainville parliament yesterday – said the PNG government has been ignoring the requirements of the Bougainville Peace Agreement and its chronic underpayment of grants and taxes has left the ABG’s budget in very poor shape.

He said that, if the matter was not resolved by February, the ABG will take the PNG government to the Supreme Court. One commentator on Bougainville affairs told PNG Attitude that “it seems strange that in a situation where PNG is in deep fiscal crisis, it proposes to spend US$100 million on shares in BCL, but at the same time claims it cannot meet its constitutional obligations to fund the Bougainville government.”


Hospital theft on the rise (Honiara)

Published: 18 December 2015

Latest victim loses laptop, cash. HEALTH authorities are working on beefing up security around the National Referral Hospital (NRH) premises in light of the increasing incidents of theft in there.

Victim Timothy Magusi told the Solomon Star he spent the night in the Children’s ward taking care of a family member who was admitted. “At around 2 am, my eyes were so sleepy that I decided to doze off using my bag as a pillow,” he said. However, Mr Magusi said when he woke up after a three-hour sleep; he noticed the bag he used as a pillow had gone missing from his head. “My bag contains a laptop, three flash drives, one mobile phone, a wallet with $800 cash, a bank card, and school identification card,” he said. “When I realised my bag had been stolen, I rushed over to the security guards and alerted them about it, but they could do nothing because they don’t know who the thief is,” Mr Magusi said. Over the past months, people looking after sick relatives at the hospital have complained of valuables being stolen while they were fast asleep.


Another Sorcery Accusation Killing in Enga

(From a private source)

A school inspector from Enga Province who was working in Chuave in Simbu Province died. His body was brought back to Enga (Pipi) to be buried. This was in November 2015. His wife Lucy, who is from Wapenamanda in Enga accompanied the body of her husband. At the funeral the wife was accused of “sanguma” (witchcraft) and of having caused the death of her husband. After all she had been living in Simbu, which Enga people think of as the “home” of sanguma witchcraft. People locked the woman in a house and tried to set fire to the house so as to burn her. But the house did not catch fire. So they locked her in the house and threw the key into the river. She is the mother of four children, two boys and two girls. One son supported the people in getting rid of his mother. The other was opposed to them killing his mother. They kept a close eye on him to make sure he did not rescue her. She was left locked in the house with no food or water. She could be heard crying inside the house. After about 14 days the crying ceased and a day later there was a bad smell coming from the house – they say ike the smell of a dead dog. Presuming that she had died, people opened the house, took the body, and disposed of it in the high forest away from the village.

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Social Concerns Notes – November 2015

Brave Simbu woman stands up for others

Post Courier, November 27, 2015

Mrs Josephine Durua has won the Bravery and Courage award of the CPL Pride of Papua New Guinea Awards for Women. When receiving the award at the Parliament State Function Room last Thursday, along with the other five awardees, the Chimbu woman used the opportunity to do more advocacy on this issue by drumming it to her listeners that false accusations of women of witchcraft and sorcery must stop. She lives and works in Morata in Port Moresby, a Moresby Northwest suburb that was at one stage notorious for criminal activities. Apart from being the court magistrate, Mrs Durua has gone an extra-mile by voluntarily being engaged as a counsellor to women who have become victims of physical and sexual abuse at the hands of their husbands. Despite her position in the community, she was accused of practising sorcery and witchcraft by a female pastor in 2001. She said she was shocked when she learned why her own immediate family, including her children were mistreating her. She lived with stigma and was often assaulted with bush knives and axes (aside from countless threats) by her own husband and his relatives. In 2001, she took the pastor to District Court at downtown Port Moresby which ruled in her favour. Despite these challenges, Mrs Durua continues to serve the Morata community. She is currently the Morata Village Court Magistrate. Apart from her court duties, she continues to assist women who suffer from various forms of violence.


Health yet to be free

The National, Wednesday November 18th, 2015

THE Government’s free primary health care policy is yet to be realised by the people, a parliamentary committee has been told. The parliamentary committee on public sector reform and service delivery chaired by Goroka MP Bire Kimisopa has been hearing submissions from officials on issues they face in the delivery of health services. The hearing ends today with top Health Department officials meeting the committee members. Sister-in-charge of the Malahang health centre in Lae, Daisy Basa, told the committee yesterday that the centre continued to charge sick people fees in order to keep the facility operating. The clinic was allocated K12,500 in 2013, all of which had been exhausted. It is yet to receive its allocation from the 2014 and 2015 national budgets. Western province health officials who appeared before the committee on Monday shared similar concerns on the lack of funding to effectively implement health programme.


Madang inmates share experiences to inspire public

Post Courier, November 20, 2015

Inmates of Madang’s Beon jail have started sharing their experiences in public as part of an outreach program aimed at making Madang safe again. The initiative, which has been orchestrated by the Prison Fellowship Care Group of Beon, started last week and is planned to run for another three weeks. The program will have convicted persons currently serving time at Beon going out to public areas and trouble hotspots to share their stories on what led them to prison and what prison life has been like for them. According to chairman of the Prison Fellowship Madang Care Martin Hawek, the group visited Gum and Jomba Primary School yesterday after having brief public sharing sessions at the markets and populated areas around Madang. Mr Hawek, who has been with the prison fellowship for the past fifteen years, said that students and teachers were significantly moved as they listened to the testimonies of some of the most notorious criminals in Madang. “All in attendance at our sessions were very attentive and seemed impacted when we were leaving. “I know that a life change is not something that happens overnight, but in allowing some of the criminal elements of the town to see their so-called elders who are serving time, they are given an opportunity to change their ways and make possible healthy choices.”


Refugee policy endorsed

The National, Monday October 26th, 2015

CABINET has endorsed a national refugee policy, according to Minister for Foreign Affairs and Immigration Rimbink Pato. “Papua New Guinea has a proud tradition of helping people in need,” he said. “This policy affirms our humanitarian values and our strong regional leadership.”

The five key principles are that PNG recognises the rights of refugees in accordance with its commitments under the 1951 Convention on the status of refugees and related 1967 protocol, and the principles of this policy and incorporates these within national legislation. That PNG is committed to working with other countries and international organisations to provide protection to refugees and combat people smuggling, trafficking in persons and related transitional crime. That PNG may enter into arrangements with other countries or international organisations for processing asylum seekers’ claims and where appropriate settlement of refugees. He said the policy covered all refugees in the country, including those from Indonesia’s Papua province and non-Melanesian refugees who either arrived independently or were transferred under arrangements with Australia.


Vision-impaired Emmanuel Simon has completed his big test

25 October 2015


AS Grade 12 students throughout Papua New Guinea prepare for their national examinations, vision-impaired Emmanuel Simon from Rosary Secondary School, Kondiu, is comfortably in tune with all of them. Emmanuel and Clency Amos, both of whom are vision impaired, were enrolled for the first time into the formal education system last year – Clency in Year 9 and Emmanuel in Year 11. At Rosary Secondary School, the subject teachers rose to the challenge of adapting their teaching-learning strategies to accommodate the two students. Mingende Callan Services engaged a full time staffer specialising in Braille to adjust the tests and assignments for each subject. It was an interesting year for the subject teachers and the two special needs students. The striking characteristics found in these vision-impaired students have been their patient and perseverance.

Clency and Emmanuel have lived up to the motto, “Don’t look at my disability; look at my ability.”


Call to end sorcery violence

Post Courier, October 29, 2015

THE United States has come out clearly against sorcery-related violence, US Ambassador Walter North said yesterday in Mendi, Southern Highlands Province, at a sorcery-related violence forum.

Mr North, was also in the province to recognise the many courageous heroes who raised their voices to challenge sorcery violence. The US Embassy has called on the provincial police authorities to investigate and prosecute those responsible for the senseless acts of brutal violence inflicted on three women and one man in Mendi, highlighted in the Post-Courier anti-sorcery campaign last week.

The US had also called for appropriate resources and attention to be dedicated to addressing these crimes. “Too often this sort of violence goes unreported and occurs without the perpetrators being held accountable,” the embassy said in a statement. “Adequate and timely response by the police and judicial system is needed to deter future crimes and hold perpetrators responsible for their actions.


Students jailed for sorcery related killing

Post Courier, October 28, 2015

A grade 12 student in one of the Secondary schools in the Southern Highlands and his accomplice involved in the torture and killing of a suspected sorcerer have been sentenced to 42 years in total.

Southern Highlands provincial police commander Superintendent Sibro Papoto said the National Court in Mendi recently convicted the two men to 21 years each for murdering a man and burning his home after suspecting him as a sorcerer. He said as a result of quick police action to apprehend and charge the two offenders, the court was able to impose the penalty on the two men, signaling a greater warning to those involved in sorcery related violence like torture and killings. Superintendent Papoto said in relations to the recent torture of three people at Wau, Kumin and Kave, near Mendi town that police managed to rescue the victims but they would not arrest any suspect as the entire community is concealing all the information from police. He said it is making the work of police more difficult because the victims and community even cannot come forward to give evidence or even register their complaints. Mr Papoto said another sorcery related victim was also rescued by police from more torture but the victim had gone into hiding and is not cooperating with police to provide evidence.

He said another suspected victim was also rescued at Pokrapul village in the Imbongu district.

“ I commend my policemen who have tried under all difficult circumstances to assist the suspects but its it’s the entire community involved in torturing and hiding all information, making it so difficult, “he said. He said it need a collective approach involving the police, courts, churches and the civil societies to address such issues through awareness and education.


Address sorcery related violence now, says North

Post Courier November 04, 2015

THE United States Ambassador Walter North said PNG cannot wait 100 years to address sorcery related violence. Speaking last week during the sorcery accusation related violence forum in Mendi, organised by the Catholic Diocese of Mendi and Tari, the US envoy said Papua New Guinea cannot wait 100 years to be delivered of the burden of belief in sorcery. “I choose to see the voices that challenge. I hear the voices of those Catholic sisters and others who risk injury to stop the violence. I stand in awe of the men and women in villages that care for victims. “I cherish the courage of those victims who share their stories. I applaud the men and women, working daily to end the violence in this country. These voices will not be silenced. They inspire and challenge us not to give up, not to lose hope and not to surrender to despair.”

Ambassador North said he has every confidence that their energy and their dedication, day in and day out, can transform PNG from “the land of the unexpected” into a nation where expectations of human dignity and lives free of violence are met. He said he had been in PNG for nearly three years and has found a strong foundation of reason empathy and self-control in many Papua New Guineans that he has met. “Channelling those positives into a reduction and elimination of sorcery related violence is imperative. In this regard, I fully endorse the Prime Minister’s acknowledgement that citizens and the Government have to work closer to communities… to change attitudes so we can stamp this out.

“To parapharase former President Bill Clinton, ‘there is nothing wrong with [PNG] that can’t be fixed with what is right in [PNG],” the US Ambassador said.


Warning on sorcery killing

The National, November 4th, 2015

TORTURING and killing people accused of sorcery is a criminal offence, lawyer Miranda Forsyth says. She has expertise in criminal law in the Pacific Islands, especially Vanuatu. She said there was no defence for someone who believed that a person tortured was a sanguma. Speaking to stakeholders at Kumin in Southern Highlands, she said sorcery-related killings were prevalent in the province.

She said the courts in the past 20 years had not accepted the excuse of Sanguma as a mitigating factor during sentencing. “The courts have been saying these cases are really serious and we want to stop them from happening so we will give serious penalties,” she said.  “So some cases people have been given penalties of 50 years imprisonment. But the problem with this law at the moment is its implementation. “We hear that people are afraid to lodge complaints or be witnesses in fear of retaliation. It handicaps the work of the police,” she said. She said the Sorcery Act 1971 was rarely used. “People should go to village courts if someone is accused of witchcraft or sanguma as they still have the jurisdiction to deal with sorcery cases,” she said. “In their regulations there is reference to a number of offences such as practising or pretending to practise sorcery, threatening another person with sorcery practised by another, possessing implement used to practised sorcery and paying or offering to pay a person to perform the act of sorcery. These are all provisions that were the Village Court Act 1974.” It is about time people’s mindset  should change and accept the fact that there are natural causes of death.


Bilum Industry Sustainable

Post-Courier, 30 October, 2015

Most of the times when men sell coffee and get their earnings, a small portion of this is given to the families and they get to keep the rest which usually does not last. Women on the other hand tend to keep the family together through the selling of their garden produce and since women in that particular region are known for their different styles of bilums, they sell that to earn money for the family which actually keeps them going. Ms Kamel said: “I am very thankful to take up the training which BEPA has facilitated to help us understand things such as colour theory, cataloguing and measurement. “Those were some of the things that I have been aiming for in this industry so that I would be able to train other women who are in my group to weave something that will be sold to meet expected demands from our clients both locally and internationally.” Ms Kamel said that, at the moment, women weave to sell at the local market to earn a kina that will actually sustain their family. And with what little knowledge that she has and has passed on to those women, she has helped them very much in getting most of their children in school. Today, if by chance you go to Goroka you will see that almost all of these women have their children in school while they concentrate on doing their sales for the sustainability of their families.


El Nino Hits Highlands Worse, Depletes Food Supplies

The National, 27 October

Farmers and people generally in the drought-affected Highlands region have less than two months before their livelihood worsens, says Simbu Governor Noah Kool. Kool said the El Nino issue was getting more serious and all stakeholders including the Government must put more emphasis on it as people’s lives were at stake with the depletion of food and water resources. Kool was part of a delegation from five highlands provincial governments that were in Port Moresby to get drought relief help from Kumul Petroleum Holdings. “The rivers are drying up and the people are starting to feel the effects. There is limited food available but in another two months the people will really suffer and people are likely to die, and that’s the seriousness of the drought in the provinces. We are looking for ways to equip ourselves so we can in turn help our own people,” Kool said. Enga Governor Sir Peter Ipatas when sharing Kool’s concern said the National Government should look at asking other countries for assistance. “We have been struggling and we have been asking the Government to see this as a very serious problem.


Kiloe: mining, curse and blessing

Solomon Star, 31 October 2015

CHOISEUL premier Jackson Kiloe says mining development in the country can be a curse or a blessing depending on how we do it. Premier Kiloe highlighted this at the national mining forum this week. “Whether its procedures are done thoroughly or inaccurate, this determines its outcome sooner or later with more dealings ahead,” said the Choiseul premier. He also expressed grave concern on how people consider money more important than the natural environment and resources as people with ignorant attitude foresee nothing in front but the dollar sign. “This is happening in every due process known and those responsible knew that very well, yet decide to go down the path of money matters more than life in the environment. “It is our call, for those who knew it’s wrong to go back home and inform the rural people of such self-fish attitude minded people,” Mr Kiloe stated. He noted the ignorant practice as such leading to even forgetting those rightful resource and landowners in negotiations. “There is more to life than just money. “People and the natural environment must be considered in any decisions around mining development,” he said. He urged mining forum participants to go home and share their new skills and knowledge so that our people can make wise decisions for their natural resources.


Papua New Guinea: Prosecute Domestic Violence
Women Often Ignored, Left Without Services, Pushed to Reconcile With Attacker
(Sydney, November 4, 2015) – Women and girls in Papua New Guinea are enduring brutal attacks from their partners, as government officials neglect survivors’ needs for safety, services, and justice, Human Rights Watch said in a new report released today. Critical interventions for survivors, including protection measures and access to shelters, are not readily accessible or not available at all as a result of enforcement failures.
A 59-page report, “Bashed Up: Family Violence in Papua New Guinea,” documents systemic failures in how the government responds to domestic violence – failures which often leave women unprotected and subject to ongoing violence, even when they have gone to great lengths to seek help and justice.
Human Rights Watch research shows that police and prosecutors rarely pursue criminal charges against perpetrators, even in the most serious cases. Police often demand money from victims before they will act or simply ignore cases occurring in rural areas. Police appear reluctant to refer survivors for protection orders, and survivors who seek protection orders frequently encounter delays in the courts. These failures occur even in specialized family violence police units. ….
A network of activists across the country, many of them survivors of family violence themselves, have worked tirelessly both to assist individual victims and press the government for reform. The passage of the 2013 Family Protection Act is largely due to their efforts.
“Bashed Up: Family Violence in Papua New Guinea” is available at:
For more Human Rights Watch reporting on women’s rights, please visit:
For more Human Rights Watch reporting on Papua New Guinea, please visit:

Selected Testimonies
“I went to the police 17 times. I went every week for the last month. They said this is a domestic problem. They just told my husband not to do it again. I brought my husband to the police station and the police said, ‘You have so many kids – you should go back and not do this again.’ I wanted them to put him in jail for one or two years. So far I have two bones broken,” she said. “It’s very hard for me to find food for the kids and send them to school.”
–Jenella, age 39, mother of seven children, has gone back to her husband
“They arrested him and sent us both to counseling with the sergeant of the [specialized police unit]. We met twice. Nothing happened. My husband continued bashing me. In the presence of the police he agreed to stop, but in the home there was no change. He was hitting me between counseling sessions. I told the police he was still hitting me. They warned him that they would take him to court if he didn’t stop. I asked the police to help me get a protection order. They said they were too busy.”
–Kere, age 18, married for two years, mother of one child

“I decided to go back to him because of the children. He raped me again. He locked me in a room on Thursday and Friday. Then I managed to get away. I want to take him to court and get him kept away. I’m going to find a job and get my own home so I can get my children back. I want to stay away from my husband.”
–Grace, age 44, mother of seven children, staying in a safe house at the time of the interview

“I went to the police three times in 2012 and once in 2013. The first three times, the police just called my husband [he is a police officer himself]. They took a complaint the fourth time, but never arrested him. After that I thought, I can’t get help. I was just helpless. I even went to his supervisor and asked them to take his weapon. At times I just feel, gosh, that’s the end of the world for me.”
–Alice, age 38, mother of four children
Post-mortem as preventative medicine in Papua New Guinea: a case in point

In 2012 the author was working in Ok Tedi Hospital, Tabubil, a remote mining town in the Star Mountains of PNG. The area is notable for a recent rise in sorcery-related violence and murders since 2009. In March 2012 a family from a nearby village requested a post-mortem following a relative’s sudden death. They clearly stated that violence and killings against suspected perpetrators of sorcery had occurred due to a similar sudden death only a year before. As such they were concerned that the nature of their relative’s death would rouse suspicions of sorcery and result in violence. The family hoped that a medical explanation of their relative’s death would prevent rumours of sorcery developing and reduce the risk of violence against suspected perpetrators of sorcery.

Lessons learned: The post-mortem, led by a consultant surgeon and performed in Ok Tedi Hospital, Tabubil, concluded that death was due to complications from an acute myocardial infarction. As requested these results were presented at the funeral to a congregation of approximately 80 people. Following the funeral presentation the author received feedback that fears of sorcery had been alleviated and during a 2-week follow-up period no related violence against suspected perpetrators of sorcery was observed. This case is a unique and intriguing example of biomedical and sociocultural integration in the Highlands of PNG.


Health Worker Delivers Babies Using Torch

The National, 2nd November, 2015

A community health worker has told of how he delivered 21 babies during the night by using a torch. Wesley Atama, a community health worker serving in the remote Tsewi aid post in the Kome local level government, Menyamya, Morobe, said it was difficult to run an aid post in a remote area.  Atama said in 2013, he delivered 10 babies in the night using a torch. Last year, he delivered five babies at night. This year, he has so far delivered six babies in the dark. “When mothers come to me, I help them to deliver their babies because this is the only aid post in the area,” Atama said. He said there were cases of mothers dying because of birth complications. “We do not have a generator, solar-power or electricity supply. The aid post is run down and needs to be maintained. We carry our medical supplies and walk for a whole day from where the nearest road is,” Atama said .The Tsewi aid post, built in the 1970s, serves about 3000 people and 600 families. Atama and colleague Joshua Peter, who retired last Friday, serve up to 230 people daily. We cannot be operating like this to deliver using torces, here are people living and they deserve better health services than this run down aid post that we are operating to help them,”


Cop charged with rape

The National, Monday November 9th, 2015

A POLICE officer has been charged with the sexual assault on a female detainee at the Mendi police station in Southern Highlands. The policeman allegedly opened the cell and took the married woman out on the night of Oct 18 and raped her on the corridor of the female and male cell blocks. Provincial police commander Superintendent Sibron Papato told The National that the officer, who was on duty from 4pm to12am, promised to buy some food for the woman and took her out.


Businessman arrested. Involved in human trafficking

A CHIMBU businessman has been arrested and charged with human trafficking, deprivation of liberty and sexual penetration. The case involved 10 Boera villagers – eight girls and two boys – who were taken against their will to Chimbu Province in July as hired agents for a newly opened inn. They were returned to Port Moresby this week and back to their village, west of the capital. Police in the meantime arrested businessman Willie Gare, who owns Waghi Inn, and charged him with the three offences. Police said the young Motuans were allegedly held against their will and some subjected to sexual abuse and also used as entertainers for the inn patrons. Highlands Western Command Divisional Commander Teddy Tei said yesterday that the girls, between 16 and 20-years-old were allegedly flown to Lae on July 13 and driven to Chimbu where they allegedly entertained customers for the lodge’s opening dinner. According to the police yesterday, Mr Gare had promised to send them back but kept them for another two weeks, and then he never sent them back. After two months one of the girl’s and the boys escaped and reported the matter to the Salvation Army in Kundiawa, which assisted them to report the matter to police.


PNG’s 2016 emergency budget: the good, the bad and the unknown 10 November 2015

Last week the PNG government released its budget for 2016, taking extreme measures to move expenditure back in line with dramatically reduced revenue. The good news is this budget has staved off a full-blown cash flow and macroeconomic crisis. The bad news is the government avoided many hard choices, making deep cuts to core services while protecting big-ticket items. See url above for the full article.]


Abel: PNG can apply UN set goals

Post Courier, November 13, 2015

PAPUA New Guinea is confident of implementing the new Sustainable Development Goals set by the United Nations, says National Planning and Monitoring Minister Charles Abel. Mr Abel told the recent celebration of the UN’s 70th anniversary that despite the failure of the Millennium Development Goals, much has been learnt from them. “The 17 SDGs are fundamental to the scrutiny, shape, structure, pillars, and programs of PNG’s poverty reduction efforts and the expenditure priorities implemented through the nation’s Medium Term Development Plan (MTDP) for 2016-17 and subsequent MTDPs,” he said. “PNG will ensure resources are available to implement the new SDGs as the current government is now more than ever conscious of its responsibilities.

“The Government of the day has invested significantly in sub national levels where frameworks were put in place to ensure these investments at those levels deliver results and bring about lasting and sustainable impact in PNG.” in the lives of all citizens,” Mr Abel said.

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals set to end poverty by next 15 years period include No poverty; zero hunger; good health and well-being; quality education; gender equality; clean water and sanitation; affordable and clean energy; decent work and economic growth; industry, innovation and infrastructure; reduced inequalities; sustainable cities and communities; responsible consumption and production; climate action; concern and protect life below water; protect and restore life on land; peace, justice and strong institutions; and partnerships for the goals.


Bougainville outlines plans as move to referendum accelerates


BOUGAINVILLE vice-president Patrick Nisira has announced further consultation plans for the autonomous region’s forthcoming referendum on independence.

Mr Nisira, speaking in his capacity as referendum minister, said consultations are continuing with civil war veterans in South, Central and North Bougainville as a precursor to a workshop for parliamentarians next Monday. “The purpose of this workshop will be to formulate a common position on the date of the referendum, the choices available – including the option of independence, a code of conduct for the referendum and the steps Bougainville will needs to take after the referendum,” Mr Nisira said. He stated these were important issues that needed to involve all Bougainville leaders.

“All elected leaders are called upon to provide leadership in each constituency to prepare Bougainville for the referendum, its successful conduct and the peaceful transition to the next stage,” he said.

Mr Nisira also announced that the Autonomous Bougainville Government (ABG) will open a Mekamui office within the Bougainville administration to assist with the completion of reconciliation, unification and weapons disposal. The previous self-styled Mekamui government recently agreed to join forces with the ABG.


Children at risk, report says

The National, Tuesday November 17th, 2015

A REPORT from a survey conducted on street children in Port Moresby city shows that over 90 per cent of those interviewed were boys and less than 5 per cent were girls. It further revealed that over 50 per cent of the 101 interviewees’ parents originated from the Southern region, 29 per cent from Central and 25 per cent from Gulf. The parents of the other 46 per cent were from the Highlands provinces of Chimbu, Enga, Southern Highlands and Eastern Highlands, followed by a few from Mamose and New Guinea Islands.

According to the report findings, 16 per cent were categorised as most vulnerable children; their quality of life and ability to fulfil their potential was most affected by extreme deprivation and violations of their lives and often they lived in catastrophic situations and relationships.

The second category were neglected children (17 per cent) who were deprived of their basic needs by adult caretakers that had the means to provide for needs such as health, education and safe living conditions. The third category was children from poor households (43 per cent) whose parents or caregivers cannot afford to give their children their basic needs. The fourth group was those that faced a combination of unique social economic situations (24 per cent). Over 60 per cent of the street children come from 6 Mile, Konedobu and Gabutu/Sabama settlement areas. The children were found mainly selling items on the streets, begging and conducting traffic. Among children identified were those with special needs as well as those with sores and cuts to their bodies and needed medical help.


Koim: Real development will bring change

Post Courier, November 18, 2015

ANTI-CORRUPTION Investigation Taskforce Sweep chairman Sam Koim says Papua New Guinea needs real development to change the welfare and well-being of its people. Mr Koim told the people of Dei district in Western Highlands Province that while mothers and children cross rivers, climb mountains and walk through jungles to get medical help, their leaders are enjoying the bright lights of the cities, pretending that everybody is enjoying the same life they have. He said development falls into two categories – “rent seeking projects” and “real development. “Real development and rent seeking projects are two different things. Real development has the overall effect of improving poverty and raising the welfare and well-being of the entire country. But rent seeking projects are selected ‘white elephant’ projects in selected locations to extract economic rents for the benefit of a few individuals and corporations. These grand projects look impressive and that’s all they do – impress,” Mr Koim said. He said the country needs real development and not rent seeking projects built to impress the few individuals who will benefit from it. Mr Koim said rent seeking projects are taking place everywhere in the country where the Government spends millions of kina to impress and not addressing the real issues that are affecting them daily.


PNG in no rush to crack down on Asian logging giants

Post Courier, November 17, 2015

Story courtesy of ABC Radio Australia. Papua New Guinea’s government has indicated it will allow intensive logging under the pretext of agricultural development to continue. Logging to clear land for agricultural use has allowed Asian companies to seize vast reserves of customary land under 99-year Special Agricultural Business Leases, or SABLs. Landholders and civil society groups have strongly criticised the leases, and the government has been promising to act on them for more than two years. But Rick Jacobsen from environmental monitoring group Global Witness said export data showed that this type of logging has expanded. “PNG’s log exports have greatly increased over the last few years because of logging under SABLs,” Mr Jacobsen said. “PNG is the largest tropical log exporter in the world, that trade is estimated to be worth $400 million a year and the country has, to date, demonstrated little capacity to oversee its forestry sector.” The SABLs sidestep the lengthy process to obtain a Forestry Management Agreement, which is normally needed to log an area, and instead allow land to be cleared for agricultural development. The companies are then able to sell the timber, which is usually far more lucrative than the proceeds of an agricultural venture.


Big Push For Legal Adoption Of Children

The National, 18th November, 2015

Adoption of children in PNG should be made legally through the courts to prevent child abuse, violence against children and resolve inheritance issues. Deputy Chief Magistrate Dessie Magaru told community policing officers in Kokopo when addressing a juvenile victim and witness workshop that many families in PNG continued to adopt children outside legal processes. That exposed children to risk of abuse, violence, trafficking and inheritance issues. Magaru said it was important for families intending to adopt a child to apply through the Family Courts. She said the legal adoption process ensured a child was protected from being victimised.

She said many adopted children in PNG had been affected during marriage break ups of families they were adopted into. However, she said that the law under the new LukautimPikinini Act outlined that adopted children in such situations were now entitled to maintenance from either parent.  “Mothers who desert their husbands and children can be taken to court and sued for maintenance of the children.”


Moresby South Sees Increase In TB Cases

Post Courier 18 November, 2015

The number of tuberculosis cases treated by a clinic in Moresby South has increased rapidly in the past three years, a doctor revealed yesterday. Dr Patrick Koliwan said the Kaugere Health Centre treated 267 TB cases in 2013, 347 cases last year and 400 cases so far this year. He said that while TB is a concern in provinces like Western, Gulf and Northern, it should be a cause for alarm in Port Moresby because those who have contracted TB are either not seeking treatment or not completing treatment. Dr Koliwan said that in 2013, Kaugere was seeing about 22 cases a month, in 2014 it was treating 29 cases a month and this year the figure has jumped to about 40 cases a month. “It is more serious than first thought, predicting that it will increase rapidly by 2016 and I’m sure the other clinics will also give their own increasing number of cases. The main problem is that people are not completing their daily TB treatment which lasts for six months. When you stop your treatment, the TB bacteria become resistant to all other medications and they are no longer effective,” he said.


Women march against homebrew: we will not suffer silently

20 November 2015

AFTER a Sunday service in October, the board of management of the local Haisi school in south Bougainville called for a public forum. To the surprise and dismay of parents, the head teacher announced that classes at the mission school were to be suspended. There was uproar and people demanded an explanation, especially since Grade 8 examinations were imminent. The head teacher said the previous night, while the Grade 8 students were at study, a group of drunken men from nearby villages entered school premises. When a Board member asked the drunks to leave, one ran at him with a long grass knife. Fortunately the Board member leapt aside and the blade struck a wall.

Many women then voiced their concern and fear of drunks roaming freely in the community and along the roadsides. They told how alcohol had an evil grip on the majority of able-bodied men in their families.After a lengthy discussion, three major resolutions were agreed by the majority of those present. Firstly, those involved in the Saturday night incident were to be interviewed, reprimanded and fined K50 each by the village chief. Secondly, other men who previously had been on the mission grounds under the influence of alcohol, whether creating a disturbance or otherwise, would be identified by their respective Village Authority Chiefs. They would be charged a certain amount to prevent the most recent culprits alleging that previous offenders have been let off lightly.

Finally, the women at that forum agreed to stage a peaceful march to places where jungle juice is brewed. There were three known locations and the date was set for the next day.

[For the rest of this story, see the url above]


Health system broken: Kimisopa

Post Courier, November 24, 2015

THE health system is “broken”, according to a hearing held last week in Port Moresby by special parliamentary committee on public sector reform and service delivery. The committee chairman Goroka MP Bire Kimisopa defined “broken” as any system that does not deliver outcomes that are acceptable. Mr Kimisopa said the health system demonstrably fails to deliver an acceptable standard of health care to the people. He said the committee also noted that there is no constant supply of basic drugs to public hospitals. It gave Port Moresby General Hospital as an example where a total of K5.4 million was spent on supply of drugs and consumables by the end of October but these purchased items were not available in the medical stores. The expenditure represented 20 per cent of the hospital’s operational budget. Mr Kimisopa said there is not a constant supply of required drugs to health centres and aid posts. “The 100 per cent kit sent out by the Health Department do supply items not required and items that are required are not available. “Moreover additional kits sent out on a regular basis when not required,” he said. Mr Kimisopa said this leads to stockpiles of unused surpluses and unwanted materials. …


Maternal Health In Papua New Guinea

By Georgia Eccles, The Diplomat Magazine

Limited public healthcare and misinformation have given PNG the highest maternal mortality rate in the Asia-Pacific. The maternal mortality rate (MMR) in Australia is 1 in 10 000. In Singapore, it is 1 in 8000. In nearby Papua New Guinea, the lifetime risk of a mother dying during pregnancy remains 1 in 20. With some of the worst maternal mortality statistics in the world on Asia’s doorstep, and with the target year for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) approaching, the time has come for the Asia-Pacific region to critically reflect on how to respond to consistently dire statistics with an effective coordinated response that aligns with the SDG agenda. Since 2000, the fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG) has sought to improve maternal health through a) a reduction by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, of the maternal mortality rate as well as b) universal access to reproductive healthcare by 2015. Globally, improvements were made over this period, with a halving of the global MMR, a reduction in maternal health complications, as well as acknowledgement of the need for adequate maternal health education. Papua New Guinea has, however, defied the trend with one of the most consistently poor maternal and infant mortality rates in the Asia-Pacific. If Papua New Guinea’s MMR had achieved the MDG target reduction stipulated in Goal 5.a., then the MMR would have been 98 deaths per 100,000 live births. Instead, from 2008-2012, it sat at approximately 703 deaths per 100,000 live births. This number indicates a failure to adequately address the underlying local issues. Although it is a complex issue, the primary obstacles to reducing maternal mortality in Papua New Guinea include the inaccessibility of adequate maternal health care facilities and the lack of sociocultural awareness of the difficulties women endure during pregnancy and childbirth. One of the most devastating facts about MMRs is that the majority of deaths can be prevented. ….


Govt fails to deliver K40 million for TB

Post Courier, November 23, 2015

TUBERCULOSIS is fast spreading but it has yet to be given the attention it needs by the National Government, an international conference was told yesterday. National Emergency Taskforce on TB chair Dr Paison Dakulala said the emergency plan was for 12 months which had lapsed but the funding support for K40 million was not given even though it was approved by the Government.

Of this amount, K17.7 million for South Fly/Daru in Western Province was to have come from tax from Ok Tedi mine but is now locked due to an ongoing court battle. The conference heard that Daru Island still has high rates of multi-drug resistant TB and drug-resistant TB although a lot of progress has been made to control the spread, with donor funding support, mostly from the Australian Government. Dr Dakulala’s team has decided to extend the emergency plan for the next 12 months and is calling on the Government to release the K40 million to implement its plan.


New kidnapping trend in Pom

Post Courier, November 25,2015, 08:00 am

The new kidnapping trend of young children on roadsides or busy markets has raised concern among Port Moresby City residents. Post-Courier found a 12 year old victim who managed to escape the captors. The boy, of Gulf and Manus, was walking down from his home at Konedobu Ranuguri community to his uncle’s market to get his father’s mobile phone when the incident happened. It was around 7 pm on Monday lastweek, when the young fellow was snatched off the footpath, near the Australian High Commission Residential brick wall, by a big man who put his hand over the boy’s mouth and dragged him into a 15 seater white bus.

He nervously told The Post-Courier that he noticed a white man sitting offside with a tattoo on his right arm, while the other four accomplices were Papua New Guineans of Highlands origin, and describe to be big. The vehicle then made its way up the Laws road and exit towards the Touaguba Residential area. It was when he noticed another man with a syringe injector that he bit the hand of the man covering his mouth and jumped out of the moving vehicle.

Another similar incident occurred on Saturday afternoon when a young mother and her toddler were getting out of the taxi after shopping when a blue ten seater stopped, pulled the child into the vehicle and took off. Other incidents of child kidnapping reports have gone viral on social media and the stories seems to be true.

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Social Concerns Notes – October 2015

Hope on her mind

The National, Tuesday October 20th, 2015

WITH her pen firmly stuck between her right upper arm and chin, Isabella Kila went through her Grade 12 examination papers — knowing the results would mean a lot in fulfilling her dream of becoming a lawyer. Kila, 20, born without arms and legs, is among the 23,200 Grade 12 students in 146 schools around the country who, in the next two weeks, sit for the annual Higher School Certificate Examination. She is not letting her disability hinder her plan to be a human rights lawyer one day. “My dream is to become a human rights lawyer and I am working hard to achieve that,” Kila said. “Accessibility is an issue to me. And becoming a lawyer will help me fight for people with special needs.”

Kila, from Gobakigoro village in Rigo, Central, was born without limbs, but her dad Benjamin sees her as a fighter who will not give up easily. “She does things that normal children do. She has got power in her mind. She manages her own life. She has shower by herself. Sometimes she does her laundry herself,” he said as he waited outside for her to finish her exam papers yesterday. “She is good. She believes in herself. Her dream of becoming a lawyer will happen. “I believe in her. She is a blessing to me and my wife.”

Third in a family of five, Kila started her education at Cheshire Home in Hohola to learn how people with special needs can live with minimum supervision. She later joined mainstream schools, starting with Philip Aravure Primary School from Elementary to Grade Eight.She then joined St Charles Luanga Secondary before Gerehu Secondary.

Blind student takes Gr 10 tests

The National, Monday October 19th, 2015

A 21-year-old woman became the first visually-impaired student in the country to complete Grade 10 examinations last week. Clency Amos managed to complete her papers with the support of her schoolmate guide.  She was helped by Callan officers, who converted all Grade 10 papers into Braille.

Amos, who hails from the Bokap-Naur tribe in Kundiawa in Northern, sat for the examinations at the Holy Rosary Secondary School in Chimbu. After sitting for her mathematics and personal development papers, Amos said that she was always optimistic about completing her examinations like other students. “I have faith and trust in myself and with the support of the external invigilators and Callan officers – who are my eyes so I will make it,” she said “Special thanks to Ms Cecilia Bagore, Ms Magreth Benny and Br Cosmas Manau from Mt Sion for their support in having all the Grade10 subjects set in Braille.” A determined Amos added that being visually-impaired was always a challenge. Holy Rosary Secondary School called on other schools in the province and the country to enrol students with disabilities as inclusive education was vital to removing stigma in the community.

PNG’s low education statistics

Post Courier, September 30, 2015

NEW World Bank statistics show that almost 45 per cent of men and 55 per cent of women in Papua New Guinea have not completed a single year of formal education. This was according to the World Bank country director for PNG, Timor Leste, and international affairs Franz Drees-Gross during a televised panel discussion last Friday. Mr Drees-Gross added that education is not the only problem Papua New Guineans faced after 40 years of being politically independent. He said: “PNG has the lowest percentage (13 per cent) of electricity supply in the Pacific region and yet a big island country with many resources. “And out of 96 children in primary education, only 10 per cent of them make it to the high school level.” However, this education trend seems to be developing at a slower rate but PNG is said to have an optimistic future, the World Bank PNG country director said.

The story of the disastrous outcome based education reform

30 September 2015 Raymond Sigimet

THE outcome based education structural reform of 1993 saw the elevation of selected community schools to primary schools and promotion of high schools to secondary schools in those provinces selected to trial the education reform. With much reassurance, the national department of education outlined the benefits of the reform. Children could start school at an earlier age, they would learn their local language and culture, they would undertake two years of high school education at community school level and more students would complete Grade 12 for selection into universities and colleges, teachers would upgrade their qualifications, retention statistics would improve, the list went on.

Outcome based education had failed miserably in countries like Australia, South Africa and the United States. But, in their wisdom, the Papua New Guinea government and its advisors went ahead with the reform anyway.

It looked good on paper and sounded workable to the ears. But 20 years later, history tells us it failed in PNG – just like it did in those other countries. Last year, the national department of education announced that the 1993 education reform had fallen short of its objective and would be phased out with a new standards based education reform – more or less a return to the old way of schooling.

The problems with outcome based education arose for a variety of reasons: lack of funding and implementation were fundamental failures which were intensified by the lack of trained specialist teachers and many other flaws and let-downs. The question now is how did PNG go ahead with a reform knowing full well the system failed in more developed countries? Somewhere between PNG’s own educationists and their external advisers, someone must have an answer.

Climate change initiative backed

The National, Wednesday September 30th, 2015

CLIMATE change, which affects thousands of lives in Papua New Guinea has gained international support, according to Deputy Prime Minister Leo Dion. He said the drive by PNG to garner international support on climate change gained prominence when Pope Francis spoke at the United Nations General Assembly in New York last week. The Pope pleaded with nations to act now on climate change. Dion led a government delegation to attend the general assembly and addressed it on Saturday. World leaders adopted the Sustainable Development Goals to succeed the Millennium Development Goals. Dion emphasised the Government’s initiatives to promote sustainable development in PNG and issues on climate change.

Report: Recovery will take years

Post Courier, October 01, 2015

IT may take about two years for El Nino Category 5 communities in the remote Highlands region to fully recover, a report has indicated. The report carried out by a church-based assessment team in the remote areas of Hela, Southern Highlands, Enga, Western Highlands and Chimbu Provinces showed that most communities are still waiting for relief supplies. The report put together by the United Church in the Highlands region indicated that it will take 18 to 24 months for these areas to fully recover.

Team leader of the assessment team Matthew Kanua said, during presentation of the report in Port Moresby recently, that food gardens and resources, livestock, planting materials, water sources, health and sicknesses plus environment are all destroyed at a rapid rate as drought and frost continue to batter those areas. He said schools were also affected where students are sick or have moved to other places in search of better living. His report also pointed out that bushfires were a raging phenomena that have destroyed homes, gardens and forests.


Care report on drought. “Our Food is Running out. By mid October everthing will be gone.”

Care Report – Executive Summary

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is currently experiencing the effects of an El Niño event, which includes warmer weather and significantly reduced rainfall. According to the National Weather Service (NWS) in Papua New Guinea and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, this dry hot spell which began in May 2015, will continue into early 2016. The CARE community needs assessment clearly identified immediate unmet needs in food security and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) as well as potential health impacts. The key findings of the CARE PNG assessments include the following:

Food Security: Households are currently experiencing food insecurity with the majority of household reporting that they either have only a short-term supply of staple food or have already run-out. As the current El Niño conditions are expected to continue until 2016, the food security situation could deteriorate even further over the coming months.

WASH: Women and children are travelling further to collect water and there are concerns over the water quality with animal and faecal material visible on the riverbed, which is impacting on the hygiene practices and increases the risk of water-borne diseases.

Livelihoods: Since garden yields have been so poor, there is little in terms of food surpluses to sell. As a result, households do not have cash available to purchase food or other essentials to meet their basic needs.

Health: Community members are reporting an increase in a number of diseases, diarrhoea, fever and respiratory illness in particular, although we were unable to verify this information with local surveillance data. However, based on the experience of the 1997- 98 drought there is an increased risk of diseases related to food and water scarcity.

Coping Strategies: Households are already using a variety of coping mechanisms as a result of the food shortages, such as eating only one meal per day and eating “famine” or “bush” food. Elderly and disabled household members are receiving significantly less food from their families.

Recovery Challenges: Even if the rains arrived today, families could not expect to harvest food from their gardens for at least four months. The extended dry period has also resulted in the desiccation planting materials which could impact the capacity of communities to recover.

Given the logistical challenges of providing assistance over many districts and provinces, and the expected duration of this El Niño event, a concerted effort will be needed to meet needs, including those of persons affected in remote and difficult-to- access communities.

Missionary sounds alarm, leaders respond

Post Courier, October 06, 2015

CHILDREN on the remote Biem Island in Wewak, East Sepik Province, are wailing openly for food because they have not eaten anything for a day or two. That is the reality that is gripping the islanders for the past few days. Many people have grown skinny and are suffering from dehydration but by God’s grace, no one has starved yet. Several have collapsed and lost consciousness while the old people are just sleeping in their houses, waiting for death to come. All food gardens have been harvested or have dried up in the intense heat and water sources, including tanks, had run dry.

A New Tribes Mission missionary based on the island raised the alarm last Wednesday after realising that the people have become so helpless and discouraged about the current food and water situation.

“The people are down to nothing and are asking for any assistance we can give them. Without assistance from the outside, they are becoming more and more helpless each day,” missionary Thomas Depner wrote. “In an effort to relieve some of the immediate hunger, we brought in a boatload of 28 bales of rice which we sold for K3.50 each. The rice was selling very slowly because most people did not have at least K3.50 to buy a packet. “In my estimation, the most urgent need is food relief as soon as possible, second would be drinking water and third medicine. We do not have an outbreak yet but that is bound to happen as the situation keeps worsening each day,” the missionary said. Wewak MP Jim Simatab and administrator Ricky Wobar responded immediately after receiving the report from the missionary and dispatched nine boats filled with 250 bales of rice and more than 300 litres of water containers last Friday. All other Schoutern Islands of Koil, Wei, Ruprup and Kadawar are also affected by the prolonged dry spell.

El-Nino Affected Islanders Survive On Coconut Water

The National, 15th October, 2015

Manus MP Ronny Knight says most islands in the province are hard hit by the drought and have resorted to coconut water to drink. Knight said the islanders would badly need help if the dry period continued. “Basically, all our islands are hard hit. In all the north coast islands of Rambutyo, Pak, Tong, Nauna, Baluan, Lou, the Ninigo Group and Wuvulu and Aua Island, people are surviving on kulau water to cook and drink. They also use well water. Some scattered rainfall occurs but not enough to fill the tanks. The crops are all dying, the ground has dried up and the top soil blown away. It’s much worse than 1997 with the heat much stronger. Our people will need help for months after the drought before normalcy returns. We are waiting for the District Development Authority to be set up early next week where we will budget K2 million for relief supplies and water tanks, including a portable desalination plant,” he said. Knight appealed to authorities and non-government organisations to assist the electorate’s efforts in helping the people.

Christians must show compassion: Bishop

The National, Tuesday October 13th, 2015

A Catholic bishop says Christians are challenged by faith and humanity to show compassion towards those suffering as a result of disasters. Bishop of Alotau Sideia Rolando Santos said: “Many of you are aware of the El Nino phenomenon which is affecting the lives of children and families across the country and the Pacific. “The continuous dry spell was affecting the supply of garden food and drinking water in many districts of Milne Bay. “This phenomenon is expected to continue up to the end of the year and even up to March of next year. “As Christians and as brothers and sisters, we are challenged by our faith and our common humanity to act and show compassion towards those who are affected by the drought. “As our Lord said to his disciples after seeing the need of the multitude, “You yourselves give them something to eat.” (Luke 9:13). “Like the young boy who handed over to Jesus his five loaves and two fish, let us share with others what have and trust the Lord that he will take care of the rest.” Santos appealed for generosity.

“Go to your community and find out who are affected by the drought and report this to your parish priest, the parish Caritas coordinator and to Sister Paola Orfano and the diocesan Caritas coordinator.

Santos said give your donation no later than November 15. He said they should pray to the Lord  to help spare them from this calamity so that families can stay together.

Church awaits State subsidy

The National, Monday September 28th, 2015

THE Government is yet to pay the Catholic Health Services subsidies from July to September, upsetting its budget and payment of salaries, an official says. Justine McMahon of the Catholic Health Office said the delay in the payment by the Government was making it difficult for the office to operate and pay its workers. She said provincial secretaries had to draw from funds allocated for other programmes, such as the maintenance and purchase of new equipment. No comment could be obtained from the Health Department yesterday. McMahon said most of the church’s health services were located in remote and rural areas and the delay in funding meant the health centres could not provide services to the people. She said the health centres had not closed down “although it has been seriously considered as an option due to lack of funds”. “The health staff members have other expenses as well, paying for education, communication, transportation, clothing and other necessary things.  “We are aware of some staff looking for other employment but cannot confirm how many have left.” She said some local communities, such as in Mingende, Chimbu, were providing health workers with food. “Health is critical to PNG and we appeal to the Government to treat this issue as a matter of urgency so that our staff can be paid on time,” McMahon said.

SABL final report set to go before Cabinet

Post Courier, October 05, 2015

CHIEF Secretary to Government Sir Manasupe Zurenuoc has applauded the Special Agriculture & Business Leases (SABL) Implementation Taskforce, for the outstanding report to implement the recommendations found during the Commission of Inquiry into SABLs. Sir Manasupe said that in 2011 the Government set up a commission of inquiry into SABLs, which found that many leases needed to be revoked. He said the Government then referred the matter to a ministerial committee to implement the findings of that particular inquiry. “However, the ministerial committee could not progress much for various reasons,” Sir Manasupe said. He said towards the end of 2014, Cabinet set up a special taskforce – SABL Implementation Taskforce, under the Chief Secretary, to look at how to effectively implement the COI findings. “Currently, the laws are complicated and ineffective to revoke these leases, therefore amendments to the legislation will be considered. “From the report provided by this special taskforce, the Government now has a clear way to implement the revocation of non-genuine leases. “Out of the 75 SABLs, only 42 SABL reports were provided by two members of the commission Nicholas Mirou and John Numapo. They had recommended that 30 should be cancelled, 11 suspended and that only one SABL was in order. “The other 30 SABL reports, however, have not been received by the Government, hence the Government is now pursuing other actions to obtain them,” Sir Manasupe said. “In the not too distant future, the Government hopes that some of the land will be returned to landowners,” Sir Manasupe said.’

Violent crime hits peaceful Madang

Post Courier, October 05, 2015

A SENIOR rural development worker has come out to comment on the dangerous increase in violent crimes in Madang Province. Vice-Chairman of Luaben Road Construction Services Mr Donald Apekal told Post-Courier recently that Madang had changed drastically from a once peacefully and safe place to probably the most dangerous place in Papua New Guinea. According to Mr Apekal who has lived and worked in Madang for the past 40 years, the same places where tourists and local visitors alike could take walks without fear or thought are now hell holes. He said that everywhere you go in Madang especially around the town area; a drunk criminal who is willing and capable of doing anything can be seen prowling the streets looking for his next victim. He added that it was uncanny how men carrying knives sticking out of their shirts or holding them in public view was something of a norm these days in Madang. “Stepping outside your home gate, you are more likely than not to be accosted or meet with some form of violence. “I love Madang and it will always be home, but at present, I would not recommend it as a place to live to my worst enemy. Mr Apekal who has worked in rural Madang for most of his working life, told Post-Courier Online that he believed the main reason for the gross increase in crime is the unfiltered influx of outsiders from other provinces who have come into the province without any clear cut means of survival. He said that the more idle people that come into the town, the more natives of Madang become hostile to the outsiders. The increase in tension between Madang folk and outsider squatters then causes infighting and ripple effect retaliation. He said that many people who knew have succumbed to the recent heightened violence, most recently being his wife who was threatened with a knife in town and robbed of her bilum on Monday.

Our society needs responsible fathers: a key to gutpela sindaun

August Berita.

There are millions of people worldwide who have graduated with degrees and doctorates. There have been thousands of books and articles written on how to combat social problems. Government after government has come to power and public and private organisations have been established to solve our dilemmas and show us the way and trillions of dollars have been applied.

In Papua New Guinea, many people are turning to Christianity hoping that a theocratic government is the solution. All done with the hope that we might create a society which can live in peace and harmony. People today seem to blame government as the cause of the problems. We blame the government for poverty, crime, poor education, inadequate health services, impassable roads, and the rest. Yet we do not realise that government is not responsible for the causes and solutions to most of our problems. But what if we suggest that men are probably the cause of many problems in society today? We have to admit that the moral standards of men have fallen and we no longer have enough responsible men in society. One of the possible solutions in bringing gutpela sindaun to our society is to help our men become responsible fathers. PNG needs responsible fathers. We have great men who have contributed a lot to our nation in different ways. Yet we cannot ignore that our society is full of irresponsible husbands and fathers. Having responsible fathers is crucial in the process of achieving peace and harmony; whether it be a monogamous or polygamous family. In male dominated society, if you try to empower women and children to fight social injustice against men, you will always have retaliation.

Men do not want to lose face or be directly confronted with the truth that they are wrong because we live in a shame culture. But if we positively empower men to think responsibly without affecting their status in society, it might be possible for them to adapt and change. A lot of men in a male dominated society don’t want to be led by women. It is much easier for women to follow a responsible father than for an irresponsible father to follow a responsible wife. If men are empowered to become responsible fathers, it’s possible that in the next twenty years, we will have gutpela sindaun in our society. Families are the main pillar of our society and fathers need to be responsible for building good family foundations. The moral foundation of any group of people is not shaped by the constitution of a country. It is not based on the wealth, economy or religious status of a country. The foundation of a nation begins with the family unit.

Our society does not need more men. It simply needs responsible fathers. We have fathers who are great leaders in government, religion, community and business, but if they are not leading in their homes they have neglected their primary responsibility. They have time for other things and yet do not have time for the children they fathered. How can men change the next generation, if they do not shape the very foundation of the generation they have in their hands.

A lot of single men feel they want to get married but it is one thing to feel you are ready for marriage and another to be prepared for marriage.  When the hormones in your body change and makes you feel like a man, that does not mean you are ready for marriage. You are not yet ready to be a husband and a father unless you are prepared to be a responsible husband and father.

Being a committed Christian in the church or having a good job does not guarantee you will be a good husband or promise you a good marriage. Marriage is not an event for the day nor is it a partner for the day. It is a lifetime duty of a responsible husband and father.In traditional society our fathers taught us that men have to be prepared before taking up their role as husbands and fathers. Sadly today it is no longer the case. We need responsible fathers who can influence the destiny of their children.

Hagen ‘market taxis’ offer an important lesson to our country

August Berita. 06 October 2015

OVER the last few years there has been an increase in the number of boys who roam in and out of Mt Hagen’s town market, some from as far as Southern Highlands and Enga. They are not men who wander around looking for opportunities to rob people, nor are they street vendors. They do not carry knives to threaten people; just a roll of string and a needle. They are known as ‘market taxis’ and they assist people to carry or sew their market bags. In return, people pay them between 50 toea and two kina. Some people generously give a bit extra. After helping you, the market taxis just wait around without demanding compensation. They do not quarrel if they are not paid. Instead they say simply, “Em orait, mi helpim yu tasol” (it’s OK. I’m just helping you) and walk away. They aren’t bothered what people think of them but they are enthusiastic and focused on what they are doing. They never went to business school to learn techniques of good salesmanship, but their customer service is much better than some of the shop assistants in Mt Hagen. These boys are smarter than the men who hang around the shopfronts, the bus stops and the public parks waiting to snatch wallets and handbags.

I was curious to know more about these friendly boys and asked them to tell their story.

Their parents are poor and some live in the squatter settlements around town. Their parents don’t have a regular income and don’t earn enough money to support the boys. Since they have nothing else to do, they come to the market to work. They say they earn good money from the services they provide.

Some of them go to school in the morning and, in their free time after school and at weekends and holidays, come to the market to work.

If we are to overcome poverty, we must take personal responsibility and use our time productively. The taxi boys never went to college. They don’t blame their parents. They took responsibility for their own lives. When we talk about poverty, we tend to think in terms of wealth. But there are different aspects of poverty; physical, spiritual, psychological, social and economic. The main aspect of poverty in PNG is poverty of the mind. There is no greater poverty and it is often expressed in phrases like ‘I can’t’ or ‘it’s impossible’.  It is amazing how the average Papua New Guinean does not expect to succeed. Instead of saying, ‘I cannot afford it’ these little taxi boys asked ‘How can I afford it?’  The statement lets you off the hook, while the question forces you to think. When you say, I can’t afford it, your brain stops working.  By asking how can I afford it? the brain is put to work. PNG is a rich nation and we are a resourceful people. Yet, I’m struck by our widespread pessimism. The worrying aspect is that pessimistic people spread their ideas that others are the cause of their poverty.

If we change our thinking, life will get better.  When we change the way we look at things, the things we look at change. Sadly, our current education system no longer prepares young people to mind their own business. Instead it prepares them to look to others to give them a job and a hope in life.


Forgotten prisoners

Post Courier, October 08, 2015

THEY were initially sent to the Laloki Psychiatric Hospital in Port Moresby for treatment, but have ended up as remandees at Bomana jail. Some have been there for as long as three years, “forgotten” with their papers “lost” in the system. The plight of these 14 prisoners, including two women, was brought to the attention National Court judge Justice Panuel Mogish after fellow detainees at Bomana jail, whose cases were before the court, raised the alarm. Justice Mogish yesterday summoned lawyers from the Public Solicitor’s Office and Public Prosecutors officers to court to review their long overdue cases. The 14 prisoners, who were charged with a wide range of offences, were sent to Laloki from nine different provinces for psychiatric treatment. Justice Mogish said that a medical report, called psychiatric patients discharge summary, of the 14 prisoners stated that they were either treated or were mentally fit enough to be returned to their respective jails. However, they remained “forgotten” at Bomana, their papers “lost in the system”. Some have been in Bomana for as long as three years after Laloki medicated, reviewed and discharged them, the judge said. Justice Mogish blamed the CS officers for the oversight, adding that if finance was a problem, he was sure the court would have found ways to repatriate the 14 to their provinces.

Callan will go online

Post Courier, October 08, 2015

CALLAN Services of PNG, the largest health facility for persons with disabilities, is going online soon. Its 19 workers are currently in Port Moresby, attending a workshop on how to write stories and take pictures for a website that they will be creating for the organisation. As part of their training, the workshop participants were taken on tour of Post-Courier newsroom in Konedobu yesterday to see for themselves how the daily newspaper is put together. Callan Services development officer Patrick Hikin said the 19 people were mostly teachers who graduated from the different teachers colleges in the country where they took special education to teach at the special education centres. He said they would now not only be teachers, but would be expected to collect information, write them down and send them to the Callan Services headquarters in Wewak, which would put the stories on the organisation’s website for its network.

It’s working in partnership with the Government through the National Education Department, which is supporting Callan Services by paying the salaries of its teachers. A couple of its resource centres are also getting the Government’s Tuition Free Fee subsidies, but the majority of the organisation’s funding comes from international donor agencies. Mr Hikin said the national office takes care of funding, finance and research while its resource centres in the provinces cater for the actual needs of the people with disabilities, including providing equipment such as hearing aids for those with hearing problems and eye-glasses for those with hearing impairments. It also provides education, especially for the younger children until they are able to go to the mainstream schools.

Young Jeremiah passes on

Post Courier, October 07,2015, 05:13 pm

Beaten with sticks, stones and iron, young 17 year old Jeremiah Yinu was a victim of soldiers’ brutality that led him to be in a coma for three months before he passed away yesterday afternoon at 1pm. He had been assaulted by soldiers who retaliated after two of their own were attacked by students who were on their way to celebrate the Kilakila Secondary Students Cultural Show on Saturday July 25 of this year. The students had taken offence when two soldiers under the influence of alcohol assaulted a fellow student and had overpowered the two soldiers leaving both receiving wounds. Described by his father as a hard working boy who was respectful and would not hurt anyone, the student from the Koki Salvation Army Secondary School is missed by his family.

Unity is key says Momis as Bougainville mulls referendum

7 October 2015 7 October 2015 Anthony Kaybing

BOUGAINVILLE president Dr John Momis has once again signalled unity as the key ingredient in successfully holding a referendum on independence in the autonomous province. Dr Momis said that to progress towards self-determination and eventual independence, should it choose that road, the Autonomous Bougainville Government must unite all Bougainvilleans. “My department is planning a region-wide patrol to visit all districts to discuss government policies and programs but more importantly to hear what our communities are saying,” he said. “Sometimes our communities cry foul because we have not given them the opportunity to be heard and participate. We need to take heed of the adage ‘united we stand, divided we fall’,” he cautioned.

Dr Momis said the greatest threat to a progressive and vibrant Bougainville is that the people remain polarised in different groups like Mekamui, Kingdom of Papala and Ex-Combatants. “My appeal is for the people of Bougainville to come under the legally constituted entity – the Autonomous Bougainville Government,” he said. A positive way forward was shown by the pledge of Mekamui government leaders from Panguna who have started to realign with the ABG. An event at Panguna late last month witnessed a declaration by Meekamui strongman Moses Pipiro that Panguna will become a weapons–free zone in which all arms will be collected and secured. “I would like to congratulate the leaders from Panguna and Mekamui, Philip Miriori and his deputy Philip Takaung, for taking the creative initiative to join the ABG and the rest of Bougainville in preparing our people for the referendum,” Dr Momis said. The president called on other factions of the Mekamui, the Konnou Group and U-Vistract Group to take the same decision and join the ABG.

Gruesome video online shows torture of women accused of witchcraft

The footage, reportedly taken in a village of the Enga province, shows four women who have been stripped, tied up, burned and beaten. Several men prod the women threateningly with machetes while hurling questions at them. According to a local Lutheran missionary, Anton Lutz, the video was first shared by local high school students on their mobile phones before it appeared on social media.

Ruth Kissam, an anti-sorcery-violence activist and youth coordinator for PNG’s Western Highlands provincial government, says that the time has come for the government to take decisive action.

“It is a national crisis and it calls for aggressive action by the government right now,” she said.

Last December the Catholic Bishop of Wabag, Arnold Orowae, launched a campaign against the persecution of so-called witches, threatening any Catholics who get involved in sorcery-related attacks with excommunication. In an interview, Bishop Orowae expressed his disgust with people who call themselves Christians and yet spread dissension linking innocent persons to sorcery. He also said that the Catholic Church would fight against these witch hunters together with the police. “The unethical and unlawful killing of women alleged to be witches must and will be stopped in 2015,” the bishop said. The Bishops’ Conference of Papua New Guinea published an open letter in the two major Papuan dailies, condemning the persecution of pseudo-witches.

In the most recent case, the four women were accused of witchcraft after a young man became ill and later died in a village in Enga province in August. Reports on social media claim that the women were accused of “invisibly” taking out the man’s heart. Some have gone so far as to assert that the women put the heart back after they were tortured, so confirming their guilt. “There’s no real way they can prove themselves innocent,” one local source told Guardian Australia. “Once they’re suspected they’re basically done for, they’ll be tortured and maybe killed as well.” According to an online translation of the video, the women deny having done anything wrong, and plead for mercy. “My son, stop it!” says one of the women, cowering on the ground. “Talk out, where did you put it?” replies the voice of one of her attackers, referring to the young man’s heart. “Burn her with the wire.”

“I’ve got nothing to do with it,” says another of the women. “I am a mother with five children.”

Forensics reveals truth about sorcery deaths

Post Courier, October 09, 2015

SCIENCE will always find a reasonable explanation for death, even if it is believed to be sorcery-related, says the nation’s chief pathologist Dr Seth Fose. “Of the 150 to 200 post mortems that I do in a year, less than five are unexplainable.” Dr Fose, one of only five Papua New Guineans specialising in forensic pathology, says that unexplainable deaths are usually caused by lack of information and not sorcery. “The first thing to do in a post mortem is to read the information given by the police so you know what to look for.” Sometimes when that information is insufficient, the cause of death is missed. However, most times the cause of death is easy to find.

Dr Fose said heart attack was one disease that was often confused with sorcery. “Heart attacks are unexpected. So when someone normal gets a heart attack, people make connections with recent happenings and trips and assume its sorcery related, when in reality, it was just a heart attack.”

Tuberculosis, bleeding in the brain, kidney problems and other diseases that take a while to be detected, can also cause confusion. “Sometimes, family members do not know that their relatives are sick.” He said to quell confusion, he usually invites relatives of the dead to view the body. “I tell them this is what a normal heart looks like, and this is what the sick heart looks like. If you don’t believe me, use Google or some medical text book to make sense of what you see.

PNG Supplementary Budget – too much, too late?

By Paul Flanagan on October 2, 2015

The Supplementary Budget is an important accountability mechanism for ensuring that the Parliament makes the key decisions on how to reduce their earlier appropriations. But it should have come out in the first quarter of 2015 or, at the latest, at the same time as the MYEFO. Especially given its lateness, the savings sought should be modest. The really important document for now is a 2016 Budget Strategy that sets out a credible medium-term path for avoiding a fiscal crisis. [See the url above for the full article.


Critical commentary on the LNG story.

[See the url above]


Also see:

The six billion kina answer

By Graeme Smith on October 8, 2015

In attempting to trace the origin of the loan, it became apparent that the central ministries meant to oversee PNG’s development finance were in the dark. At the Department of National Planning and Monitoring, tasked with coordinating donors, officials offered that they did their best to guide loans, but ‘it just goes beyond us … China and Japan respond to politicians because of the absence of a clear aid policy. China prefers to work the way it does, they make agreements outside the normal process, and then after everything is agreed, they bring it to our budget process.

[For the full article, see the url above]

Govt to reconsider death penalty

Post Courier, October 14, 2015

THE Government is reconsidering its decision on the death penalty. But yesterday, the office of the Justice and Attorney-General advised Post-Courier that an official statement on the Government’s position will be made “at a later date.” Papua New Guinea has 11 inmates on death row, and in recent months the lobby against the death penalty has been mounting, spearheaded by the Catholic church and its agencies.The Justice and Attorney-General officials said yesterday that a different approach will be undertaken by the Government, but there were major issues that needed to be addressed before any announcement is made.

Statement on Climate Change. Catholic Bishops’ Conference (28 Sept, 2015)

 We, the Bishops of the Catholic Bishops Conference of Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands gathered together in Port Moresby, are deeply concerned about climate change and its effects in our region. We address this letter to the Political leaders of Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, of the world and especially the participants of Conference of Parties 21.

Pope Francis, in his recent encyclical Laudato Si’, urges the entire global human family to see our planet and its peoples as our common home that needs care now and for future generations.

Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands are affected by climate change. We experience it in changed weather patterns, reduced access to clean water, diseases affecting plants, animals and humans, sea level rise, eroding coastlines, and sea-water invading the water lens and food plots. Fires affect the atmosphere. These changes mean that many people are forced to migrate and relocate to live elsewhere.

The protection of the atmosphere, the land and the oceans require political and economic decisions so that we do our part to care for the land, sea, forests and air entrusted to us and our future generations. We need to evaluate the consequences of our current policies. This means far-sighted governance shaped by the principles of justice and fairness that reflect and protect the environment for the benefit of our entire common home.

We commit to encouraging our own people, civic leaders included, to do their part to foster sustainable and equitable developmental and economic policies in PNG and SI. And we strongly urge those from Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands at international meetings such as the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris (30 Nov- 11 Dec 2015) not to be swayed solely by self-interest and to be courageous in making decisions that will reverse global inequality and degradation in favour of the common good.

We count on your solidarity and action, and we pray for wise and ambitious decisions to be agreed by political leaders that recognize people’s needs and everybody’s personal contribution in reducing harmful Green House Gas emissions.

The world community has the means to change course and to limit temperature rise to less than 1.5° degrees Celsius. It is our moral imperative to act now.

Bishop Arnold Orowae

On behalf of the Bishops of the CBC-PNG/SI


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Social Concerns Notes – September 2015

40 years in the wilderness; let’s head towards the promised land

18 September 2015   by Joe Kuman

OUR beautiful country Papua New Guinea has reached 40 years of political independence and its citizens have every reason to celebrate. In this mood of festivity someone approached me with a green label bottle of SP and punched the air declaring, “If you burn your kunai thatched house knowing you can afford roofing iron, why not!” He pointed at the onlookers and added: “It’s 40 years of independence and you lot need to live in a high covenant house.” Anyway it was the 40th Independence anniversary and I recall those who existed on that day when the Australian flag was lowered so we could raise the red, gold and black that carried PNG into the sky in a bustle of the wind but was firmly tied to a pole plunged into PNG’s soil. There guarded by our three disciplined forces and looked upon by our founding fathers Sir Michael Somare, Sir Albert Maori Kiki, Dr John Momis, Sir John Guise, Sir Ebia Olewale and so many others who had carried the flag forward to independence.

Amongst the many criticisms and condemnations of our leaders for corrupt practices, positive developments have happened over the last 40 years. Our nation’s capital, Port Moresby, is growing quickly with buildings and facilities that are of 21st century architectural design. Other urban centres are also experiencing booming infrastructure development. The country is resource rich and many Papua New Guineans are becoming millionaires through hard work and perseverance. Communications have changed dramatically from that era when my parents used to call their relatives through smoke-making, shouting, waving brightly coloured cloth or having to pass messages from one person to another from ridge top to ridge top. It is now a matter of fingering the right digits on a mobile phone whether you are in the bathroom, toilet, garden or on a hunting trip or bus ride or anywhere on this freaking earth. This is development. Highlanders are courting and marrying coastal partners. New Guinea Islanders are flocking to the mainland and vice versa to start new lives that contribute towards nation building. Intermarriage has extended far and wide within PNG – and abroad, The bonds of family and relationship extend across the globe.

The issues of accessibility, equality and participation in major developments remain great challenges and many people complain and protest, especially in the disadvantaged areas of the country. While urban dwellers celebrate with fireworks, drums, sound systems and disco lights, the rural community of this great nation may not be participating.

I went to my provincial capital of Kundiawa last weekend to sort out some family obligations. I came across few youths who came from their home village for a spin in town and asked what they had to celebrate during this independence anniversary. I explained Independence was time to celebrate our political independence when someone interrupted and asked the other youths, “Yumi independent ah?”  (“Are we independent?”) Another youth replied, “We’re not independent but our country is independent.” A third member added, “We’re independent so why are we borrowing from Australia, China and other countries?” I remained silent and allowed them to ask and answer their own questions and comments. Then there was one who had completed high school who explained to the others that “PNG is politically independent but economically dependent. We individuals are interdependent because we live in a society where we depend on each other for survival!” The group nodded approval and I reflected that coming from a disadvantaged area like Yuri did not deter these young men from conceptualising what independence is all about. They understood it is a matter of accessibility, equality and participation. Let’s hope the 40 years in the wilderness are over and that we can now head towards the promised land of success and prosperity. Go Papua New Guinea!

Keeping the fire of unity alive: An enduring legacy

21 September 2015 Busa Jeremiah Wenogo

PAPUA New Guinea‘s road to independence, although often said to be offered on a golden platter, was actually achieved after overcoming many internal challenges. Many people were not sure what independence was or what it would bring to them. In such a fragile environment, where anxiety, confusion and hope reigned, the idea of independence disturbed the populous. The fact that this did not result in social melt-down is a real victory of PNG’s independence’ a victory orchestrated by our nation’s founding fathers. It was achieved by unifying diversity under one flag and constitution. Gaining independence from Australia was a great victory but I think PNG’s enduring legacy will be its ability to unify a land characterised by diversity.

Even today our biggest challenge is reaching out to the unreached. PNG was and is very much a nation of many nations. In a nation so diverse it was inevitable that the subject of autonomy was going to be hotly debated. Bougainville led the way in pushing for autonomy and now it is – perhaps – at the cusp of gaining independence from PNG. Other provinces are now joining the autonomy bandwagon. If this is an early indication of a domino effect at play, I certainly hope it will not be realised. We have come so far and it is not in anyone’s interest to see PNG fragment and divide. As our nation embarks on reaching new heights of development, two key words – unity and autonomy – will be crucial in shaping the next 40 years.

Viewed from where we are now, progress and development has taken place with unprecedented speed. So much is at stake and so much rides on our ability to keep the fire of unity alive. This is where we must be very careful in treading the future. If we are not vigilant and wise, PNG could become just another remnant of history. History is littered with accounts of nations rising and falling, unifying and defragmenting. What has happened in Europe and the former USSR is a lesson. There are increasing signs that indicate PNG’s unity is on shaky ground. Democracy in this country has been deformed and reformed so many times in parliament that the democratic idea is vague to many Papua New Guineans. When asked what is democracy, many Papua New Guineans identify the term with a parliamentary system of government which allows constituents to exercise their rights every five years and choose their representatives. Not bad but not enough. Parliament should conduct itself in a manner that preserves democracy and the rule of law. But already people are beginning to develop a mentality that there are two sets of laws, one for “big men” and the other for the rest of us. While this is not the case, there are certainly loopholes that will need tightening. Furthermore, while the constitution has embedded the idea of unity, it has recently come under great duress due to upheavals at the political level.

I am suggesting a national course of action to drive and preserve unity. Every school in PNG must have in its possession a Bible, a copy of the Constitution and new PNG flag. These are the three important symbols of our unity and our nationhood…. Furthermore, during the Independence Day, it should be made compulsory across the nation that no provincial flags will be hoisted or promoted.

This is not the time to entertain the idea of a divided PNG but a unified PNG. When we aspire to be a regional and global player we cannot allow this nation to be divided by internal factionalism.

So what does the future hold for PNG? As a nationalist I want to be optimistic because there is no better country than our own. But as a realist I can’t help being a bit pessimistic about its future.

There are worrying signs that our people are becoming disenfranchised by the lack of opportunity and poor delivery of services. In PNG it is known that the country operates on the principle of who you know rather than what you know. If this continues to be the trend for the next 10 years, more Papua New Guineans will demand the right to self-determination as a way to break out from this systematic and systemic form of corruption. This is a recipe for disunity.

I agree with the slogan “PNG Em yu ya”. Change as we know it must begin with each and every one of us. When we do change it is important that we inspire people around us to change. If we allow ourselves to be beaten down by our acts of corruption, sooner or later the PNG that we know today will not exist.

Doctor: Rural Practice is Good.

Post-Courier, 07 September, 2015

PORT Moresby brought up girl, Maggie Taune, loves the life of a rural doctor at Mingende Catholic-run Hospital in Chimbu Province. She is one of two female medical students among a group of five that graduated two years ago from the Masters program on rural health at the University of PNG School of medicine and health sciences. Dr Taune shared her experience at a specialty meeting for rural and remote medicine in Port Moresby on Saturday, saying it was not easy making a decision to work in a rural area, but particularly in the Highlands. However, the benefits are enormous, including the respect she has earned by the local community that she serves. “There is a huge sacrifice you make in rural areas,’’ she said. These include not having the shops where you can go and do your shopping so you have to make-do with what you have. Ms Taune is single and she says having a family would no doubt be a challenge to her decision to work in a rural area because women usually go where their husbands go. The reasons that made her choose a career in a rural area included not being employed at the time as well as wanting to do something adventurous. The career benefits she has gained include being frontline leader in the hospital and being a voice for the people. “The community will have a lot of respect for you which you build over time,’’ she said. Of the 1168 doctors in the country, 60 are women, 19 of them are specialists in child health while others are in various other specialist medical care.

Disaster report: Eight districts face Category 5 disaster

Post Courier, September 21, 2015

EIGHT districts in the Highlands provinces’ are currently experiencing Category 5 of the disaster, the final report from the National Disaster Office says. These districts comprise 1.09 million people, said Chief Secretary to the Government Sir Manasupe Zurenuoc who released the updated report last Friday. He named the eight districts as Tambul-Nebilyer in Western Highlands, Lagaip-Porgera and Kandep in Enga; Imbonggu and Ialibu-Pangia in Southern Highlands, Gumine and Kundiawa-Gembogl in Chimbu and Margarima. Category 5 drought is extreme situation, famine food only being eaten, and-or water in very short supply, and-or many people ill, and-or small children and old people seriously at risk.

Some of the provinces’ districts are currently experiencing Category 3 drought, including Wabag, Mendi-Munhiu, Kagua-Erave, South Waghi Rural, Chuave, Sinasina-Yongomugl, Salt-Nomane, Kerowagi, Unggai-Bena and Henganofi. Category 3 is where conditions are difficult, with food reduced and some famine food being eaten, and or water available only at a distance, and or some babies and old people unwell. No lives at risk. Other provinces, Morobe, Manus and East New Britain have been ruled out and are experiencing Category 1 drought but are being managed.

Melanesian brother murdered in Papua New Guinea

Posted on: September 17, 2015

The Anglican Church of Melanesia announced today that a member of the Melanesian Brotherhood (Solomon Islands) in Popondetta, Oro Province, Papua New Guinea has been murdered.

Br Tolbon Diwaero was killed late Tuesday night or early Wednesday morning by unidentified persons on his way back to Domara Household, the Church reported via Facebook. Br Kelliot Betu, Regional Secretary of the Papua New Guinea  Melanesian Brotherhood Region said that it appeared Br Diwaero was “mistakenly murdered” as he passed a village where there was a clash between two groups. Further details about the incident are unknown at present. The Church is asking for prayer for members of Papua New Guinea Brotherhood.

Lae bishop attacked

The National, Monday August 31st, 2015

THE Catholic Professionals Society of PNG (CPSPNG) has condemned an attack on Bishop Christian Blouin of Lae Diocese in Lae a week ago. According to CPSPNG president Paul Harricknen, Blouin was attacked when he tried to stop some street preachers carrying pictures of the Pope and cardinals and abusing the Catholic Church. “When the street preachers were preaching, a Catholic nun walked past the crowd, who were listening to the preaching, and they booed at her, Harricknen said. “She was upset so she went and reported the incident to police and also rang Bishop Christian and told him of what the street preachers were saying.” Harricknen said when Blouin arrived there and approached those street preachers and told them to stop such preaching, the crowd reacted and started throwing stones at the bishop and one hit him on the head. “This is totally uncalled for and an unprovoked assault, a clear case of people abusing freedom of speech and a breach of the right to freedom of religion of other street preachers. “Their actions, without doubt, amounted to criminal offence of breach of the peace, assault and spreading false rumours and we want to know what the Lae police has done or is doing with these street preachers.”

Preach fairly, preachers told

The National, Thursday September 3rd, 2015

STREET preachers should stick to the Word of God rather than discriminate against or criticise other denominations in public, police said. Lae Met Supt Iven Lakatani cautioned the public speakers after he confirmed that he had received a complaint about a Catholic bishop of the Lae diocese over a week ago. “Nobody is stopping them (street preachers) from preaching in public places. But I have been advising them to avoid preaching in places or locations that are risky,” Lakatani said.

He said such locations like in front of shops may cause inconvenience.

Lakatani said he would make sure that both parties (the Catholic Diocese of Lae and the street preachers) come together for a reconciliation and to have a common understanding to prevent such incidents in future. President of the Catholic Professionals Society Paul Harricknen condemned the attack, saying it was ‘totally uncalled for and an unprovoked assault’. “There are many street preachers who preach and share God’s word genuinely, but there are those who have nothing better to preach but to talk and gossip against other churches and denominations,” he said.

Independence, drought, generosity & the art of giving Kerry Kimiafa.   01 September 2015

GOROKA Grammar School in the Eastern Highlands incorporates and teaches Moral Education alongside the core curricular subjects of English, Maths, Science and the Social Sciences.

This it does with the fervent hope that the future citizens of this beautiful country will uphold and practice good ethics and values in the lives they lead and also when the baton of the family changes a few years down the line.I want to share with Papua New Guineans one of the virtues the school looked at recently; generosity, which I define as the art of giving. A message about generosity is very timely in the spirit of independence that will reverberate from the mountains to the coast and which has been with us since 1975. This year may be a little different in the sense that Papua New Guinea is turning 40 years old. I write this at a time when two million people in the Highlands have been hard hit by the combined effect of drought and frost. It is my firm belief that all the citizens of this country, members of parliament, affluent citizens of this country, friends of Papua New Guinea and business houses who do business here should collaborate and rally in support of those in distress at this time. There is no better time to reach out and give to the needy and practice the virtue of generosity. We cannot spectate on the sideline and expect the government to do this single-handedly –it should be a massive effort of givers, distributors, agencies and implementers on the ground. …

The fortieth anniversary is a good time to repent and start ingraining morals and ethics into our conduct starting from the tea boy all the way up to the member of parliament. On 16 September, Independence Day, we should all reflect on and evaluate what we have done right and what we haven’t done right. If we can do this, I am sure we will be on the right road to prosperity and greater wealth for our citizens….

Dear Mister Speaker, I am very concerned….

31 August 2015 Raymond Sigimet

DEAR Mister Speaker – With due respect, I am speaking my mind about the removal, destruction and burning of Papua New Guinean cultural items and objects, action which you have instituted as Speaker of the National Parliament. Mister Speaker, are you not from Papua New Guinea? Does it not hurt you inside as a Papua New Guinean to be the mainstay and advocate of this unwarranted attack and obliteration of our cultural items and objects? Does it not occur to you that some of these cultural items and objects are uniquely Papua New Guinean and are representations of our people and country’s contribution to world art and culture? Mister Speaker, amongst other objects, you have replaced the totem carving in the National Parliament and now I read that you are leading the burning of all representations of what you term traditional “idolatry and witchcraft” in the Parliament grounds.

Is Parliament the new seat of worship for our country now? Mister Speaker, you are occupying a neutral chair but you are dictating to the people of Papua New Guinea that ancestral, cultural and ritual institutions of our people in the form of carvings, masks, chants and dance should be done away with.

You are suggesting that Papua New Guineans should not express themselves artistically or spiritually in any form other than the one you envision and prescribe. Mister Speaker, are you telling me that the Sepik carvers have sinned in their creation of the carving you removed from Parliament?

Are you telling me that the Tolai people have sinned in performing the Tumbuan and Dukduk ritual dances? …..

Should you be unchecked, our country in the future will not be “Papua New Guinea, a land of diverse people and cultures” but “Papua New Guinea, a land of fundamentalist religious people with no culture of our own.”

Somare slams prayer day advertisement

Post Courier, August 27, 2015.

FORMER Prime Minister Sir Michael Somare says people should not be misled by the true intentions of the National Prayer and Repentance Day. He said when he was PM in 2007 he had dedicated a day of prayer by signing a covenant with church leaders. “The day is for everyone to meet together and pray for the country, not to stage activities that are outside of the day’s activities,” Sir Michael said on Tuesday, responding to a program for this special day published in a newspaper advertisement.

He expressed his concern at a media conference with the members of the PNG Council of Churches.

The advertisement caused an uproar among a cross-section of the community and churches centred on plans to collect the Aliyah offering and a name change of the National Prayer and Repentance Day to National Destruction Day where the country will burn down cultural artifacts. He said his intention of signing the covenant was to unite the people, give thanks and pray for the country. Sir Michael added that he was concerned about the misunderstanding of the day and urge the people not to follow misleading information published about the Aliyah offering and the burning down of idols.

UN slams torture

The National, Monday August 31st, 2015

The United Nations has condemned the recent brutal torture of two women in Southern Highlands and other cases of sorcery-related violence reported by local media. The UN said in a statement that these attacks violate a person’s fundamental right to life and to be treated with dignity and respect, and constitute a violation of a person’s right to be free from cruel and inhumane treatment guaranteed under PNG’s national constitution and international human rights commitments, including the Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women. The UN has called for urgent action by authorities to provide protection as well as medical and psychosocial support services to these victims and any persons subjected to violence.  “Prompt and thorough investigations, arrests and prosecutions in fair trials by the law and justice sector are vital for restoring confidence in the rule of law. “Over two years after the high profile torture and murder of Kepari Leniata in Mount Hagen, the continued impunity for perpetrators of violence related to sorcery accusations in PNG is a grave concern.” The UN system commends frontline police officers and others who have taken action to provide protection to victims of sorcery accusation-related violence and urge other law enforcement authorities to follow this lead.

The UN commends the Government for leading the development of a Sorcery National Action Plan, which has been submitted to the National Executive Council for endorsement. The SNAP calls for urgent multi-sector action to end sorcery accusation-related violence.

Polygamy remains main cause of gender violence

Post Courier, August 28, 2015

POLYGAMOUS relationships continue to be the main cause of violence against women and children at least in the Highlands Provinces. The Parliamentary Committee on Health and Family Welfare, which has been holding inquiries in Mount Hagen and Goroka on the subject of violence against women and children, has been told that mothers and children suffer greatly as a result of men having more than one wife. In Mt Hagen witnesses who came as far as Mendi and Wabag spoke of their experiences in dealing with the issue. They said besides polygamy, financial problems resulting from excessive consumption of alcohol and gambling were contributing factors in the increasing cases of violence against women and children in the two provinces. Sister Josephine Mason of Wabag hospital in Enga Province says domestic violence in Wabag was high and in fact is common throughout the Highlands region. “Polygamy is the main cause of domestic violence. It leads to physical and sexual violence and trauma. And the children are also affected,” she says. “How can we sort out polygamy in the Highlands region?” Sr Monica, a mental health nurse for 10 years at the Mendi Hospital, says records for the hospital showed a high admission rate of mothers and children who were mentally affected because they could no longer bear the pressure of violence from within the family. Doctor Sylvester Tati, a specialist doctor in Enga Province, told the committee in rape cases that he has dealt with, some of the victims are as young as two or three years old. But what is more intriguing, he said, is the fact that no justice is done for the victims when family members and relatives opt for compensation rather than pursuing the course of justice.

Women bleeding to death common

Post Courier September 01,2015, 01:54 am

A WOMAN bled to death about five minutes away from a hospital while people went about their normal duties is not an uncommon story in this country. But it had to be told again yesterday by Dr Lahui Geita, a senior officer from the Health Department to stress the importance of Papua New Guinea, as a society changing in order to see a big improvement in the women’ s health.

While many may have heard these statistics from a 2006 demographic health survey before regarding the poor health of women in PNG, he said the situation has not changed. According to that survey, 1400 women die annually from childbirth related problems which is four every day. “Four women die every day just because they are pregnant, often from unplanned, unwanted pregnancy,’’ he said.

He said PNG had strategies to improve health of mums through programs such as village birth attendants and is increasing the number of midwives that it is training. Currently, however, all its health facilities in rural areas are run by community health workers. “By the end of this national health plan we should be able to provide 500 midwives,’’ he said, in reference to 20 midwife trainees that are graduating from five nursing colleges.

Climate change advocate ready for Fiji trip

Post Courier September 01, 2015.

A CLIMATE change advocate who has been walking around parts of the country to create awareness on climate change issues is set to take off for Fiji. Latin N’Drihin, who started walking to conduct awareness on climate change in 2010, has walked from Bogia to Madang, then Madang to Lae in 2011. Despite being robbed in Watarais in Markham, a determined Mr N’Drihin continued his walk to Lae City and also spent three days walking around the Sir Ignatius Kilage Stadium. In 2011, he campaigned against global warming by walking around Port Moresby for five days and a night walking around Sir John Guise Stadium. In 2013, he travelled to New Ireland Province where he walked from Kavieng to Namatanai on the Boluminski Highway and has so far worn out one pair of boots which was donated by KK Kingston Limited.

“This is part of my global campaign to promote peace with nature, which is for mankind to care, have respect, love and understand God’s creation and have peace with the environment.

Solomons Police say domestic violence increasing

20 September 2015 Solomon Star

THE Royal Solomon Islands Police Force (RSIPF) has recorded an increase in family domestic violence around the country. Statistics showed more than 400 cases were recorded in 2014. From January to August this year, the cases have increased to more than 500, the police media unit said.

“These statistics come as a result of the RSIPF National Community policing Unit continuous community awareness talk and education program since January 2015,” the unit said. The revelations come as Guadalcanal police charged one man in his 40s in relation to the death of a 30 year old woman. The man allegedly bashed up his wife on Father’s Day. Police investigations found the deceased was at home preparing dinner for the family when the husband showed up and called her into their room, where he brutally bashed her up. The woman laid unconsciousness in a pool of blood.  She was only awoken to the noise of her children crying when they tried to wake her up. The mother was quickly rushed to the National referral Hospital by relatives, but died three days later. The husband has been charged with murder.

The following weekend, police said they also attended two more cases of serious injuries at Kakabona community, where two women were attacked by their husbands, leaving one with a broken forearm and the other with internal bleeding on her chest. Police are continuing to investigate the report and urge public assistance to the incident.

Land dispute, threats Guadalcanal

22 September 2015 Solomon Star

Good  Samaritan Hospital at Tetere, Guadalcanal Plains has now been re-opened after it was temporarily  closed on Friday 18th September.  A press statement from the hospital management said, the chairman of the hospital board  Dr. Joel Denty, had directed the closure of the hospital services after staff were threatened last week. It stated that since April 2015, interested parties were putting up stalls for marketing outside the hospital premises, adjacent to the homes of the nurses. Promises to re-locate the market  stalls were not kept. It said instead, permanent structures were being put up, soon after the meetings.  Sale of alcohol and gambling together with other unwanted activities  continued to the harassment and annoyance of the nursing staff and their families. The statement said, matters turned ugly when two separate groups claimed ownership of the said land, even though the Salesians of Don Bosco Solomons Trust holds the title of a fix-term estate for 50 years from the Land Registry. The Don Bosco complex and the hospital complex are located in this land. To counteract the claims of one group that put up permanent structures, the other group cut down the rain trees along the road.  This had created tensions and even hostility towards the staff of the hospital. The Director of Health Services, Dr. Joel Denty had  instructed the hospital to be re-opened, having received assurance of the police protection. Over 30 staff are serving in the Good Samaritan Hospital.

Lack of funds force St John to stop services

Post Courier September 03, 2015

LEADING first aid charity St John Ambulance Service is winding down its services as of today because it does not have money to continue operating. The charity since 1957 operates in Port Moresby, Central Province and Wewak in East Sepik Province. Chief commissioner Andrew Kalai said yesterday they are forced to close because the Health Department has not allocated operating funds. Mr Kalai said St John enjoys a cordial and mutual working relation with the department until this year when differences arose over review of the memorandum of understanding which enables Health to remit funds each quarter to St John. Mr Kalai said while these differences are being sorted, St John Ambulance Service will cease all operations because of lack of funds. “Yesterday was Government pay day. We do not have money in the bank to pay salaries of our 70-plus staff in National Capital District. “We also have only 100 litres of fuel remaining. “The MOU would allow Health Department to pay us but since it is not signed, we are only hoping and praying for miracles to happen,” he said.

Health workers off payroll since June

Post Courier, September 08, 2015

CHURCHES that provide health services such as the Catholic Church have not received monthly grants from the Government for salary and operational costs since June. Christian Health Services, which oversee the grants from the Government to church health workers, has confirmed that they had not received salary and operational grants from the Government for the past four months. There are about 4000 health workers working in various health facilities run by the churches.

Post-Courier could not get comments from the individual church health agencies, but the Catholic

“Why? What is the reason for this travesty of justice? The reasons are unclear. The Catholic Church Health Services strives to provide the highest standard of health care to Papua New Guineans, the vast majority of whom cannot afford to travel overseas for their health needs. It is grateful for the dedication and commitment of its staff,” it said in a statement. “However, Catholic Church Health Services recognises that its staff are professionals with financial commitments who cannot afford to work without pay.” It said there is a need for the Government to release the salary and operational grants to churches so that they can continue to run their health services. “Billions of kina were spent on successful running of the Pacific Games. The Catholic Bishops of PNG and the Solomon Islands released a statement rejoicing in the importance of the Games for the country and the region.

“However, a more basic need is health care. How can the churches be expected to provide salaries when promised funds do not come and when their health services are already underfunded?”

It added: “Like other Churches, the Catholic Church already highly subsidises the health care services that it provides. This is a basic issue of justice not only for the health workers concerned but for the whole community.”

Drought closing schools and hospital in PNG’s Chimbu

Post Courier, September 10, 2015 Story courtesy of Radio New Zealand

The governor of Chimbu Province in Papua New Guinea says the effects of El Niño there are so severe schools are closing, public servants aren’t working and the hospital is shutting its doors.

Noah Kool says 300,000 people in the province have been affected by frosts and drought, which has caused water supplies to dry up and food gardens to be destroyed. Mr Kool says the lack of water in Chimbu’s main town, Kundiawa, is an emergency situation. “For our town water, [I’m] looking around for money to pump in water from another source to the town, and keep our hospital open, so we can address the diseases that come to our hospital. And help our public servants to have water so they can be ready to face, go out and address the El Niño issues as well.”

Island Fresh Water Turns Salty as Food Gardens Die

Post-Courier, 31st August,

The effects of El Nino are widespread and their impact on small island communities is no exception. The people of Ware Island in the Samarai-Murua district in Mine Bay are feeling the effects of the current drought. This group of people with a population of just over 1000 have not fully recovered from the impact of tropical Cyclone Ita that devastated parts of the province in April last year. This time, they are faced with another natural phenomenon. The chairman of the Ware Island community in Port Moresby, David Noel, and islander Ken Tency, shared their concerns at the weekend about drought on the island with dried water wells, fresh water that has turned salty and parched gardens that are evident. Mr Tency, who recently came from the island, said gardens have dried up and the population has experienced minimal garden harvest. Made even worse are the dry cracks in the soil and the land is so dry that villagers cannot even plant crops. “Our water from the water wells taste of salt. Coconuts are not bearing nuts like they used to. Their growths are stunted,” Mr Tency said. He said there are a few water tanks on the island but they have run out of water.

The worst frost and drought in Papua New Guinea since 1997: What happens next?

Mike Bourke. 3 September 2015 4:30PM

Of Papua New Guinea’s population of about 8 million, 80% are rural villagers who produce most of their own food. This makes them vulnerable to extreme weather events. Reports of severe impact on food crops from the recent frosts and ongoing drought in Papua New Guinea are coming from most areas in the Central Highlands. This is where over 40%, or more than 2.5 million, of rural villagers live. [For full article, see url above]

PC School fee woes, dry spell take their toll

Post Courier, September 18, 2015

PLAGUED by non- payment of tuition fees and the long dry spell, schools, especially large boarding schools throughout the country have ceased classes. Some are at the brink of closure, as students anticipate whether they return and complete the academic year after their third term holidays.

The term holidays begin for public schools on Monday. Last week, the Bishop of Bereina Diocese Rohus J Tatamai released a statement about the deplorable situation of non-payment of tuition fee by the government to schools resulting in cessation of classes for Mainohana secondary school and technical school in Bereina and Sacred heart high school in Tapini. A diocesan education board last week approved the cessation closure of the school and grades seven, nine and 11 are being sent home. Grade eight, 10 and 12 will be sent home right after the national examinations.

Post-Courier also has reports from parents that Marianville secondary in the nation’s capital has similar issues. Meanwhile in the Alotau-Sideia Catholic diocese, one of the secondary schools has similar problems with non-payment of TFF. Students have been told by the head of the school to await messages whether grades nine and 11 students would return to school after the holidays.

The river that supplies water to the school has almost dried out. Aitape diocese education secretary Henry Kairo says that the non-payment of TFF is an ongoing issue but most schools have asked parents to pay K500 to subsidise for the TFF shortfall.

Victims of Sex Trafficking Freed

Post–Courier, 18 September, 2015

A number of young girls from Central Province, who are victims of a sex trafficking ring, have been rescued in the Highlands after being sexually exploited for an extended period of time. Mr George Gigauri, head of human rights watchdog International Organisation for Migration, made this known yesterday. Mr Gigauri said the IOM mission in Port Moresby had been tipped of a situation of potential victims of sexual slavery in the Highlands region and, with police help, conducted the rescue mission. He could not give detailed information, saying it was a very sensitive issue. We have to be very careful because these girls’ lives would be in danger from the traffickers. “It was all women, less than 10 of them who are believed to be over 18-years-old,” he said. Sources told the Post-Courier eight of the women were from a Motuan village while two were from Central Province villages were allegedly promised jobs, given money and taken by helicopter to a Highlands province where they were subject to beatings and sexual abuses. “Unfortunately this is not an isolated case,” Mr Gigauri said, adding the IOM was finding more and more innocent people subjected to forced labour and sexual slavery whose lives were in grave danger.

Drug addiction rife among teens

Post Courier September 22, 2015

DRUG addiction is one of the most widespread psychiatric disorders among children, according to the National Narcotics Bureau (NNB) acting coordinator of education and awareness, Lawrence Tau.

“Papua New Guinea’s 12-year-olds and older have experiences of addiction with a big percentage of them being addicted to alcohol as well,” Mr Tau said yesterday. He said many of them end up at the Laloki psychiatric hospital from ward six at the Port Moresby General hospital. When referring to the 2013 Laloki psychiatric hospital report, he said there were a total of 211 patients suffering from respective mental disorders. However, Mr Tau added that the number has increased. “Soon PNG’s younger generation will use syringes to heighten their senses,” Mr Tau said. He said unlike other areas in the Pacific where injecting drug use are the primary concern, PNG seems to be experiencing more problems with cannabis and home-brew alcohol. This can lead to disability. He added those after taking heavy steam and marijuana, develop “Motor Neuron Disease where nerve cells (neurones) control the muscles that enable us to move around, speak, breathe and swallow”. Motor neurone disease is the name given to a group of diseases in which these neurones fail to work normally and muscles then gradually weaken and waste. Early symptoms are often mild where they may include stumbling due to weakness of the leg muscles, difficulty holding objects due to weakness of the hand muscles, and slurring of speech or swallowing difficulties due to weakness of the tongue and throat muscles.

Do not take the law into your hands, says Lakari

The National, Wednesday September 23rd, 2015

WESTERN Highlands provincial police commander Chief Supt Martin Lakari has warned the people not to terrorise, kill or punish anyone suspected of practising sorcery. Lakari said under the Sorcery Act, alleged sorcery practitioners must be handed over to police to be charged. He warned people not to become “judge, jury and executioner” as they would not escape punishment for taking another person’s life. He said early this month 10 women were saved from being tortured and burned to death at Minimb and Kuip villages outside Mt Hagen city. Lakari said quick action by him and his policemen saved the women’s lives. He said the 10 women could have been burnt to death or tortured in front of their husbands and children.  “The fire was ready and relatives of the dead person could have been planning different type of punishment before they could have burnt these women alive,” Lakari said. “Something bad could have happen if I was not there.  “I believe there are many killings related to sorcery taking place everywhere. “You are not supposed to take the law into your hands by taking away the life of a citizen. “Under which section of the law allows you to go ahead to kill another person? “You do not have any rights to take the lives of an innocent person. “The Sorcery Act is in place and laws can be applied instead of you making your own judgment by taking the law into your hand. “You need to change your primitive mentality and let the law to deal with sorcery related killings.” He urged the people not to take the law into their hands.

Papua New Guinea helpline flourishes as country deals with endemic violence

Papua New Guinea’s first free telephone counselling line has received nearly 250 calls in its first month of operations, as the country struggles to deal with “extreme” levels of domestic and sexual violence. The hotline has received 246 phone calls since starting on 20 August and nearly 50% of callers were men. [See full article at url above]

Unique Irugl mother of life centre needs more Good Samaritans 30 August 2015 Mathias Kin

HERE on a beautiful and tranquil 500 square metre block two kilometres upstream from Denglangu Catholic Mission Station, live more than 50 special children with their guardian Martin Tine and his wife Gertrude. They are orphans and children without parents and their home is the Irugl Mother of Life Centre (MOLC). MOLC is located on the side of Papua New Guinea’s highest mountain, Mt Wilhelm, in the Gembogl District of Simbu Province. Irugl MOLC was established in March 2003 by a Dutch lay missionary in honour of his late wife, Agatha, a local girl from Sako clan, who had married Martin van der Palen at Denglagu Mission in 1967.

After they returned to the Netherlands, Agatha died after a short illness. On her death bed, she asked Martin to go back to Irugl to set up a special school for the disadvantaged children of the area.

Martin honoured Agatha’s request and returned to PNG in early 2003. Using his own resources and with help from his Irugl in-laws and financial assistance from friends in Holland, Martin erected a classroom, a dormitory, a small church, living quarters for caretakers and a prayer house. The first 10 children moved into the centre in June of that year. Irugl MOLC is now 12 years old and home to more than 50 disadvantaged children aged from five to 15 and all from around the Gembogl district.

[For the full article, see the url above]

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Social Concerns Notes – August 2015

Effect of El Niño (as of 24 August)

National PNG. National Weather Service says drought could last to March, April, or May 2016. National Disaster Centre says has no funds for frost or drought, but K5m will be released to provinces.

National Capital District. Residents told to conserve water, Sirinumu Dam water levels expected to drop (hydro, water source). Chimbu residents in Port Moresby form funds appeal committee.

Gulf Province. Purari River level really low near Baimuru. Bushfires and drought-affected gardens reported mountain areas in north.

Western Province. Middle Fly District, Balimo, Aramia – “Lagoons surrounding Balimo all have gone dry. Land surfacing where once was full of water. All inhabitants are struggling with water.

Kiunga – Fly River levels dropping, water and food shortage; Fuel going low; cars queuing to refill, fuel rationing starts already limiting bus runs on highway.

Tabubil. Most of OTML workforce “repatriated”, business houses told to lay off staff and close up many operations to reduce pressure on fuel and food stocks; town largely evacuated late Aug.

West Sepik and East Sepik Telefomin, Eliptaman dry. Tifalmin – Bush fires: “And now all valley around Tifalmin areas are covered with white smoke Frieda River almost dry, river bed visible, canoe travel difficult. Heat and dry spell killing taro, people living off cassava while it lasts.

Sepik River– water level dropping.  Ambunti wharf at the moment shows 2-3 meter drop.

Southern Highlands and Hela Provinces SH Province declared state of emergency late Aug; severe frosts; many people moving to kin at lower altitudes. Mendi, Komo-Magarima, Ialibu all experience serious frost damage; schools closed.

Enga Province Severe frosts in Enga, even in lower areas that were previously not affected by frosts.

Kandep, upper lagaip, sirunki. Heavy frost and prolonged drought.

Classes jeopardized for 100,000 high school/secondary students due to water and food shortages. …

Kandep – seriously hit by frosts; bushfires destroyed several homes in district. Kandep District

Western Highlands Waghi River level dropping, people can walk across

Tambul – MORE than 50,000 people in three local level governments of Tambul district are affected by drought and frost. People are starting to move out from the affected areas.

Jiwaka dry.

Simbu Province Water shortage Dry season for 4 months. “Everything turning brown”.

Eastern Highlands Goroka – “water shortages, people living in villages & the outskirts of town get water from streams & they are drying up! Food gardens drying up. “Market is becoming expensive.”

Morobe Province Yonki Dam- water levels dropping at dam. Bulolo, government workers working half a day. Wau, Residents feeding off ground water in water holes running out of water. Dysentery near Gulf/Morobe boundary attributed to eating rotten tubers from affected gardens.

Central Province Kosipe – People in Kosipe in Goilala district are leaving their villages, in search of food and help in Sopu, Chirime, Tanipai and Woitape, after all their food crops and gardens were destroyed by severe drought and frost. The situation is quite different from the 2007

Oro Province Tufi, Orobay, Ijivitari water shortage.  Tufi fresh water systems really low.

Milne Bay Province “…starting to experience dry spell, not too bad yet.”

Manus Lorengau – “the dust is killing us.”

Madang Province All Madang districts affected, but main problems concern Manam Islanders.

East New Britain Rabaul-Kokopo – surrounding villages affected, short of drinking water – fear people may be using contaminated sources in Warongoi River. Dry spell in fourth month.Pomio has rain!

West New Britain Kimbe – Very dry periods for 3 months, shortage of fresh water, river levels dropping, very dry strong winds and fires affecting oil palm areas, very cold nights experienced here too.

New Ireland Namatanai, Barok dry winds. Lihir – water tanks low

Bougainville Buka – water shortage. Dry season

Bougainville island – strong dry winds, illness

Solomon Islands Officials in Solomon Islands are calling for water rationing as drought conditions prevail there, especially in the northern provinces. The premier of Western Province, George Solingi Lilo, said if the conditions continue for more than a month, “all services in Gizo will have to come to a halt.”

AP tracks slave boats to Papua New Guinea

Jul. 27, 2015.

Trawlers fled a slave island in Indonesia with captives of a brutal Southeast Asian trafficking ring whose catch reaches the United States. Hundreds of men were freed after they were discovered there earlier this year, but 34 boats loaded with workers left for new fishing grounds before help arrived — they remain missing.

As the appetite for cheap fish worldwide grows, so does the demand for men who are paid little or nothing to catch it. Thailand’s $7 billion annual seafood export industry is built on the backs of poor people from its own country and migrants from Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos who are sold, kidnapped and tricked onto trawlers.

[For full article see the url above]

Human Trafficking, A Major Problem

Post Courier, 30th July, 2015

Papua New Guinea is a source and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labour, according to a US Government Report. Foreign and local women and children are subjected to sex trafficking, domestic servitude, forced begging, and street vending, and foreign and local men are subjected to forced labour in logging and mining camps. An estimated 19 per cent of the country’s labour market is comprised of child workers—some of whom are subjected to forced labour or child prostitution, according to a Trafficking in Persons report released by the US Government. The report further says, non-government organisation (NGO) sources indicate children in prostitution increased by 30 per cent in 2013. Although PNG does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking, it is making significant efforts to do so. The report stated that PNG Government has made efforts to combat trafficking when it announced the criminal code amendment of 2013, which contains anti-trafficking provisions; it established a new anti-trafficking training program for front-line officers and judiciaries; it created an anti-trafficking committee and drafted a national action plan to combat trafficking.

PNG Behind In Meeting MDGs

Post–Courier, 28th July, 2015

Mothers, newborn babies and children below the age of five are considered to be the high risk population and are likely to die from preventable diseases like tuberculosis, pneumonia and diarrhoea if not immunised. This lack of immunisation means that Papua New Guinea lags far behind in improving its millennium development goals at improving infant and maternal mortality rates. Deputy Health Secretary Dr Paison Dakulala said children’s health and immunisation were still very big worries in the country and was not helping to achieve the MDG goals. “Goals four and five of the MDG which aims to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health for mothers are far from target. “The health indicators for child and maternal mortality are far below average,” he said, adding that if a baby and mother miss out on immunisation injections, they are vulnerable to preventable diseases. A nursing officer at a city clinic said that according to the Health Department, only about 60 per cent of the country is covered by immunisation programs.

Health workers shortage still a problem

Post Courier, July 28, 2015

THE shortage of health workers in the country will remain a problem for a long time, says a senior officer from the Health Department Dr Goa Tau.

Wewak Hospital board chairman Allan Bird raised serious concerns about the critical shortage of manpower facing his hospital, saying he hopes no outbreak hits Wewak as the hospital does not have the manpower to respond to big numbers of patients.

He said a nasty vehicle accident in Wewak last year had left many people dead, but those that survived and required care resulted in the hospital staff doing double shifts because there was not enough staff.

Mr Bird stated that hospitals were not just about buildings but whether they have the health workers to attend to patients. In answering his question, Dr Goa Tau had said the Government had increased the salaries of doctors in PNG through implementing of their awards which has resulted in the reduction of doctors going overseas. Later on, when the Post-Courier asked him whether the Health Department could consider the proposal on the Cuban doctors as one way to address the critical shortage of health workers, he said: “This is a political issue’’, and it was a question that should be put before the Minister for Health Michael Malabag.

Four saved from being burnt alive

Post Courier, July 28, 2015

FOUR people, including two pregnant women, were saved from being burnt to death after being accused of practising sorcery on Lihir Island in New Ireland Province. The four were tortured last Wednesday and almost burnt alive after being accused of practising sorcery in a settlement on the outskirts of the mining township. Fortunately, they were saved by a police rapid response team. The victims were taken to the hospital for treatment and moved to the police cells for their safety while police continued investigations.

Reports from Lihir are sketchy but, according to one eyewitness, the victims are receiving counselling.

“The police rapid response saved them from being burnt,” an eyewitness, who did not want to be named, said.


540 leprosy cases registered

The National, Wednesday July 29th, 2015

THE National Department of Health has confirmed 540 leprosy cases registered by clinics and health centres around the country in 2015.  Despite leprosy no longer a priority public health problem, it still exists in many communities. Miriam Pahun, a technical adviser in the leprosy programme, said that there was a misconception that leprosy had been eradicated.

“Eradication simply means in medical terms that there are no more reported cases of infection reaching the health authorities,” she said. “Unfortunately, it is not quite true in PNG. Leprosy has only being reduced and from our recent statistics many people are affected by this silent disease,” Pahun said. Unlike other diseases, the leprosy germ takes weeks to multiply and usually affects people with a very low immune system, she said. “It will take usually 14 days for the leprosy germ to multiply and three to five years for small circular white patches to appear on the skin. “The patches will look like white spots and is an indication that the leprosy germs are slowly affecting the nerve system, resulting in loss of sensation that lead to disability and clawed hands,” Pahun said.

Sir Paul slams SI Cabinet

The Cabinet has been accused of acting illegally when it decided to channel disaster relief funds through members of parliament instead of channeling them through the National Disaster Management Office (NDMO). Former MP and Speaker of parliament Sir Paul Tovua was critical against government action in disbursing disaster relief funds to members of parliament. He pointed out that NDMO is the legitimate body established by an Act of Parliament to manage and administer disaster relief funds, not MPs. He was referring to the payment of $3.3 million made to 33 MPs whose constituencies suffered the brunt of Cyclone Raquel last month. Each of the 33 members was paid $100,000 to discharge to those affected his/her constituency.

Sir Paul said sarcastically speaking our current members of parliament are more like ATMs machines since they handle large amount of public funds. “The problem with this is, it creates a dependency mindset amongst our people. When they need money, they run straight to the MP. In essence people become dependent on the MP for almost everything” he said. Sir Paul said the saddest aspect of the situation is these constituency funds only goes to supporters or voters of the MPs. He said voters who supported a different candidate who lost in the elections would certainly expect nothing from the MP.

He said often these large number of voters who voted differently are left high and dry for the next four years.

Four million ha of forest remaining

Post Courier, July 29,2015, 06:00 pm

Papua New Guinea rainforest is depleting very fast, according to Forest Minister Douglas Tomuriesa.

He said PNG has the third largest rainforest in the world with an estimated 15 million hectares of forest but the saddest thing is that there is only 4 million hectares remaining. Minister Tomuriesa while debating on the climate change (Management) Bill passed by Parliament yesterday said that PNG has 15 million hectares of rainforest for logging. However about 11 million hectares of the forest has being logged and only four million hectares are remaining and needs to be managed.

“Therefore we must save our forest for the future generation and preserve them to help address issues of green houses and also prepare to mitigate issues of climate change in the world.

Violence against women, a global pandemic’

Solomon Star 29th July

No country in the world has got it right when it comes to gender equality or completely erasing violence against women says Australia Chancellor Roclle White. Speaking yesterday as a key note speaker during the launching of the new toolkit on how to design projects to end violence against women and girls, she said, violence against women and girls is a global pandemic. “Prevalence surveys in the Pacific have shown that the incidence of violence against women is among the worst in the world,” she said. She said, as many as two in three women have experienced physical and or sexual violence by their intimate partner or a family member. She said, even Australia have terrible statistics when it comes to violence against women where she revealed that a third of Australian women over the age of 15 have experienced some form of physical assault where one in five Australian women has experienced sexual assault.

Thanks that change is occurring, including here in the Solomon Islands where she said, governments are advancing legislation, policies and national action plans to end violence against women.

While this is seen as a progress, she stressed out that Pacific Island governments and civil society organizations still find it difficult to access enough funding and resources and need more support and capacity to design and implement projects end violence against women.

More than AUD$7M has been channelled to the fund by Australia to provide grants and capacity-building support programs to end violence against women and girls in Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu, Nauru and Kiribati.


O’Neill eyes law on total gun ban

The National, Monday August 3rd, 2015

PRIME Minister Peter O’Neill wants a total ban of guns in the country. He is talking to Police Commissioner Gari Baki and relevant authorities about tabling a proposed legislation in Parliament on the ban. “We’ve talked with the Police Commissioner and his management team that we should now get all the firearms back into the armoury,” he said. “My thinking is that we should ban firearms completely in the country. We don’t need to carry firearms anywhere for that matter.”

O’Neill said a good example was portrayed during the Pacific Games when no firearms were carried around by security officers. “We must learn from the experience of the Pacific Games. There were close to almost a thousand men and women there. “We made a decision that they will not possess firearms.”

St John to close facility

The National, Monday August 3rd, 2015

The St John Council of PNG has decided to close its Blind Service facility in Port Moresby because of lack of funding from the Government. Director Blind Service Ruth Sangkol said any grant from the Government was meant for health-related work, including administration. “This is effectively implying that blindness is not a health problem and therefore should go,” she said. “This is absurd. How is blindness not a health problem? “We are a recognised inclusive special education centre providing services to the people who are blind or with visual impairment. “Our key services include rehabilitation, education and primary eye and ear care.” It is understood that the council plans to turn the place into a TB and dental clinic as well as  install a dialysis machine for kidney patients.

Drop in baby vaccines

Post Courier, August 04, 2015

IMMUNISATION of children less than one year of age in Papua New Guinea has drastically dropped since 2009 to 42 per cent, way below world standards recommended by the World Health Organisation. The figures were released by Health Secretary Pascoe Kase through a circular dated May 1, 2015, to all provinces and health managers at national level to help arrest the falling figures and announce the introduction of two new vaccines to the country. The two new vaccines are Measles-Rubella and Inactivated Polio. But the worrying figure is PNG‘s immunisation of children under one. The world standards recommended by WHO is at 80 per cent and above, and in 2009, PNG only immunised 55 per cent of its children under one. And five years after that, the figure plummeted with PNG only immunising 42 per cent of its children, 38 per cent worse off from the world standards.

The figures are not getting any better despite the National Department of Health (NDoH) developing a special expanded program on immunisation (EPI) in the National Health Plan 2011-2020, and WHO and the NDoH are trying their very best to elevate the plummeting figures.

The frightening statistics in Lae’s urban health centres of one nurse to 200, 000 patients is a contributing factor of health workers unable to go out on immunisation patrols and delivering quality health care. Poor logistical and financial support from the national, provincial and district headquarters were also blamed for poor immunisation results.

Manam islanders need assistance

Post Courier, August 04, 2015

THE Manam volcano in Madang remains on Stage-two alert following last week’s eruption.

“Things have quietened a bit but there is still some ash emission,” he said.

In stating this he had advised that some awareness should be done by the provincial disaster officials on the ground in Madang to prepare the people on the island, should the situation worsen. Meanwhile, provincial authorities had confirmed that food and water are issues needing urgent attention from the Government. Madang Provincial Disaster and Emergency director Rudolf Mongalee said funding continued to be an issue for the office, adding that he was looking for funds to purchase rations, water containers and tarpaulins to deliver to more than 4000 islanders who are back on the island.

PM O’Neill says enough of Aid industry

Post Courier, August 03, 2015

The Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea, Peter O’Neill has called for a rethink in the way development support is delivered in the Asia-Pacific. PM O’Neill said there has to be a better deal for the taxpayers of contributing countries like Australia, while recipient countries want to ensure support develops real capacity and skills, and is only ever seen as temporary. The Prime Minister said one of the biggest obstacles to effective development support were middlemen who take commissions on aid expenditure. “Development assistance has become a billion dollar ‘industry’ where so much of the goodwill ends up in the pockets of middlemen and expensive consultants,” Peter O’Neill said. “As a developing country we don’t want handouts, we don’t want Australian taxpayer money wasted and we don’t want boomerang aid. “There is a better way to work with our partners and we will develop better arrangements. “Papua New Guinea is changing, we are growing and as a nation of 8 million people we want to move beyond hand-outs and work with our partners to strengthen capacity.” The Prime Minster said in Papua New Guinea there will be a review support arrangements that will save money for contributing countries and deliver capacity and skills in recipient countries. “In 2016 Papua New Guinea will move to a model where our partners will be welcome to fund positions within our Government. “These staff can then work and report through the Papua New Guinea Government system and we will deliver their salaries through arrangements with the donor countries.

Why the short bus routes in Honiara

04 August 2015

THE short bus route in Honiara was triggered by daily targets imposed by Asian bus owners on their drivers and conductors. That was according to a bus driver Timothy Aloga. He disclosed this to the Solomon Star during Monday’s five hour protest by bus drivers and conductors in Honiara against the increasing entry of Asians into the local bus industry. “When you work for a Chinese bus owner; you have no option but to come up with techniques to counter the pressure of hitting daily targets,” Mr Aloga said. “As a result bus drivers turn to operate along short routes to hit their daily targets knowing that if they don’t hit their daily targets, they will be either verbally abused or sacked as the result,” he added. According to the bus drivers who staged the protest, there were about five Chinese bus owners currently running buses in Honiara and they owned more than 100 buses.

Illegal miners invade Porgera

The National, Wednesday August 5th, 2015

MORE than 1000 illegal miners are invading the Porgera gold mine in Enga every day for gold, police say. Highlands division police commander Teddy Tei told The National yesterday that security officers, including police and soldiers were outnumbered by the illegal miners every day and could not control them. He said the illegal miners went directly to the mine pit to look for gold. “The illegal miners wait near the mine and when they hear the blast, they all run like hell in there and get whatever gold they can find,” he said. He said from the report he received recently, one man earned K270,000 from the gold he found at the mine site. “The illegal miners know that the police and soldiers will not shoot to kill them and they have no fear in them,” he said.

Collecting bottles to make ends meet

Post Courier, August 04,2015, 02:00 pm

Collecting empty cans, bottles and plastic bottles to re-sell is increasingly becoming a small revenue maker for ordinary Papua New Guineans. In Mt Hagen, Western Highlands Province, the third city in PNG ‘bottle collecting’ is a rife little business for the grassroots. People of all ages from school aged children to old people collect empty cans and bottles to gain the extra kina for their daily surivival.

Most collect to re-sell while some collect to 500ml bottles to re-fill with water and re-sell after cleaning the bottles. This re-filled water bottles are sold for 50t. It raises fears of health concerns due to fact that many bottles are not cleaned properly. Bottle collecting happens everywhere in the country and Mt Hagen is just one of those provinces.

Phone texting affects spelling

Post Courier, August 10,2015, 01:42 am

CHILDREN were told to read more and spend less time on mobile phones because texting is affecting comprehension and spelling in English for many of them. The message was given at the closing of the 2015 National Book Week in Port Moresby on Friday, hosted by Hagara Primary School.

School board treasurer Mr A Jaima said a lot of people who went to school in the 1960s and 70s went onto become leaders in the country because of the type of education they had. He said it was not the same today and urged the students to read more in order to become successful in future.

“It saddens me to see that many children today do not read books. They carry around mobile phones. As a result, in future they will not know English. How do you expect our country to be prosperous in the future?’’ Mr Jaima said.

He said these days when most children go home, they do not carry books or sit down to read or do their homework, but they are seen playing with phones and talking about other things rather than about school.

“I hear kids speaking a lot in Pidgin but not in English.’’

He said mobile phones should be used by children for only communication purposes so that they have time for reading and other things that will enable them to do well in future.

“If you spend so much time on books, you will become powerful. If you spend less time, you will be powerless,’’ he said.

Govt and church relations important

Post Courier, August 12,2015, 01:09 am

EFFECTIVE partnership between churches and the Government is important to effectively address the increased law and order problems affecting young people in recent times. Concerned leaders of the PNG Church Partnership Program Church Leaders Council stressed this during its first meeting for the financial year 14 to 15 recently in Port Moresby. The leaders called on the Government to partner with the churches to address social problems which, they claimed, were escalating at a very fast rate.

“We have noted that there is an increased in law and order problems related to sorcery killings, drug and alcohol, cult practices in schools and school violence in tertiary, secondary and primary institutions. “We acknowledge that many of those involved in these issues are members of our congregations,” they said in a statement. With the vision to enhance the capacity of the PNG Churches to contribute to PNG development and social stability, they said they are in a good place to be part of the solution to the issues. According to the leaders, a number of factors contributing to these social concerns extending to poverty, lack of employment opportunities, increased urban migration have been recognised.

Women’s group to clean airport

The National, Wednesday August 12th, 2015

A GROUP of women in Western Highlands will clean and maintain the Kagamuga airport as part of a three-year plan to help themselves. They formed the Kagamuga Inter-Denomination Mothers Association Incorporated to help in their development. The three-year plan includes increasing its membership, promote God’s Word in the communities, organise church activities, promote working and farming attitude. They plan to invite non-government organisations and donor agencies to educate mothers in sewing, cooking, running businesses and family planning because most of them were unskilled and illiterate. Hagen rural local level government councillor Luke Mathew gave K1000 for them to open a bank account. “I believe what you are doing will bring changes to the people of Yamka-Pepka tribe and help maintain the standard of the Kagamuga airport,” he said.

Huge cutbacks threaten to decimate PNG’s universities

16 August 2015

THE vice-chancellor of the PNG University of Technology, Prof Albert Schram, has told Radio New Zealand International that the PNG Treasury has announced that all universities will have their funds cut by 40% for the rest of 2015. The disclosure follows recent independent analysis of the nation’s budget which, despite denials from prime minister Peter O’Neill, shows significant revenue problems. Paradoxically, Mr O’Neill indicated last week that a slump in the economy would somehow be good for PNG. He agreed with ANZ Bank chief Mike Smith that the resources boom allowed PNG to paper over weaknesses in the system and so the downturn now is “not such a bad thing.”

Too many people had become complacent about forecasts that the country would grow by up to 20% this year, Mr O’Neill said. But he also gave assurances that the government “won’t be resorting to indiscriminate budget cutting” which followed an earlier government commitment that educational institutions would not be impacted by budget cuts. But it seems these assurances were paper thin, and that money is rapidly running out for the delivery of government services across the board.

Prof Schram warned that courses or teachers at Unitech might need to be cut if the funding cutbacks are not reversed. “All the university bursars this year were called to Treasury on 10 June and cuts of 40% for the rest of the year were announced,” Prof Schram told Don Wiseman of RNZI.

PNG Treasury had also applied monthly transfers of funds rather than providing them for a longer period which made it “very difficult to run the university.”

Most people live in settlements

The National, Monday August 17th, 2015

ABOUT 60 per cent of residents in Port Moresby and 50 per cent in Lae live in squatter settlements, an official says. Office of Urbanisation director Max Kep said the lack of decent and proper housing for people in towns and cities was a major problem. He said the 60 per cent of residents in Port Moresby and 50 per cent of those in Lae in squatter settlements deserved decent homes.

“These percentages could increase if the Government does not intervene (now),” Kep said.

“We need to stop and review how things are going at this point.”

300,000 lives at stake

The National, Monday August 17th, 2015

Chief Secretary Sir Manasupe Zurenuoc says up to 300,000 people in the Highlands will be affected by the prolonged drought. He said that when confirming that Kandep, in Enga, had been hard hit by frost last week, adding that six of the seven Highlands provinces had been hit hard by the drought.

Eastern Highlands has not been affected. An emergency meeting will be held today to discuss ways of dealing with this crisis. He said reports had only come in about Mt Wilhem in Chimbu, being hard hit by drought while other provinces were yet to give in their reports. “Up to 300,000 people (in the Highlands) may be affected and we will confirm this as the figures start coming in,” Sir Manasupe said.

Drug abuse a major problem in PNG

The National, Monday August 17th, 2015

DRUG abuse is a major problem among youths in the country, according to the narcotics bureau acting coordinator Lawrence Tau. “Drugs, especially marijuana and hombrew, have destroyed our youths,” Tau said. “Youths are throwing their lives to drugs and are doing a lot of things that are uncalled for in their communities. “Drug-related crimes are on the rise and need Government attention and rapid intervention.” He said the Government had tried to curb the problem but it still continued.

“If we fail to address the problem now then, we are facing a bigger problem in future,” Tau said.

“We cannot have a population where all young people are taking home-brew and marijuana. We want quality future leaders with sound minds.” He said education and special skills training for unemployed youths was a good option.

Frost disaster

Post Courier, August 18, 2015

MORE than 300,000 people in Enga have been hit by what is described as “the worst frost disaster” in the province in more than 40 years. Enga Administrator Samson Amean who called an emergency meeting yesterday with the provincial disaster and emergency committee said entire food gardens have been destroyed, especially in Kandep district.

“The entire Kandep district is flattened. This is a worst ever frost disaster that Enga has faced in recent years. Surely, it is worse than the 1972 disaster,” he said. Mr Amean said the province was also feeling the effects of the prolonged drought and the frost simultaneously. “We will face the worst of the worst in terms of shortage of water and garden food if the current drought and the frost continue for the next two weeks,” he said.

Governor admits no funds for Manam relief

Post Courier, August 19, 2015

GOVERNOR Jim Kas has admitted the Madang provincial government does not have money to buy relief supplies for the people of Manam. The second batch of supplies are due to be delivered this week however, concerns had been raised by the islanders that the supply would only last a few meals.

For the people on this disaster stricken area this does not spell good news especially with all their water sources either contaminated or dried up and their food gardens now destroyed and families without any means of an income to buy from markets let alone shops. The question that is now hanging is if the second batch is the last? And what will become of them especially the young children whose meal and water intake have been drastically reduced to just one per day.

“Is this (relief supply) just a one off thing or will there be more especially now that our food gardens and water sources are destroyed by the effects of both the El Nino and eruption,” was the common statement echoed by those interviewed.

Women tortured for alleged witchcraft

The National, Thursday August 20th, 2015

TWO women were tortured with hot iron bars after being accused of practising witchcraft, which allegedly led to a man’s death. Acting provincial police commander Senior Inspector Mas Tuman said the incident happened last Monday at Kawe village in the Imbonggu district of Southern Highlands.

Tuman said five women and a man were accused of practising witchcraft, which led to the death of Jack Wambia, a community health worker in the village. He said the villagers after conducting their own investigation blamed the death on the two women. They set them alight and tortured them with hot iron bars. He said the two women were later taken to the Mendi General Hospital. He said one was discharged later while the other was admitted. Tuman said last Monday, the man died after his pig attacked him. Tuman said the whole community was involved and it was hard to identify the suspects.

He urged the people to respect others living in their community and not to attack them for no good reason. He said sorcery-related incidents must be stopped and people should not take the law into their own hands. He said they would ensure that all those who broke the law were hauled before the court.

US Government condemns public sorcery ‘trial’‘trial’-shp

The United States Government has spoken out in protest at an alleged sorcery torture public show in the Southern Highlands in the past week. Four people were put through a public session of beatings and torture as they were alleged to have caused the deaths of other people through sorcery.

The US Embassy in Port Moresby last night issued a denunciation of the event. The statement “deplores the brutal violence inflicted on three women and one man over the last week in Mendi. The public humiliation, beating, and burning of these individuals with hot rods following accusations of sorcery in the villages of Kave and Kumin in the Southern Highlands Province is reprehensible’’.

The statement issued by the embassy said: “We call on the provincial police authorities to investigate and prosecute those responsible for these senseless acts and for the appropriate resources and attention to be dedicated to addressing these crimes. “Too often this sort of violence goes unreported and occurs without the perpetrators being held accountable. Adequate and timely response by the police and judicial system is needed to deter future crimes and hold perpetrators responsible for their actions.

“The United States calls for the strengthening of Papua New Guinea’s criminal justice system to allow for enhanced prevention and response efforts and proper enforcement of existing criminal laws. Furthermore, we ask the Papua New Guinean government, public, and civil society to say no to violence in their communities and put an end to the stigmas that lead to it. “Our thoughts are with the victims’ families and children during this difficult time.’’

One of the World’s Worst Places for Women Gets Its First Domestic Abuse Hotline

Counselors in Papua New Guinea will be available for 12 hours a day, seven days a week.

Until just two years ago, domestic violence wasn’t even considered a criminal offense in the island nation. Although physical mistreatment abuse is punishable by fines and jail time, a slow shift in societal norms has left women and children vulnerable. Hoping to offer support and options to families in danger, a free domestic violence hotline launched on Wednesday. The toll-free line offers trauma counseling along with referrals for local support, including safe houses, law enforcement, and legal assistance.

Along with supporting the victims, Papua New Guinean counselors will also offer their services to those perpetrating the abuse in order to address the root cause of the country’s culture of violence.

“There are many good people who, for whatever reason, commit bad acts,” said Aydelfe Salvadora, the program’s manager. “We understand that speaking to someone on either side of the issue may help improve the situation.”

No to death penalty

Post Courier August 24, 2015

THE Catholic Archdiocese of Port Moresby has intensified lobby among its followers for a petition opposing the death penalty. It plans to hand the petition to Parliament when it sits in October.

The Catholic Church opposes the death penalty which is in review by the Government following international condemnation of Indonesia’s execution of the two ring leaders of the Bali Nine drug syndicate early this year. Twelve people are on death row in Papua New Guinea, although the instruments for the executions have not been signed. Port Moresby Archbishop John Ribat said that the Catholic Church would continue to voice concern and opposition to death penalty in PNG. He said the law on death penalty was against the sanctity of life and PNG being pre-dominantly a Christian nation could not have laws that did not respect human life.

“The Government has no right to take away life. Only God gives life and can take life,’’ he said.

The St Joseph Parish at Boroko organised a seminar last Saturday to garner support against the death penalty. It was attended by academics, lawyers, members of the clergy and university students, among others.

They said that no one had the right to take someone else’s life, especially the Government which was considering it in light of increase in serious crime. They said that life sentence was sufficient for serious crimes. Catholic Professionals Society president Paul Harricknen said in his presentation that the church recognised the right of the State to legislate and make laws under the Constitution it would be difficult for the State to justify that death penalty is the only alternative or the last resort to deter crime. “The church teaching does not advocate death penalty,’’ he said. “Death penalty is not new to PNG. There are already many extra-judicial killings by State’s law enforcement personnel and unlawful killings by people, including sorcery-related killings. Death penalty and the execution of death sentences will not make much difference,’’ he said.

Mr Harricknen said under the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act 2013 there were four ways of executing death penalty – hanging by the neck, electrocution, lethal injection, and deprivation of oxygen. “All of these methods were potentially cruel, inhumane and inconsistent with respect for the inherent dignity of the human person under section 36 of the Constitution,’’ he said.

Govt urged to defer 40th celebrations

Post Courier, August 21, 2015

THE K25 million allocated for the Independence Day celebrations should be used to assist people affected by frost which has been triggered by the El Nino, says Opposition Leader Don Polye.

He is concerned that people are starving due to food shortage. “The Government should delay the 40th Independence Day celebrations to a later date,” he said in a statement. Mr Polye took the Government to task for being insensitive to the needs of the victims affected by disaster on hand, triggered by the El Nino conditions. He questioned why K25 million was allocated for the anniversary celebrations while frost-affected victims will have nothing to celebrate.

SOE declared. Severe drought and frost affects SHP

Post Courier, August 19, 2015

GOVERNOR William Powi has declared a state of emergency in Southern Highlands Province as severe frost and drought destroyed food gardens and water sources. Mr Powi and his provincial executive council have met in Mendi this week and assessed the situation as “very critical” – one which needs urgent National Government attention. This Highlands Province is in urgent need of food supplies, water, clean toilets and basic health services since it was hit by frost and drought four weeks ago. More than 500,000 people are affected, including school-aged children. Hospitals, homes, families and businesses have little or no water for drinking, cooking, toilets, showers and washing.

Letter from Catholic Bishops on Drought and Frost


We Are Resourceful People

Much of Papua New Guinea and parts of Solomon Islands are experiencing a time of drought and in some places frost. Water is short and for many people food sources are becoming depleted. This is a time to draw upon our traditional Melanesian values of sharing and hospitality, and particularly on the Christian virtues of charity, honesty and justice. This is not a time for some to benefit from other’s misfortune, but rather an opportunity to demonstrate our resourcefulness and concern for one another.

Water flowing in rivers has it’s source in rain coming from the heavens. It does not belong to anyone. So it is wrong if some people with access to rivers charge money for those people without river access to get water. River water is for the common good.

Likewise, now is not a time for some who are relatively unaffected by drought and frost to inflate prices for garden food or seedlings and to make a large profit from those who are less fortunate. Nor is it right to take advantage of people who have to leave their homes to take refuge elsewhere. Any form of profiteering from this tragedy is unjust and unacceptable.

Now as we begin celebrations for PNG’s forty years of Independence, this is surely a time to show our resourcefulness and concern for one another. Like the people of Israel wandering 40 years in the desert, we place our trust in God who will always care for his people, and in Jesus who showed us that he can transform what little we have into great abundance as long as we are willing to share. We do not have to be beggars. There is enough in this great land for all to share. Before thinking about storegoods from overseas, we should think of our own reserves and first see how much unaffected areas can help with garden produce. We can use disaster funds to first purchase kaukau and greens etc. from our neighbours and transport them to the affected areas, rather than waiting for rice and noodles.

We also need to warn people of the danger of fire, not to light fires unnecessarily, and to be particularly careful that fires do not get out of hand and threaten people or their homes, and also the forests. Forest creatures and the forests themselves are also suffering at this time.

Let us pray to God the Lord of all creation that this time of frost and drought will end soon and that with God’s help we will emerge from this trial stronger and more resourceful people, proving once again our great capacity to share with those less fortunate than ourselves.

Bishop Arnold Orowae,

President of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference PNG/SI

19 August 2015

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Social Concerns Notes – July 2015

Bishop: Sports builds bonds and unity

Post Courier, July 01,2015, 02:49 am

WITH the Pacific Games a few days ahead, the Catholic bishops offer a reflection on the value of sports and ways Papua New Guinea can benefit from it. Catholic Bishops Conference PNG and the Solomon Islands president Bishop Arnold Orowae said the church recognises sports as one of the great institutions of our society. It helps individuals realise their human potential and builds up the bonds of the community, fostering communal initiative and responsibility. Bishop Orowae said sports contributes to physical and mental health and wellbeing of the players. “It teaches people, particularly young people, skills and resilience. When youth become involved in sport, they devote their energies to teaming together in a healthy environment, forgetting about antisocial activities such as violence and crime,” he said. “Sports bring people together in new ways. Parents and teachers volunteer their time to organise events. Women may be spectators in many public events, but with sports in the village, in games such as volleyball and basketball, they play equally along with males.

[See the full statement as the last item in these Social Concerns Notes]

Pacific games: A time to reflect on our attitudes for the better

Post Courier, July 22, 2015,

The Catholic Professionals Society of PNG said the 2015 Pacific Games have brought about attitude change among the people across the nation. The organization further stated that the Games should be used to reflect on the people’s attitude for a better society in the future.

President Paul Harricknen said …the government, the security personnel, organizing committee, the people and the thousands of volunteers are to be congratulated for the successful and peaceful events ever staged. He said one of the notable observations from the events is the positive attitude of the people. He said the event brought PNG together as a nation and just about every person wanted to show case the quality and character of the people and country. “We have proven that our people are capable of rising to bigger and higher occasions. On this note I wish to add my congratulations to our people with confidence, prayer, and hope that this Pacific games which preceded our 40 years independence celebrations on 16 September 2015 can be the platform and the start of change in the mindset, hearts and attitudes of our people where we can assert our place and sovereignty as people and nation.

‘It also means that we must be weary of attitudes and ideologies which can undermine our beliefs and values which have been built over centuries and decades of our existence. We must be prepared to say no to ways and ideas that go against our beliefs, our history, our identity and character as a people. We must not repeat the mistake of altering our National Anthem for example. We must not replace our history and legacy in meddling with the names of our founding Fathers such as happened to the name of Sir John Guise Stadium during the games for reasons of mere money and fame”, he said.”

“Our nation is built on the foundations set by our forefathers, and foremothers who drew from the riches and blessings of our Melanesian cultures and traditions and the Christian beliefs we have adopted. They are our identity. Let us embrace them with joy and hope for a better people and nation as we celebrate our 40 years of nationhood within the global society, Harricknen said.

The Real Cost …

(Lawrence Stephens – Facebook)

We are assured that the new Pacific Games facilities, built at the cost of life saving medical equipment and much more, will be well maintained. Seeking approval to bury a 15 year old girl whose life would probably have been longer if we invested more readily and honestly in life sustaining facilities, I was put through the incredible paper chase, starting at around 9am, with the luxury of my own vehicle. From Waigani, where we learnt that the sign identifying the Coroner’s Office was out of date, to the new office in Boroko and a delay of only an hour and half until the coroner’s burial permission was printed out, back to Waigani (imagining the stress to families on foot and public transport following the same confused process) to the cash office of the city authority who directed us to the Burial’s Office, down the road, to have an invoice issued, then back to the Cash Office to pay for a spot in the graveyard, finally reaching this door towards the end of the day. (Photo shown of a rather dirty entrance) …It is the official office of several city authorities including that of the “Burials Clerk” and health officials. If the city authorities can’t keep the office clean what hope do we have of them keeping the new sporting facilities maintained? If indeed we can hope that they have the funds and commitment to maintain them, what will it cost? And will this also be a cost, which may in fact not actually translate to real work, met by diverting funds away from the public health budget and other urgent social needs around the country?

Grace Waide‪ (facebook) A friend of mine lost her life while waiting at the A& E for well over 3 days without being seen to.. so it makes me very very angry that we are patting our own backsides about the games when many are dying for lack of the most basic health and paitent care in the main Port Moresby Hospital..if this is the situation at Pom Gen, what hope is there for all others in other centres?

Govt to pay millions of kina to PNG winning athletes

Post Courier, July 7, 2015

The PNG government is about to fork out some more millions of kina as incentives to PNG athletes who win Gold, silver and bronze medals in this year’s XV Pacific Games. Minister for Sport and Pacific Games Justin Tkatchenko said the incentives was only for the athletes and not the respective coaches, manager or trainers including team officials  for that matter.

The minister said this after inviting PNG open women’s touch football team after their tremendous golden victory over Samoa to take a photo with the Prime Minister’s wife, Lady Linda Babao at the Bisini sporting oval. I think these incentives will help the players to work ahead and this has been approved by the NEW, “the minister said. Recently the Prime Minister Peter O’Neill said teams or a player that wins a medal during the Pacific Games will be rewarded. He said for every gold, an individual athlete will get K20, 000 while the silver gets K10, 000 and bronze K5000 respectively

He added that many tend to forget that unlike many other countries, our local athletes usually go about unsponsored and in need of funding. “The least we can do for their personal efforts and sacrifice in putting us on the map and giving the country prestige is to at least give them something in return.”

Incentives for athletes but what about the injustices of our country

PRIME Minister Peter O’Neill has announced that athletes who did not win any medals during the 2015 Pacific Games will each receive K2,500 as an incentive for their efforts. Well, I congratulate Mr O’Neill for the initiative and the plan to develop sports in Papua New Guinea. Through sport the government will be able to combat increasing crime. But, before the honourable prime minister does this, could his government locate sporting facilities in every district of PNG down to village level so we can develop the best and most talented sport men and women to national and even international level? Millions of kina were spent on the 2015 Pacific Games. While watching the Games live on EMTV, I was proud of my country men and women competing against the neighbouring Pacific nations. But, while the Games were going on, at our hospital mothers was suffering in labour. One from remote Finschhafen district of Morobe Province; another from the remote Ambunti district of East Sepik. Could the same effort involved in developing the Pacific Games be put into our remote area health services where people desperately need them? The prime minister said some people were “too blind to see the sacrifices” of the athletes even though their eyes were open. What about sacrifices and hardships faced in remote areas in regard to basic government services: health, education, road infrastructure and the rest? Is he too blind to see these sacrifices. Is this not an injustice?

Individuals inclined to remain silent on corruption

Post Courier, July 02, 2015

A STUDY which involved more than 1800 interviews in nine of 21 provinces also showed that growing distrust in anti-corruption bodies meant individuals were inclined to remain silent in the face of corruption. According to Australia’s Pacific Beat, researcher Grant Walton, from the Australian National University, said the PNG Government’s recent attempts to wind down anti-corruption bodies in the country appear to have had wider ramifications. “The more educated people are the more likely and willing they are to report corruption. “What we’re finding is that formal education and awareness raising efforts about corruption are really important, but what’s also important is the role of the state in addressing corruption,” Mr Walton said. Papua New Guinea has recently rolled back a number of corruption-fighting measures, including defunding Taskforce Sweep and cancelling contracts of corruption fighters. Such moves have seen public enthusiasm for reporting corruption weakens, the researchers say.

For the full report see:,%20Grant%20Papua%20New%20Guinean%20interpretations%20of%20corruption%20

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SHP forests under threat of logging

Post Courier, July 01, 2015

The huge forest in East Pangia forest management area in Southern Highlands Province is under threat of being logged. This is after 86 incorporated land groups from the area, which is of dense tropical rain forest, said they have heard of logging in the area. The chairmen of the 86 ILGs during a gathering last week in their area said they have heard of logging companies having an interest in logging in their forest which they said they do not want. The spokesmen of all the chairmen Alex Kaima, Peter Arome, John Conlay, Kondowa Kelupai and Mobia Lome, from the West Kambia side of the forest said during the gathering that they have declared their forest as preservation and conservation area and the office of climate change have recognised it. “Our ILG certificates were collected by the Office of climate change for the engagement of our forest in carbon trade,” Mr Arome said. “We do not want any logging company to come and do logging in our forest and disturb the environment and ecosystems.” The 86 ILG chairmen of East Pangia forest management said they have heard of reports that a Madang based logging company is taking interest in logging and said they do not want that to happen.

Catholic church delivers rural services

Post Courier, July 01, 2015

The Catholic health services is a major partner in the delivery of health & HIV responses for the government of PNG and Australia is proud to support its work in Port Moresby and across the country. Australian Deputy High Commissioner to PNG Ms Bronte Moules said on Monday during the opening of the St Paul’s Clinic at Gerehu Stage 6 in National Capital district. Ms Moules said the church health services reach settlements and rural villages across the country through 65 sites in 20 Provinces. She said the church health services also delivers broad range of programs, including maternal and child health, communicable disease, counselling, prevention and support and community engagement. Ms Moules said the opening of the clinic demonstrates the commitment by both the Government of Australian and Government of PNG in investing in the health of the people of PNG.

“Today we are opening a clinic that will significantly improve the access to health care for the people of Gerehu. “The clinic that is being opened today is the result of an investment by the Australian and PNG Governments of nearly K1.5 million. “It is a worthwhile investment,” Ms Moules said.

Hope for young Mums

The National, 1st July, 2015

Teenage pregnancy should not be covered up anymore, a father of four daughters said. He said he knew it was a sensitive issue that needed addressing in the open to cushion its stigma. Purago Marabe, an artist from Eastern Highlands, was thankful to the Safe Motherhood Alliance or Small PNG organisation for using his artwork to portray young women in fear and anguish when undergoing unplanned pregnancy. “As a father of four girls, I am honoured to be part of this project called ‘Blooming Teens’ to paint and feel the situation young girls face and help raise awareness to prevent teenage pregnancy,” he said. Marabe said at the launching of belly casts modelled by young women in their third trimester pregnancy, which Marabe and seven other artists would paint to tell the story behind each cast. Another artist, Tony Evennette, said that his involvement in casting for teenage unplanned pregnancy was a way of saying sorry on behalf of men and to contribute to the society through the project. Organisation patron Dame Carol Kidu, who opened the project last Friday in Port Moresby, said it was interesting to see that most of the painters were men. “This in itself it’s a good turnout as male painters will have to connect with each cast and story that they paint so they feel and understand the situation of the young girl. It’s sad when young women are so desperate that when they have a pregnancy, they consider taking their own lives. I encourage families and communities to take care of girls who fall pregnant early,” she said. Programme development manager Catherine Fokes said they were casting 12 young women who each had a story of anguish to tell.

Midwifery Trainers Needed

The National, 1st July, 2015

The country needs more midwifery trainers to teach midwives how to prevent and reduce child and maternal mortality cases in the country, according to a consultant. Heather Gulliver, a clinical midwifery facilitator with the University of Technology in Sydney, has been involved in the auditing and proof-reading of the midwifery curriculum for the Bachelor of Midwifery Programme at the Divine Word University campus at St Mary’s School of Nursing in East New Britain. She had worked in Eastern Highlands, Madang and East New Britain. She said challenges in reproductive health in PNG were universal and there was a big shortfall in health workers. “Community health workers are holding up maternal health services across PNG.  Another area where there is a shortfall in PNG is educators that are in the position to offer midwifery education,” she said. Gulliver said this was an issue at the other four institutions offering bachelor programmes in midwifery, which had struggled to recruit staff. “We are here to build capacity and it is quite difficult when we do not have adequate staff,” she said. However she said the foundation of the midwifery programme at St Mary’s School of Nursing was very strong as it was the first institution to offer child maternal health in 1958. The midwifery programme was funded by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. It has been developed in conjunction with the Department of Health, World Health Organisation, University of Technology and the PNG Nursing Council.

Woman tortured

The National, July 6th, 2015

A WOMAN from Chimbu was tortured and slashed with bush knives in Madang on Saturday after her relatives suspected her of practising witchcraft. The tortured woman identified herself as Baby Nebare, 45 and from Goi village in the Nemane-Karamui area in Chimbu. Nebare said she had seven children and left them with her husband at home to go to Madang to buy betel nuts to sell in Chimbu.

A relative, Robert Bomai, said Nebare purposely went to Madang to kill him over issues related to land ownership. Two other women allegedly conspired with Nebare. Bomai said he found out about the woman’s intention through a dream he had last Wednesday. He said it was known in Chimbu that women practicing witchcraft targeted people on the 7th, 14th, 21st and 28th of each month. He claimed he was to be killed on July 14. Bomai said he questioned Nebare about her intention but Nebare denied it. He said she admitted it when other relatives at the Baglau settlement  gathered and threatened to kill her. “I am not a sanguma (witch), I falsely admitted I am one because they wanted to kill me, they will kill me if I don’t admit,” Nebare said. Bomai’s male relatives slashed Nebare with bush knives and beat her with sticks.

Liquor ban lift turns sour

Solomon Star, 30 June 2015

AS the liquor ban was lifted in Honiara on Saturday, the capital has experienced a noisy and disturbing atmosphere as drunkards patrolling the streets and communities causing public annoyances.

Reports reaching this paper said, that pubs and bottle shops in Honiara were very busy with people buying alcoholic beverages after the lift of the liquor ban. The ban was effective as of Friday 19th June as Honiara hosted the 20thMelanesian Spearhead Group leaders’ summit.

An officer from the Central Police station confirmed to the Solomon Star yesterday that the police custody is filled up with mostly drunkards compared to the past weekends. He added that, he cannot confirm the number of arrests made but it is believed most of the arrests were alcohol related. This came after the liquor ban was lifted over the weekend.

Staff of the National Referral Hospital’s Emergency ward also confirmed a number of cases where people are taken to the hospital to receive medical attention throughout Saturday night and Sunday morning. This paper understands that the liquor ban was also questioned by pub and bottle owners as well as the Solomon Islands Chamber of Commerce & Industry (SICCI) the peak representative of the private sector in Solomon Islands saying that the loss of business to small business owners is their concern. However, the lift of the ban turned sour as people ended up in police custody and also at the hospital with matters related to alcohol.


Winds of change: Are they blowing PNG good or bad?

WHEN the Communist Bloc started to crumble in the latter part of the 1980s, these climactic events were said to have been triggered by a “wind of change” blowing across the USSR and Eastern Europe at that time. In the same sense Papua New Guinea’s development and economic progress in the last decade or so can be said to be the result of a similar phenomenon of rapid transformation. Favourable international economic conditions have enabled Port Moresby to transform into a thriving city, a symbol of what prime minister Peter O’Neill recently said was an endeavor to transform PNG into the “most powerful nation in the Pacific”. National Capital District Governor Powes Parkop has described these enormous developments as the result of the “wind of change” blowing through PNG.

While such statements may provide a glimpse of the future of the national capital and PNG at large, unfortunately they are far removed from the reality on the ground. The wind of change may well be blowing but for most folks in remote villages and urban settlements they mean little. Most people view the government with suspicion and distrust.

Whilst things may look positive on the outside, on the inside many people are confused and anxious about the future. For too long they have been tricked into believing in policies that brought no tangible change to their lives. Perhaps we can hope that these recent developments are signs of better things to come. Perhaps, like every law abiding and patriotic citizen, I hope that the massive infrastructure development in Port Moresby will instill a sense of responsibility and pride in the minds of our people.

In saying that, I am mindful that for most people the daily struggle poses a major barrier to change. The sight of mothers and youths selling their meagre possessions under the sparkling new flyover bridge is a daily occurrence.

Not far away from PNG’s first flyover is a small messy area recently taken over as a market. It is buzzing with betel nut vendors. This filthy place has already drawn the attention of city authorities and, as the Pacific Games kicked off, the sound of teargas canisters thundering into the locale could be heard for miles around. It was a reminder that, for most of our people, change is not so personally transformational. While the government has injected massive amount of money into building world class sporting facilities for the Pacific Games, the main source of energy, electricity, is still a big problem for most settlements and villages in PNG. This important marker of modernisation is not accessible by most Papua New Guineans. Access to it is so difficult and costly where I live that most settlers resort to illegal connections. … Transforming Port Moresby into a modern city is commendable, however its development has come at a high price for other provinces. It has also resulted in an influx of migrants from rural areas. We are experiencing rapid rural-urban migration such as we never saw before. …

[For the full article, access the url above]

Log exports reach new peak despite government promises June 29, 2015

Papua New Guinea’s raw log exports reached a new high in 2014 despite numerous government policies on sustainable development, increasing downstream processing, ending round log exports and canceling the SABL leases. Much of the increase in log exports has come from clear-fell logging in Special Agriculture and Business Lease area – something the Commission of Inquiry described as illegal and which the government promised to stop in 2013.

In 2014 log exports reached 3.8 million cubic metres, after growing steadily from 2.3 million in 2005.

In all 30% of log exports were from areas logged under Forest Clearance Authorities issued under SABL. The logging in these areas is being allowed to continue despite the clear evidence these land/resource deals were illegal, particularly as as they are not based on the approval of the customary land owners, and there was certainly no free and informed consent. Nearly all the logs, some 88% or 3.34 million cubic metres, was shipped to China for domestic use and re-export as processed timber and finished products. Taun is the timber with the largest export volume recorded (around 16% of the total) followed by kwila (8%). West New Britain is the largest source of logs exports – accounting for 23% of the total – followed by East New Britain (18%, largely from SABLs). Then West Sepik (17%).

The largest single logging project, by far, is Rimbunan Hijau’s Sigite Mukus operation, in East New Britain. This is an SABL/FCA under the company name Gilford Limited.

Australian Officer Donates K3,000 to Centre

The National, 7th July, 2015

An Australian police officer with the help of family and colleagues has donated more than K3000 to Life PNG Care (LPNGC). Detective Sergeant Michelle Harris, who is part of the Papua New Guinea-Australia Policing Partnership, went to LPNGC centre at Gerehu last Friday and made the presentation. The money came purposely to assist the centre in its fundraising drive to buy a bus for the 22 children going to school. Harris was motivated to make the donation because her grandfather Keith Wilson, who recently passed away in Australia, was an orphan. Her grandfather was pleased when he heard that she has been in contact with some disadvantaged children, who were in the care of LPNGC. Instead of taking flowers to the Wilson’s funeral, the family decided to take money so they could donate it to a nominated charity. “Now the families say ‘please don’t bring flowers and if you want to do something, you donate some money. We ask them not to bring flowers but money to give to you (children at LPNGC) so the friends and families, and some colleagues here helped me to donate the money towards the efforts in buying a bus,” a delighted Harris said.

Envoy: PNG to Miss Goals.

The National, 10th July, 2015

A diplomat has warned that Papua New Guinea will not meet any United Nations millennium development goals because living standards in rural areas have not improved. United States Ambassador Walter North said: “There is still more domestic violence and poverty in PNG.” He was addressing a women’s leadership symposium in Kokopo, East New Britain yesterday. North, therefore, urged educated PNG women to take the lead in assisting women in the rural areas. “Educated women in PNG have the tools to assist their families and communities. I believe that women in PNG have the power to make that commitment and drive the change needed. I know that women in this country will not lose hope. They will keep on learning. They can transform this country from the land of the unexpected to a better place.”

Used Clothing a Profitable Business

Post – Courier, 9th July, 2015

Used clothing is a very profitable business, that is yielding for its operators very high returns in Papua New Guinea. This is according to a market research conducted by the National Development Bank (NDB). NDB Managing Director and Chairman for NDB investments limited Moses Liu highlighted this during the opening of the Style Stret shop yesterday in Port Moresby. “We found that while most store goods are controlled items meaning the markup you can charge on them is fixed; used clothing on the other hand is very different. Bales of clothing were sold by weighting kilograms and inside each bale would be several hundred or thousands of pieces of clothing.” He said the used clothing industry is booming in PNG and many locals who started in this humble business have gone on to be very successful. Even though it is not as glamorous as other businesses it is a cash cow and has higher returns than most other businesses that operate.

TB biggest health test

The National, July 10th, 2015

MANY deaths in health facilities in Simbu are related to Tuberculosis and HIV, according to the provincial disease controller Steven Show. He said TB was the biggest health challenge in the province and country and was causing deaths in hospitals and health centres. Show revealed this following three days of intensive health facilities performance quarterly reviews in Chuave district.

“TB/HIV are causing many deaths according to the reports from the six districts of Simbu,” Show said. “We are now embarking on a massive TB/HIV awareness campaign in the districts starting with Chuave and Kundiawa,” Show said.

Mission offers care, shelter to poor youth

The National, Monday July 13th, 2015

City Mission, a charity non-governmental organisation, provides more than 1000 meals daily and accommodates 400-plus underprivileged, mistreated youths through its new life-skill training centre, an official says. Executive assistant of the charity home, Dorothy Koch-Waluta said the organisation had opened its doors in 1993 with a broad aim to house, feed and offer spiritual direction to troubled young men on the streets of Port Moresby. This quickly expanded with the addition of Mirigeda Farm where the young men could get away from the temptations of the city. “This farm is now the facility for new life-skills training focusing on training and rehabilitating the young men spiritually, mentally and physically,” Koch-Waluta said. She said about 320 young men were involved in the programme in Port Moresby and Lae, the only two operating centre. “About 50 per cent of these young men have no formal education, 10 per cent have made it at least to school while 40 per cent had a little bit of education but through this programme they were able to acquire skills training to sustain themselves.”

She said following successful operation in the nation’s capital, City Mission started in Lae with the opening of the Suambu New Life Plantation in 2006.  Buablung Hostel complemented the new life plantation by offering transitional housing for the young men who found work in town.

Oral cancer rising: Surgeon

The National, Tuesday July 14th, 2015

THERE has been an overwhelming increase in oral cancer patients in recent years and the statistics are alarming, a doctor says. Health Department’s chief of dentistry Dr Matupi Apaio, who is the only oral maxillofacial surgeon in the country, said they were now seeing at least a case per week – a worrying trend. “The number of cancer patients has dramatically increased especially mouth cancer patients in the country,” he said. “Previously, only one or two (cases) will come in months at a time.

“Many referrals around the country don’t get sent in because they are at the late stages. Only the cases that are manageable are sent to Port Moresby.” He said the negligence of proper oral hygiene and poor dietary changes were to be blamed for tooth decay and poor gums. They eventually led to mouth cancer and other diseases of the mouth. “We are at a stage were lifestyle diseases are killing people in the country so we should all have to be cautious about what we eat,” he said. “Refined sugar will not only cause tooth decay but it will draw other medical problems such as high blood pressure and diabetes. “So diet is the most important factor to regulate and maintain our health.”

Gold Ridge mine: Toxic tailings dam on the brink of overflow; environmentalists fear mass contamination ABC News.

As heavy rain continues to fall in the Solomon Islands following Tropical Cyclone Raquel last week, fears the Gold Ridge mine’s toxic tailings dam will overflow are starting to intensify. The local government declared the area a disaster zone, but experts fear hardly enough precautions are being taken to prevent looming disaster to surrounding communities. The Gold Ridge tailings dam contains millions of tonnes of hazardous chemicals like cyanide and arsenic, and was purportedly not designed to accommodate overstrain. An overflow would heavily contaminate the water supplies for the many people living downstream from the site whose livelihood depends on the same water supply. The damn now sits at 20 centimetres below maximum capacity.

Lawrence Makili, the Earth Island Institute’s Solomon Islands director, said while some landowners were aware of the rising situation, the majority were not even aware anything was happening or the danger they potentially faced. “Only those who are aware of the risk or the dangers of what is going to happen are preparing at the moment,” Mr Makili said. He said the majority of those living around the mining dam were rural and farming communities who live directly off of the same systems of water.

A mass contamination would be catastrophic, and as of yet, there has been no major precautions taken outside of the announcement that the dam might overflow. Australian miner Saint Barbara sold off the mine to the Gold Ridge company in May, after production was suspended for over a year in the midst of disputes over rejected recommendations that the polluted water needs to be released.

Youths want death penalty out

The National, Wednesday July 15th, 2015

CATHOLIC youths in the Highlands region staged a protest march against the death penalty last week. During their Highlands Regional Rally at Laiagam in Enga, the youths called on the Government to throw out the law on death penalty and replace it with maximum jail sentence.

The youths marched for 3km from Wanepap to Laiagam Station with banners highlighting that the death penalty was against Christianity. The Catholic Church has a petition going against the death penalty. Representatives from churches, Laiagam–Porgera district administration staff, Caritas Papua New Guinea and police watched the protest last week. The youths addressed issues about drugs, homebrew, tribal fights and other activities, adding that they contributed to destroying life.

Ale Asa, from Wabag youth and chairperson of the organising committee, described the death penalty as unhealthy for the nation. He said they were reminding the Government that it had to look at other ways to deal with the rising law and order issues. “This will not do us any good. It will destroy our Christian faith and the Government must look at ways to stop it,” Asa said. “This nation will progress and see good things if only it operates on God’s principles.”

Calls to scrap live broadcasts of State of Origin matches in PNG

STATE of Origin contests have long been famed as arenas epitomising physical aggression and tribal combativeness. However, that aggression is spilling over the sidelines with horrifying consequences.

There have been calls to ban live broadcasts of Origin games in Papua New Guinea because of violent outbursts that are erupting after matches, resulting in deaths. Speaking to the ABC, an Enga police spokesman said the interstate matches drove people into a frenzy, and that the only way to eradicate this behaviour was to ban all live coverage.

“The way people watch the Origin matches are going crazy nowadays. We’ve got so many deaths…there’s a lot of killing in places because of State of Origin matches,” said the spokesman.

“When it’s on live, the people watching it, they go crazy, I don’t know for whatever reason.

“It’s a game where people normally watch and enjoy themselves but nowadays it’s not that, it’s changing, supporters of the Blues and supporters of the Maroons, they’ve started to hate each other, argue…it’s throughout the country. “I call on the government of Papua New Guinea to ban the live coverage of Origin matches in Papua New Guinea.”

Drunken celebrations caused the deaths of at least three people during this year’s series, while violent altercations between rival supporters reportedly break out after almost every encounter. Houses and business were also ravaged by angry fans during the latest series. Local media reported that supporters clashed outside Wabag after the third and deciding game last Wednesday, pelting each other with rocks. While this particular incident didn’t result in any deaths, it was part of an alarming trend.

Australia/Papua New Guinea: The Pacific Non-Solution

Two Years On, Refugees Face Uncertainty, Restrictions on Rights

(Sydney) – More than 850 asylum seekers and 87 refugees are detained indefinitely in poor conditions on Manus Island two years after Australia announced it would process and resettle “boat people” in Papua New Guinea (PNG), Human Rights Watch and the Human Rights Law Centre said today.

Since January 2015, PNG and Australian authorities have transferred 40 men found to be refugees to a transit center, but they are still prevented from leaving Manus Island and are denied opportunities to work and study.

Mental Health Impact

Asylum seekers and refugees report that conditions inside the detention center are overcrowded and that the protracted and indefinite nature of detention is causing significant mental health issues including depression and anxiety. Service providers acknowledged that lengthy periods of time in detention is detrimental to mental health and makes the eventual transition of refugees into PNG society even more difficult. Some refugees transferred to the transit center rarely leave their rooms, apparently still traumatized by their experience in detention.

“In detention you become domesticated. Like an animal inside a cage – you think they are fine, they look fine, they seem healthy, but they could not survive in nature. That is like us now,” said one refugee. Speaking about the mental state of others, he added, “Mentally, they are not fine. The mind doesn’t work very well. They read, but they can only read a page and they forget. They lose concentration. They won’t leave their rooms. They have lost the ability to live.”

“In Burma the government shoots us,” said a member of the persecuted Rohingya minority. “But here they kill us mentally.”

[For the full article, see the url above]

The Plight Of Long Islanders In Madang

Post Courier, July 20, 2015

Basic government services are reportedly non-existent in Madang’s remote Long Island and concerns have been raised by the lone health worker there for urgent intervention. The calls are from Mathew Salung and following another boating mishap between the waters of Madang and Morobe over a week ago in which 15 people have reportedly been missing and now presumed dead by authorities. Of the 15, six were locals from Wasu who were headed for Rai Cast for a sporting tournament while of the nine from Long Island, four were patients who were making the trip back to Long Island with their guardians. Salung lamented in an interview with the Post-Courier that this was not the first time men, women and children from this remote island had perished out at sea while in search of basic government services. He said back in 1996, 11 people-among them several school children had perished, neither the boat nor their bodies were found. Yet again in 2014 another motorised dinghy carrying about seven people including students also went missing. The only trace left behind was the dinghy they were reportedly travelling in which had been washed ashore. “This is the third time people have actually gone missing but there have been numerous other instances of mishaps. All these ought not to have happened if our health centres and schools were up and running. Services ground to a halt in 2007 and there has been little effort by our politicians and authorities in the provincial administration to restore normalcy. Even communication is non-existent. There are no mobile phone towers on the island. The only mode of communication which was the health radio which was installed by Former Madang Governor and Health Minister Sir Peter Barter but this was pulled out also in 2007 leaving the island in complete darkness.

Immunisation Coverage Remains Low: Medic

The National, 22nd July, 2015

There is low immunisation coverage where more than 25 per cent of children under the age of five die from sicknesses that can be prevented by vaccines, an official says. Technical officer of the expanded programme of the immunisation (EPI) for the Health Department, Johnny Arava said the two leading common causes of deaths were complications of pneumonia and measles. He said the country was not reaching its national immunisation coverage of more than 90 per cent despite special immunisation goals being developed in the national health plan (2011-2020) and immunisation coverage remained stagnant. “For example, the percentage of measles vaccine coverage from 2009 to 2013 in the country was below 60 per cent,” Arava said. That prompted the Health Department to introduce an integrated routine immunisation exercise into the national immunisation programme.

Risky Chopper Journey To Save PNG Jungle Triplets|

Post-Courier, 20th July, 2015. Story courtesy of Radio New Zealand International

A woman who gave birth to triplets in a remote village in Papua New Guinea’s Morobe province took six days to reach a hospital in Lae, after tribal fighting stopped her from reaching medical help. Gile Sayiyong gave birth to the triplets last week without any medical assistance, because she couldn’t reach a nearby health centre as two groups of people were engaged in fierce fighting, cutting off access. Unable to get to the medical centre, Ms Sayiyong relied on a helicopter evacuation, but that proved a challenge in itself. The helicopter’s pilot Jurgen Ruh says it took two attempts in poor weather and mountainous terrain to reach the village, but he eventually made it. “I followed the river very close to the surface and as I got further in the rain got heavier and the clouds got thicker, so I was unable to have safe visibility. I turned around and then I tried to go over the top and then I tried to get in from the north and I tried to come from the east. Then three hours later the fog had lifted and I was able to come in under the cloud.” Jurgen Ruh says the mother and triplets are still in hospital for observation, but are otherwise doing fine.

Slave Boats in Papua New Guinea

See the story at:

Statement by Catholic Bishops Conference – The Contribution of Sport

With the Pacific Games coming soon to Papua New Guinea, sport will be a topic of interest for many people. At this time your Bishops wish to offer a reflection on the value of sport and ways that we can all benefit.

The Church recognises sport to be one of the great institutions of our society that helps individuals realise their human potential and builds up the bonds of the community, fostering comunal initiative and responsibility.

Sport contributes to physical and mental health and wellbeing. It teaches people, particularly young people skills and resilience. When youth become involved in sport, they devote their energies to teaming together in a healthy environment, forgetting about antisocial activities such as violence and crime.

Sport brings people together in new ways. Parents and teachers volunteer their time to organise events. Women may be spectators in many public events, but with sport in the village, in games such as volleyball and basketball, they play equally along with males. Sporting contests often provide special facilities for disabled athletes – a consideration that could well be matched in other spheres of life.

Sport opens us up to the wider world. Many of us eagerly watch the “State of Origin” being played in Australia. Back home, how many of us feel proud when one of our athletes wins a medal in international events such as the Commonwealth Games. Athletes such as Dika Toua or Stephen Kari have become household symbols of our achievement in the eyes of the world.

When interactions offer fun, competition, skill and goal-setting, there is a fertile environment for personal development. Sport builds character. It teaches us discipline as we learn to play by the rules. When sports teams promote fairness, firmness and moral courage, there exists a wonderful space in which to help young people grow into adulthood: a form of initiation where the “elders” (coaches or teachers) set goals and boundaries in a safe, caring and no-nonsense setting. In such settings the benefits flow not just to the local community, but to the nation as a while.

But there is also another side to sport that can bring sadness rather than delight. We should keep in mind that special events come and go but normal life goes on. It is important to keep a balance between the value of sport and sporting events and other goals of society. Some countries have been so keen to project a good image on the international stage that their people have been left suffering and paying bills for years afterwards. Let us make sure this does not happened to PNG

Sometimes there is violence on the field or among spectators. On occasion there is gambling and betting and associated abuse of drugs and alcohol. We must guard against such antisocial activities that ruin the good name of sport. Also we are saddened to see some sports events scheduled on Sunday mornings, which are a time that most Christians devote to Sunday worship. We ask that sports managers try to keep the Sunday holy, having in mind the words of St Paul to the Corinthians (1 Cor 9:25) “Every athlete concentrates completely on training in order to be crowned with a wreath that will not last; but we do it for one that will last forever.”

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Social Concerns Notes – June 2015

New Act to protect children

Post Courier, June 09, 2015

THE new Lukautim Pikinini Act passed by Parliament last Friday will hold parents accountable for neglecting their parental responsibilities and allowing others to raise their children. The Act will also protect and verify mushrooming of childcare homes throughout the country, as many people want to make easy money on the pretext of setting up such centres. Minister for Community Development Delilah Gore said in her statement that there were many such orphanage homes mushrooming throughout the country to make money, and therefore the Act will also look at appointing inspectors who will verify and approve all childcare centres based on their performances and other prerequisites to qualify as a childcare centre. She said the Act also involves the creation of provincial child and family service committee who will help in protecting the welfare of children in the country.

She said every child needs protection and the child and family service committee will identify genuine children who will be called ‘Child of State’ if the child is really parentless.

Gore said the Lukautim Pikinini Act is basically drafted to protect and safeguard the rights of the Children. She said too many children were forced to live on the streets and that has been a major concern and the Act will have the parents responsible and accountable for their actions.

Among some of those children are the young children who are forced to look for money and food, begging on the streets in major towns and cities. The Act has been described as a big step in protecting young children and their rights to live a good life. The Bill was supported by all members of Parliament (73-0).

Juffa: Child sex trade real

Post Courier, June 09, 2015

CHILD sex trade is a reality and striving in Papua New Guinea, Oro Governor Garry Juffa said.

While debating on the Lukautim Pikinini Act that was passed in Parliament last Friday, Mr Juffa said the Law also needs to look at issues like child pornography and child sex trade to safeguard young children in the country. He said with globalisation and the internet, childrens’ behaviours have changed as they are heavily influenced by foreign introductions. “Like the one in Philippines, foreigners with money lure young girls and take pictures of them to make money. The child sex industry is striving in PNG. Young children, particularly from settlements in Port Moresby and Lae are involved in the industry. Therefore we need to protect them by putting laws in place to regulate such practices,” a concerned Mr Juffa said.

Mr Juffa also proposed for the inclusion in the Act to control some food items that were not good for the children like betelnut and smoke. He said the Act should also look at creating an institution that would take care of abandoned children. Shadow Attorney General Dr Allan Marat, while commending the Act, said many of the social issues in the country are caused by broken families. He said if the country is to change, then parents have to change their behaviours first. Children learn from the environment where they are raised.

Anti-child marriage bill expected to pass

Post Courier, June 01, 2015. Story courtesy of ABC News

A law making marriage under the age of 18 illegal is expected to be soon tabled and passed in parliament.There is currently no legislation to regulate the marriage age, meaning child marriage is practiced legally. UNICEF’s 2015 statistics found 2 per cent of women aged 20-24 were married by the age of 15, with 21 per cent married by 18 years of age. “We are aware and we are mindful that this is happening,” Mr Kwa told Pacific Beat. “So we need to address this at a national level.”

Mr Kwa said PNG’s cabinet had signalled its intention to approve the law. The issue, he said, would be enforcing the legislation, especially in the “far-flung areas of the country”. “We know it’s going to be a major issue for us in terms of implementation, but we would like to enact the law and then inform the people,” he said. Mr Kwa said the marriage laws will “gel together” with recently-introduced free education and free basic healthcare legislation.

In Vanuatu, the law forbids marriage of women before the age of 16, and for men before the age of 18.

But Vanuatu Women’s Centre (VWC) coordinator Marilyn Tahi said throughout Melanesia, traditional perspectives were still prevalent. “Our people even have traditions where so long as they’re menstruating, they’re ready to be married off,” she said. “Others say, so long as they have breasts, they’re ready to be married off.”

Smoking high among students

Post Courier, June 01, 2015

FORTY-two per cent of secondary school students, between the ages of 13 and 21, smoke tobacco cigarettes. That is almost half of Papua New Guinea’s future leaders. “Children as young as 10 years old are smoking! Where is this country heading?” Said acting health secretary Elva Lionel.

She was speaking during activities to mark World No Tobacco Day at Gordon Secondary School in Port Moresby.

“A study on secondary school students indicated an 11 per cent consumption rate of illegal cigarettes.

“Just because illegal tobacco is cheaper doesn’t mean it is better for consumption. It is just as harmful as regulated tobacco,” the acting secretary said. “Girls are smoking. Women are smoking. This is not good for our country. The ‘factory for children’ should stop smoking.” Ms Lionel warned women against smoking because they are more likely to have unhealthy babies. The occasion was complemented with a debate between Gerehu and Gordon secondary schools on the pros and cons of smoking.

Smoking kills, warns heart doctor

Post Courier, June 03, 2015

A HEART specialist says smoking increases the risk of heart disease 10 times more than obesity, high blood pressure and diabetes. He says in PNG patients, smoking causes heart disease at a younger age, in their 40s and 50s. It currently costs K40,000 to treat a person suffering with a heart disease in PNG – money most Papua New Guineans cannot afford. A World Bank report released this week gives alarming statistics on tobacco consumption, saying 40 percent of Papua New Guineans smoke.

While infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria and diarrhoea remain high disease burdens, the rate of non-communicable diseases such as cancers are also rising rapidly in PNG.

Medical professionals have more than once raised concerns about the high rate of people needing health services as compared to the manpower available to attend to them.

Health crisis

Post Courier, June 03, 2015

THERE is a 15-year human resource gap in the health sector that the National Government is struggling to close. This simply means that there are now 17,000 health workers coming out of training schools every year compared with a high 27,000 annually in 2000. Health and HIV Minister Michael Malabag told Parliament it was a gap far reaching and hard to cover, a gap created by bad advice and management by past governments such as closing nursing colleges, early retirement age and a low quota of graduates coming out of medical schools.

Yesterday, the minister was taken to task by Maprik MP John Simon during Question Time in Parliament when asked about the shortage of health workers in Maprik.

Mr Malabag replied: “We are truly short. We have a shortage of health personnel in the country such as nurses and doctors and other senior staff in the health sector.”

Mr Malabag did not have an exact figure of medical doctors graduating from the country’s only medical school annually but he believed it was about 40 doctors. About half of them enter public health service while the other half enter private practice or pursue their careers overseas.

“What we want is 120 doctors every year but we cannot and the medical schools know why,” the Minister said. “Right now, hospitals can only hire from overseas to fill gaps until the country can have its own producing numbers.”

Manus crackdown: Oz government curtails workers’ rights

05 June 2015

More details have emerged about the censorship of doctors, teachers, journalists, NGO employees, church workers and anyone else employed there or reporting on what is happening there at the detention centre on Manus. These professionals can go to jail merely for reporting abuse, which one would assume to be the ethical, humane and right thing to do. Under sweeping new laws designed to gag whistleblowers, doctors, teachers and other professionals working in immigration detention facilities face up to two years in prison if they speak out against conditions in the centres or provide information to journalists. The malevolent Border Force Act, passed quietly by the Australian parliament on 14 May with both major parties assenting, forbids “entrusted people” from recording or disclosing information about conditions in centres such as that on Manus Island.

“Under the proposed measures, the unauthorised disclosures of information, including personal information will be punishable by imprisonment for two years,” the Act says.

The new law will come into force next month at the same time the Australian immigration and customs departments merge. The president of the Australian Medical Association, Prof Brian Owler, said this was the first time doctors had been threatened with jail for revealing inadequate conditions for their patients in immigration centres.

Refugee ‘bashed’ by guards on Manus Island for missing transit centre curfew

Post Courier, June 03, 2015, Story courtesy of ABC News Australia

Security guards on Manus Island have reportedly assaulted a refugee for not returning to the East Lorengau transit centre by the 6:00pm curfew. The Iranian man was at a local restaurant at around 10:00pm when guards from the transit centre assaulted him and took him back to the Australian-funded accommodation.

The refugee is one of a small group of men who have had their asylum claim processed, have left detention and are awaiting permanent resettlement in another part of Papua New Guinea.

However, the PNG Government has not formed a policy for resettling refugees and is giving them no indication how long they will be kept on Manus Island.

While free from the Australian-run detention centre on the Lombrum Naval Base, the refugees are expected to return to the East Lorengau transit centre between 6:00pm and 6:00am.

The night curfew on Manus Island is part of wider restrictions for the refugees awaiting resettlement.

In March, Iranian refugee Reza Mollagholipour was denied permission to leave Manus Island to attend job interviews he had organised in PNG’s capital Port Moresby. Earlier this year Mr Mollagholipour expressed optimism about finding a job and starting a new life in Papua New Guinea but in recent weeks has told the ABC he is losing hope. PNG’s prime minister Peter O’Neill said last month that 129 asylum seekers had been granted refugee status, while more than 400 had returned to their home countries. To date, no refugee has been resettled in PNG.

Migration office assesses asylum seekers

The National, Wednesday June 10th, 2015

MORE than 500 asylum seekers on Manus have had their refugee claims assessed, according to Chief Migration Officer Mataio Rabura. Rabura said 129 had been determined to be refugees by the Minister for Foreign Affairs and Immigration, Rimbink Pato. Forty have been moved to the East Lorengau Refugee Transit Centre to undertake language and cultural orientation training. A recruitment agency is assisting them prepare for jobs and to link them to appropriate firms. They are now awaiting Cabinet’s endorsement of the national refugee integration policy. “They will be permitted to commence work once the National Executive Council endorses (the) policy,” he said.

He said the Government was confident they “will make a positive contribution to our communities”.

“But patience is required as this is a very sensitive process and must be done properly,” Rabura said.

On the arrest of the three migration officers implicated in the abuse of a refugee in Manus on June 1, he said police were dealing with the matter. “If it is proven that there was any wrong doing by immigration officers, they will be subject to internal disciplinary proceedings in addition to any judicial sentence.”

Failed arrest warrants pile up

The National, Wednesday June 4th, 2015

THE Waigani committal court has a huge number of warrants of arrest for people who had failed to comply with bail conditions, Magistrate John Kaumi said. Some of them go back two years.

Kaumi revealed this when refusing a bail application yesterday for Obert Stanley, charged with sexually penetrating a girl aged three, at Hohola 3, Port Moresby, in April this year.

He said: “(There are) More than 15 boxes full of outstanding warrant of arrests dating back a couple of years for people who have been granted bail but who have escaped.” “This is for Waigani alone and does not reflect other district courts of the National Capital District and Central. But I daresay it will be around the same amount or more. “The trend seems that a grant of bail is taken as one-way ticket for the applicants to disappear into oblivion and never again seen in court. “It is a testimony of the failure of bail authorities to carefully assess the trustworthiness of the applicants to adhere to all bail conditions.

Investigation into sorcery killing on the way

Post Courier, June 04, 2015,

The Enga provincial government has financed a plane trip for police to venture to Enga to investigate an alleged sorcery killing that occurred last week. A sorcery killing so gruesome that it has once again put PNG in the international communities spotlight. Missionaries and police say a mother of four, known as Misila, was hacked to death last week in Fiyawena village in Enga province, when 10 men who had earlier accused her of sorcery, carried out a brutal summary execution with an axe.

The Provincial Police Commander for Enga, George Kakas, says police resources are very limited, and the village is a two-hour flight and then a further two-hour walk from Wabag town.

He says now that the provincial government has responded to requests for funding, a plane will be chartered this week, taking officers and investigators to Fiyawena. Missionaries say the primitive beliefs in sanguma, or evil spirits, appear to be spreading from village to village in the highlands.

The socioeconomic effects of corruption on Papua New Guinea both present and future

One of the factors that cause development stagnation in PNG is corruption. In PNG, corruption is widespread and endemic, penetrating all levels of society. Although, corruption flourishes in secrecy, the social and economic effects of it are visible and affect everyone in the country.

Despite unprecedented economic growth with the country experiencing a decade of mineral resources boom, the value of kina has not performed well at the international market. Moody’s 2015 report shows that PNG’s B1 foreign currency and local currency ratings have dropped significantly from stable to negative. Due to government embarking on ambitious development programs our fiscal deficits have widened significantly, hence our external debt had risen to an estimated 37.7% of GDP in 2014. PNG’s debt level, according to Moody’s report exceeded 40% which means our expenditure has significantly exceeded our production and revenue. Many international commentators further state that the government’s preaching about growing economic boom has brought nothing or had little effect on the lives of the ordinary citizens. Poverty is still widespread.

Various social and economic indicators demonstrate the visible effects of corruption in the country. According to Transparency International’s 2013 Corruption Perception Index, PNG is ranked 150th out of 176 countries, with a score of 25 on a scale of 0 – 100, where zero means that a country is highly corrupt and hundred means a country is very clean. According to the World Bank, PNG’s Human Development Index (HDI) was ranked 153rd out of 187 countries and for Gender Inequality Index (GII) PNG was again placed 153rd out of 187 countries. More than 80% of the country’s population lives in the rural areas where subsistence economy remains the main source of income and daily sustenance. It was estimated that in the period 1993–2002, approximately 57.4% of the population survived on less than $2 a day, suggesting that 70% of the population live below poverty line. The latest Economic and Social Survey Report of the Asia Pacific region reports negatively that the income inequality is widening significantly to the detriment of women, especially in the rural areas…. Significant social indicators such as unemployment is increasing and the current rate is estimated to be higher than 70%. The growing number of “street children” found in PNG’s major towns and cities speaks for itself and has become an eye sore challenge for government’s public policy and development strategies for the future….

The health sector is also battling with very troubling health issues in the country. Many of PNG’s premier hospitals have run down with little or no lifesaving equipment such as kidney dialysis, radiogram machine and even X-Rays and other lifesaving machine are near death stages. [See the url above to access the complete article]

Sorcery and sexism in Papua New Guinea

07 June 2015 By Helen Clark.

ONE of Papua New Guinea’s most persistent problems is not its possibly overheated resource sector nor allegations of corruption. It’s witchcraft. More specifically, the vicious murders of women accused of sorcery. This is a complex problem that involves violence against women, land reclamations, and a rapidly developing nation. A press release from Amnesty International called on the government to do more to protect women in the nation after a woman known as Mifla was hacked to death by a group of men in mid-May. Two other women were also threatened and only just escaped. The trio, along with their children, were first accused in January. A long-time Papua New Guinea resident and land rights activist, Lutheran missionary Anton Lutz, had been documenting the attacks and told the Australian Associated Press, “They believed she was a sanguma (sorcerer), that she was responsible for deaths and misfortune in their world.” Mifila’s death is not uncommon. Attacks, largely targeting unprotected women, based on sorcery allegations have been an increasing problem in PNG, though belief in witchcraft and punishments for it is, says a UN paper from 2013, “culturally embedded.” …

PNG, the consensus goes, must do more. “Papua New Guinea’s authorities must once and for all bring a halt to attacks against alleged ‘sorcerers’ and systemic violence against women.,” said Amnesty’s Kate Schuetze in last week’s press release. Helen Haro from the country Gender Justice Program Manager for Oxfam told The Diplomat that the PNG had shown initiative and commitment, not just in getting rid of the sorcery act but also in drafting the Sorcery Action Plan and more broadly establishing Family Sexual Violence Units and Family Support Centres. “These reforms have, however, been driven by non-government organizations – the government must show its commitment with resource allocation and enforcement.” …

Although women are disproportionately affected the drivers are not simply misogyny but rather money. Much like the terror of the Spanish Inquisition, “witches” are targeted in property disputes, according to Haro. “Our work in the highlands with the Human Rights Defenders Network revealed that while in some cases accusations of sorcery are passed from family to family for generations and driven by strong beliefs, other claims are fabricated for financial gain. Recent research by Oxfam found that in 2 in every 3 accusations resulting in a relocation, sorcery accusations were used as a means of repossessing wealth or resources such as land, houses, or businesses of the person accused.”

[For the full article, access the url above]

Absence of human rights panel affects many citizens

The National, Tuesday June 9th, 2015

THE long delay by the Government to establish a Human Rights Commission in Papua New Guinea leaves a lot of citizens discriminated against as the Ombudsman Commission is not empowered to investigate deeply, the OC said. This is one of the issues faced by the Ombudsman Commission, which Ombudsman Phoebe Sengetari pointed out last Friday in its Lae consultation with the public and  stakeholders in its attempt to make parliament submission to amend the organic laws governing it to expand its powers and jurisdiction. Sengetari said the OC could look into discriminatory practices and complaints touching on human rights issues but there were restrictions under its jurisdiction under the Organic Law on Ombudsman Commission and the Organic Law on Duties and Responsibilities of Leadership. “The government has been talking about setting up a Human Rights Commission, but it’s of a kick-start-stop type of approach for a long period of time now. “So in the meantime, the OC has been performing these functions because we are required as part of our functions to look at discriminatory practices under a particular law,” she said.

Momis praises Bougainville people’s commitment to democracy, 09 June 2015

BOUGAINVILLE’S president-elect John Momis says Bougainvilleans’ conduct in the recent election has shown their commitment to democracy. Dr Momis was speaking after the final results came though at the weekend following a week-long count for the presidency. He was declared President of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville on Saturday morning having collected 51,382 votes after the fourth elimination. Dr Momis thanked the people of Bougainville for having the faith in him to lead the team that would take them into the future. He also thanked candidates who stood in the election for their commitment to contribute to the process of peace-building in Bougainville.

Dr Momis also congratulated the people of Bougainville for making sure the election was conducted fairly and freely. He said despite people’s differences they can work together for the common good of Bougainville. He also congratulated Electoral Commissioner George Manu and electoral authorities on the successful staging of the election, which was conducted for the first time by the autonomous region’s own electoral commission. Dr Momis said, despite some hiccups, the election was conducted peacefully and showed people’s commitment to democratic principles, values and the Bougainville vision.

Bougainville government ready to talk mining with Rio Tinto 09 June 2015

BOUGAINVILLE’S newly re-elected president, Dr John Momis, says one of his first moves will be talking with Rio Tinto on whether it is interested in re-opening the Panguna mine. Dr Momis won a resounding victory after counting in the autonomous Papua New Guinea region was completed at the weekend. Bougainville is to conduct a vote on possible independence before 2020 and Mr Momis says mining is the only way to quickly achieve the necessary fiscal self-reliance required before then.

He wants to talk with Rio Tinto first because they ran the Panguna mine, through Bougainville Copper Ltd, before the Bougainville conflict. “Hoping we can come to an agreement to start taking some practical steps to re-open the mine,” Dr Momis said, “but if Rio Tinto chooses not to engage us then we have other options to look at.” Rio Tinto has been reviewing its position after the former government passed a new mining law.

Street kids sent home

The National, Wednesday June 10th, 2015

CITY authorities in Port Moresby have started clearing the streets of children involved in selling items, or in any form of child labour. City manager Leslie Alu has appealed to parents and primary care-givers to take their children from the streets and be more responsible for their safety, development and welfare. He said the National Capital District Commission was the city’s governing authority which was concerned about the increasing number of children roaming the streets, or living and working on the streets and public places, as the Pacific Games nears. Some have reportedly been involved in the sex industry although figures could not be confirmed. Parliament passed last week the Lukautim Pikinini Bill which ensured that children were protected and enjoyed basic rights such as access to education, health, food, love and care. Alu warned that parents who failed to carry out their responsibilities could be charged with negligence. “Individuals or groups must stop the practice of child labour and exploitation for commercial purposes and self-gain,” he said.“Amicable laws will be applied on those concerned. Children must refrain from directing cars at parking lots, begging and selling items in public places.” He said their safety and health were at risk.  “You must return to your parents and homes and go to school,” he said.

PNG drug dangerous

The National, Wednesday June 10th, 2015

MARIJUANA grown in the country has a high cannabis content which can damage the brain, an officer from the National Narcotics Bureau says. Education and awareness officer Lawrence Tau said many young people had become mentally ill because of this. He said PNG marijuana had very high cannabis content than those in other parts of the world. Tau said marijuana contained 421 chemicals and the one that was most dangerous was THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) which could cause neurological disorder in the brain. “Brain coordination among those who smoke marijuana may malfunction because the toxins from the cannabis destroy the brain cells.”

‘Bulb eater’ to dispose of old tube lights

The National, Wednesday June 10th, 2015

PNG Power Ltd is calling on individuals and organisations in Port Moresby to bring old tube lights and bulbs to be disposed of in an environmentally-friendly way by using a machine. Corporate relations officer Stanley Mark said during World Environment Day celebration at Port Moresby Nature Park last Saturday that florescent tubes and incandescent bulbs contained mercury which was harmful to the environment and to people’s health. He said the “bulb eater” machine neutralised the mercury for disposal. “We have to be conscious with our environment by properly disposing dangerous chemicals like mercury,” Mark said. “If we dispose them wrongly, they will be washed by rain into the rivers which people or animals drink from.” Mark urged individuals and companies to bring their old light bulbs and tubes to the company’s Hohola head office. Mark said they had so far disposed about 5000 florescent tubes and bulbs.

Shortage of blood a problem in hospitals

Post Courier, June 11, 2015

SHORTAGE of blood has always been a problem faced by all hospitals, says Deputy Health Secretary Paison Dakulala. “We have lost precious lives in parts of the country due to non-availability of blood. We need more awareness, more co-operation and participation from both public and the private sectors to assist us in participating in voluntary blood promotions and blood drives,” he said.

In Papua New Guinea most of the blood is used to treat anaemia in women (obstetrics complications and cancer) and children. Trauma is our next biggest user and cancers. On Tuesday, Dr Dakulala and head of National Blood Transfusion Services Dr Marilyn Mathias urged the public to donate. Dr Mathias said there were a lot of misconceptions about donating blood. She emphasised that there was current awareness on those myths.

According to the Health Department, the NBTS collects on average 30,000 units of blood annually, 57 per cent are from voluntary unpaid donors and 43 per cent are from family replacement blood donors.

According to WHO requirements and recommendations, PNG needs to collect 120,000-150,000 units of blood per year. We collect only 25 per cent of our annual requirement. Also, all these donated blood are screened for HIV, hepatitis B, and syphilis. There are 35 blood banks located in each provincial hospitals and district hospitals where people could go to donate blood. Every healthy person can donate blood every three months (four times annually).

Mother dies after delivery due to lack of govt service

Post Courier, June 11, 2015

A MOTHER in labour delivered successfully but died shortly afterwards because she had no access to medicine and a midwife. This sad event took place recently at Borudi village situated in the mountain ranges of Koiari district in Central Province, northeast of Port Moresby. Borudi village councillor Arthur Danny related the story this week, adding that young mother would be alive today if she had access to proper medical facility, drugs and a medical officer to attend to her during a difficult labour.

“An Aid Post was funded under the Central Province services improvement program in 2009. However, the building was left empty with no medical officers, no medical facilities and no drugs to serve more than 2000 people of Borudi and four neighboring villages,” Cr Danny said. “Many people have lost their lives while a few have struggled to travel to Kokoda and Port Moresby to get medical treatment or seek a doctor’s help,” he said.

Affected cocoa farmer shed tears

Post Courier, June 15, 2015,

LINA Martin could not hold back her tears when describing how her cocoa block was totally destroyed by an oil palm developer in the Inland Baining area of East New Britain Province.

Over 500 cocoa trees were cut down and hopes of planting 200 more cocoa seedlings that she acquired from the World Bank funded Baining Cooperative Society nursery at Kulit ward were shattered. From Radingi Ward, Mrs Martin is one of several farmers whose cocoa blocks were bulldozed to make way for oil palm development. She said they were not told that their cocoa trees will be cut down.

“Mipla kirap nogut lo ol man ikam wantem saw na katim tasol,” she told reporters who had gone up to the area last week accompanied by government officials and police. She said the land on which she had planted her crops was customary land and that she was a landowner. Mrs Martin said she was part of the eight clans that make up the landowner company Quareqa Limited which had engaged an Asian company Tzen Niugini to bring in oil palm development. However, she said she did not sign up to be part of the new development and did not want oil palm to be planted on her land.

Doctor set to make difference in rural area

Post Courier, June 17, 2015,

DOCTORS are highly regarded, especially in rural and remote parts of this country, and a simple message they give on health is often taken seriously. This was Dr Gideon Gelesi’s experience that saved thousands of lives from cholera in remote Lambutina and Nambariwa villages of Wasu area in Morobe Province. It was in July 2009 when he went home to bury his father. And during that time, a man fell ill from cholera, a disease that no one, not even health workers in the area, had detected before and knew about. Realising what it was, he told the villagers: “Boil all your drinking water and wash your hands with soap and water.’’He also educated the people about the disease.

He then took the dying man after putting him on drip, accompanied by his relatives, and headed to the nearest health facility, the Etep Lutheran run rural hospital, where his father had earlier received medical help. There were five deaths from cholera at the time. While the sick man was being treated, he sat down a young doctor and spoke to him about this disease called cholera. He advised him to be prepared because more cholera patients were going to come. He also took out his own dad’s medical file and showed him where the flaws were, not because he was angry but wanted to ensure that the hospital did things right to prevent more people getting infected with the disease.

There was no treatment protocol on cholera in PNG. He then headed to Lae where he reported the matter to the provincial health authorities and later to Port Moresby to get the message out. Dr Gelesi is today working with the Department of High Education, Research, Science and Technology, where he is helping to send young people for skills training programs in Cairns, Australia.

Women protest hospital closure

Post Courier, June 17, 2015

MORE than 3000 women staged a peaceful protest in Porgera station last Friday, calling on the Health Department to take over the privately-run Porgera Hospital. The protest follows decisions to shut down operations due to lack of funding from the Government through the Porgera Development Authority (PDA). The protest was organised by Porgera District Women in Business and the Porgera District Women Associations, involving their members from 11 different women groups. PDWA president, Maria Kensary, said the hospital was the only major service in the valley despite the world-class mine and had to carry on after the mine ceased operations. “It has to start running as a Government hospital now so that we will have no problem when the mine operations shut down,” Mrs Kensary said. The hospital was established under the Porgera Mine agreement and, according to PDA director, Opis Yandapake, there was no source of funding.

Samaritan Aviation Saves Life

Post-Courier, 16th June, 2015

Samaritan Aviation has saved yet another life in the remote Torembi village of East Sepik Province. Earlier this week, Samaritan Aviation received an emergency call for a young woman from one of the 17 clinics that they look after in the province. Rosalia had been pregnant with her first child but lost her baby during labour at a nearby health centre and for the next five days she had suffered from a retained placenta. Health workers at the centre decided to place a desperate call to Samaritan Aviation in Wewak for help. Samaritan Aviation president Mark Palm told Post-Courier from Wewak yesterday that after hiking for 30 minutes and travelling by canoe for almost three hours, family and friends caring for Rosalia arrived at the Sepik River where Palm and nurse Gertrude from Catholic Health Services were waiting. Rosalia, who was in critical condition, was quickly loaded onto the country’s only float plane, locally known as Saman Balus, and flown to Wewak where she was rushed by ambulance to Boram Hospital and doctors were able to administer a procedure that saved her life. In 2014, Samaritan Aviation flew 117 life flights resulting in 104 saved lives, Mr Palm said, adding they had delivered more than 70,000 medical supplies in East Sepik Province since operation in PNG. More than 60 per cent of the lives which were saved were those of mothers and babies. Lowering the infant mortality and maternal death rates in the East Sepik Province continues to be one of the organisation’s main goals. By providing maternal health, newborn care and midwifery training in remote areas through partnership with non-profits like Living Child from Australia, those goals are being reached, Mr Palm said .The team at Samaritan Aviation, consisting of four families from America and four Papua New Guinean workers, are dedicated to showing God’s love through action using a hands-on approach.

City Mission Opens Childrens Crisis Centre

Post- Courier, 16th June, 2015

City Mission of Port Moresby has opened a crisis centre for children, including those commonly referred to as street children. However, the organisation’s administration manager Steve Highland said this was a temporary home for these children. He said the centre was being funded by Child Fund, an Australian non-governmental organisation, and would be run jointly with the Government’s custodian of the Lukautim Pikinini Act or the Director of the Child Welfare, National Capital District Commission and World Vision would be accepting children on six months basis while waiting for the Government to sort out issues relating to the child’s long-term future, including a home.

Water, a Strategic Asset

Post-Courier, 17th June, 2015

Water, one of PNG’s biggest natural resource, has been identified by the Government as a strategic asset to improve human development and economy of the people. Minister for National Planning and Monitoring Charles Abel said the Government has finally recognised the importance to utilise the country’s natural environment and its resources towards building a vibrant future of Papua New Guineans. He said this in light of the Government’s WaSH project and other fresh water management capacities. These were developed and captured in the medium term development plan 2016 – 2017 to create and maintain improved water access for the people. According to the plan, the key strategic priorities are development of strategic policy and action plan on water resources and implementation, increasing access of improved water source for rural and urban households and schools and health institutions, increasing cultivated area under irrigation, increasing the proportion of hydro-electricity in the energy sector plus increasing bottling of PNG’s fresh water for drinking.

Group gets seedlings for climate change plan

The National, Monday June 22nd, 2015

THE Mulmana Community Development Association in Hagen Central, Western Highlands received 4000 seedlings from the provincial government to start one of its pilot projects. The seedlings were part of a million seedlings the Government, under its personal viability programme, will make available to people in the four districts to help combat climate change and greenhouse effects.

Programme coordinator Lorence Soto  said the provincial government, under the leadership of Governor Paias Wingti, was aiming to supply 1,000,000 seedlings. The association was recently assigned by the provincial government to assume its responsibility under the program to supply seedlings to others. The association’s members have already built a nursery house.

MPs are lawmakers and not cheque book carriers and basic service deliverers

MPs are supposed to be lawmakers and not cheque book carriers promising to deliver basic government services. Implementing government policies and delivering basic services is the function and the responsibility of the public service mechanism in the country and not MPs.

We have more serious issues for the MPs to debate in the parliament and address them. The following are some serious issues affecting this country for the last 40 years and which every MP should be engaging in addressing them:

  1. Job creation – more than 85 % of the population still unemployed and live in rural villages untouchable by basic services;
  2. Energy security – the growth of the country needs cheap and reliable energy;
  3. High cost of living – PNG is one of the most expansive countries in the world;
  4. Food security – a healthy population will increase productivity and reduce medical costs. Reduce high cost of living;
  5. External and internal security – buildup of Indonesia military in the border is a concern. Tribal fights and ethnic violence is a grave concern;
  6. High cost of housing – the country needs cheap and affordable housing for every income level;
  7. Law and order problem – high unemployment and poverty is the cause of most law and order problems. The defense force and police force in the country becoming a problem too;
  8. Economic growth – diversification of the economy to grow every economic potential;
  9. Infrastructures – connecting up all provinces to boost traded and trousim;
  10. Corruption – trapping millions in poverty and contributing to the law and order problems; and
  11. You can add onto this list

MPs supposed to be discussing these issues and not becoming obsessed with cheque books.

Long-awaited letter by Pope Francis on the Environment

A comment on Laudiato Si – an Encyclical from Pope Francis, published on 18th June

Pope Francis has published a special letter (called an encyclical) on Caring for Creation and the Environment yesterday in Rome. It is a letter addressed to the whole of humanity, not just to Catholics. The letter has received a good deal of attention in the media throughout the world because it will touch on important issues such as climate change, pollution, poverty, and the like.

The Encyclical takes its name (Laudato si) from the invocation of Saint Francis of Assisi, “Praise be to you, my Lord” which in the Canticle of the Creatures reminds us that the earth, our common home “is like a sister with whom we share our life and a beautiful mother who opens her arms to embrace us”. We ourselves “are dust of the earth (cf. Gen 2:7); our very bodies are made up of her elements, we breathe her air and we receive life and refreshment from her waters”.

Pope Francis points out that it is not enough to look only at the “symptoms” such as global warming, changed weather patterns, and pollution, and to ignore the human causes of these issues. So there needs to be not only an environmental ecology to do with land, air and water, but also a cultural ecology that respects the culture and rights of people, including indigenous people, but also an ecology of daily life that would question aspects of modern technological culture.” The solution is seen the Catholic social principle of the “common good”. According to that principle, everyone has a right to clean air and clean water.

The Pope’s message is not just for so-called developed countries that use so much fossil fuel such as coal and oil. He mentions a number of issues relevant to PNG, such as the right to clean water, the importance of mangroves, the problems of deforestation, mercury pollution with gold-mining, or a “throw-away culture” that turns our environment into a trash heap. Pope Francis sees the solution in an “ecological conversion” — seeing nature not as something separate from ourselves or as a mere setting in which we live. Rather as human beings we must be in a respectful and loving relationship with God, with other human beings, and with nature.

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Social Concerns Notes – May 2015

Baki sets sights on police brutality

Post Courier 26 May, 2015

Police Commissioner Gari Baki has sounded his strict zero tolerance on police brutality and extra-judicial killings, warning police personnel not to step out of line.             He said corrupt, abusive and lazy policemen had no place in the constabulary. “If I have to sack half of the current numbers within the constabulary for corruption and or abusive behavior, then so be it,” Mr Baki said yesterday, adding that as an outsider for the past five years he had come to realize that the public fear of the police force was “very real”.

“Alleged police corruptions, abuses and cases of brutality would be swiftly addressed,” Mr Baki said. He added that policemen and women would been charged forthwith, and they would have to provide statements, witnesses and evidence clearing them of any misconduct, abuse or corruption charges. “I will now be placing the burden of proof on members of the constabulary in cases where they have been accused of being corrupt, abusive or simply failed to take necessary and appropriate action.”

Mr Baki said discipline, command and control, which were his priorities for providing leadership, must be maintained in order for the constabulary to perform to the expectations of stakeholders. “Absence of discipline and command and control will see poor to nil delivery of policing services to the public. “Policemen and women are doing as they please with no regard for the due processes and the law. “I will ensure the constabulary’s disciplinary processes are strengthened and strictly observed by all.”

Marat queries lack of probe into serious crime

The National 27 May, 2015

Rabaul MP Dr Allan Marat yesterday questioned the Government about the lack of investigations by police into serious crime cases. “There is a very dangerous trend developing in our country today where major crimes are committed, taken to court and are dismissed because police investigators do not carry out their job. “What step is your government taking to address this problem?” he asked Attorney-General Ano Pala. Marat said he was referring to willful murder and rape cases that were thrown out by a committal court due to lack of police investigations.

Doctors short

Post Courier, 25 May, 2015

MORE than three million Papua New Guineans do not have access to a doctor, but the figure is estimated to be higher. President of PNG Society for Rural and Remote Health (PNGRRH) Dr David Mills said only 39 of the 88 districts surveyed have a doctor, but added that not all districts that stated they have a doctor have one based in the districts. “Some of the districts get marked “doctor present’’ when really they are only in the capital, example Vanimo- Green River gets marked as yes. “Then there are those where there are doctors at the mines but who are not really out and about in the community, for example, Lihir in Namatanai and Hidden Valley in Bulolo.’’

The implications of these statistics are many and include PNG continuing to have high maternal and child mortality rates and a large number of people dying from preventable diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis and malaria. Lifestyle diseases, once a largely urban-based problem, is gradually becoming a problem in rural areas as well, he said.

A number of churches providing health services in rural areas face many challenges, including lack of doctors to serve in their respective facilities. A large number of missionary doctors had left since Independence and were never replaced, resulting in the closure of some facilities. St Barnabas Hospital at Dogura in Milne Bay Province is a classic example. It now operates as a health centre, but it was a busy hospital pre-independence days and was renowned for its service for people .

Report prompts doctors debate

Post Courier 26 May, 2015

News media reports on the critical shortage of doctors in rural areas, and the plans for Divine Word University to set up a rural doctors program starting next year have drawn mixed reactions from the medical fraternity.

One of the common arguments was the need for infrastructure such as roads to be built before doctors could go to serve in rural areas. A senior doctor, for example, said doctors could not be expected to work in the rural areas where infrastructure had decayed due to negligence over the years. He said unless these were improved, there was running water, electricity and workable equipment and there were drugs, doctors could not go out and work in rural areas.

However, doctors were not the only ones who struggled in the bush because of lack of facilities, housing, equipment, and basic services like water, says PNG Society for Rural and Remote Health president Dr David Mills. Dr Mills, who is the medical superintendent of Kompian Hospital in Enga Province, said while doctors wanted things to be done for them first before they go out, there were nurses, community health workers and teachers who were working in the rural areas often went without these basic comforts so they could make a difference for their people. He said when he went to Kompiam in 2000, they had to work by a kerosene lantern at night, had no x-ray laboratory, almost nothing in theater and there was only one staff house. “It was very, very basic. There was no school for my kids. My wife had to do it all by correspondence,” he said. He said doctors had traditionally carried a lot more influence and power and could use their positions to build up the services and lobby for change and resources. Furthermore, he said, there were also hospitals in rural areas with good facilities but did not have doctors to work there.


Highly paid medics shun rural postings

Post Courier 29 May, 2015

Doctors are among the most highly paid public servants earning between K80,000 and K295,000 a year, it has been revealed. The better pay in better equipped urban hospitals had been highlighted as reasons why doctors could not go and work in rural hospitals. A doctor querying the notion of training of more doctors to help address the scarcity of doctors in rural areas said this would be a problem as the doctors were the most highly paid public servants and the Government was unable to pay up their entitlements. He also wanted to know who would be paying the new doctors who would be graduating from the new rural doctors program that the Divine Word University in Madang was starting next year. He queried who would be paying salaries and entitlements of the newly graduates because the hospitals are currently struggling to employ doctors. “There must be means and ways where we can efficiently utilize what we have to maximize benefits and results.”

Education sector fares better than health: Prof

The National, 27 May, 2015

The education sector is faring better than health sector because of the funding mechanisms in place and good management, according to a report. The National Research Institute report covers the period between 2001 and 2012. Professor Steven Howes, director of the Development Policy Centre at the Australian National University, revealed that during the Henry Kila Memoral address as par t of the Australia-Papua New Guinea business forum. He said the average school had more and better classrooms, teachers’ quarters, text books, clean drinking water, electricity plus improvement in the ration of female students and teachers to male students and teachers. “There were some 89 per cent more children enrolled in the average PNG primary school in 2012 compared to 2001, in part because of free education,” Howes said.             “The number of teachers grew further through the decade, the number of ghost teachers who were claiming pay but not actually working, fell dramatically.“But not everything was positive in education. There was a lot of overcrowding in classrooms because of increased in enrollments, absenteeism went up and maintenance was a problem.”

In the health sector, the norm was the unavailability of drugs, many clinics not performing basic functions and only one-third conducted patrols.

Tribe hands over suspect

The National, 27 May, 2015

Members of a tribe in the Southern Highlands have handed over to police a man who allegedly killed his wife last Sunday. The tribesmen are from the Karinz local level government in Mendi-Munihu District. After the incident, the man fled to the Lai Valley Local Level Government and later headed to the border of Enga and Southern Highlands . His tribesman apprehended him at Injua village near Kandep. They handed him to police on Monday. “The tribesmen did not wait for the police to make the arrest. Embiap has done an excellent job by organizing youths and pursuing the suspect all the way to Enga,” he said. “The people of Karinz LLG have set a good example by making a citizens arrest and other leaders in their respective communities must do the same to support police.”

Disabled left out in city footbridge designs

Post Courier 27 May, 2015

The two new overhead foot brides, at Hohola and Koki iPort Moresby, should have ramps for use by the disabled, says a group of people living with disabilities (PLWDs). The group, made up mostly of amputees and those on wheelchairs, said fair consideration should be given to them and laws must be in place for future public facilities to be user-friendly for PLWDs. “Accessibility of basic services and infrastructure development still remains a concern for people with disabilities,” they said in statement. “The transport system, most schools, tall buildings, private or government agencies must create a conducive environment for people with disabilities,” they said. They suggested that the review policy on disability that was before Parliament, the Government and service provider strategy must go beyond a focus on inclusive education and explicitly identify actions across the breadth of human rights areas prioritized by children with disabilities.

Children with disabilities still facing challenges

Post Courier 26 May, 2015

More than 408,000 Papua New Guinean children with disability under 15 years experience significant disadvantage, a researcher has revealed.           According to the World Report on Disability, these children were less likely to start school than children without disability, had lower rates of retention and advancement in school, were less likely to gain employment, earned less when they were employed, were likely to live in households experiencing greater poverty and material hardship and had inadequate access to health care.

In a training session held yesterday on inclusive research for children with disability, Dr Kevin Murfitt, who is a vision impaired from Deakin University, said the precise number of children with disability in PNG had not been established but, using the World Bank and the World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates of 15 per cent of world population of disability, there were estimated to be more than 408,000 children with disability under 15 years. “These conditions mean that children with disability are frequently denied their human rights mandated in the Convention on the Rights of persons with Disabilities (CRPD),” he said.

Freida Mine Update

PNG Blogs 27 May

By the close of Business today –May 27th 2015 Guandong Rising Asset Management [ GRAM] of China will have taken over 86 % controlling interest over the small Australian Mining Company Pan Aust Ltd which does not have the Financial resources to  fully develop the Frieda River Deposit in the West Sepik Province.

So, Now What does the Future hold for PNG and the Frieda Project in view of the Chinese take over of Pan Aust Ltd ?  See reference to PNG Blogs above.

Porgera’s new joint owner has a terrible record in China

Chinese Zijin Mining has bought a 49.5% stake in Barrick Gold’s already troubled Porgera mine. The new owner has a terrible environmental and human rights record in China… See url above.

LOs call on PM to stop marine park

Post Courier 27 May, 2015

About 2000 landowners have signed a petition presented to Parliament yesterday calling on Prime Minister Peter O’Neill to stop the PMIZ project until proper consultations with all stakeholders.

Sumkar MP Ken Fairwather read out the petition calling on Prime Minister O’Neill and Madang Governor Jim Kas to stop the PMIZ project in Madang. The petitioners also called on the Madang Provincial Government to immediately use its administrative powers to stop all survey, construction and any other work associated with the PMIZ development at Vidar. They also called on the Ombudsman Commission to conduct a full investigation into the expenditure of K30 million (budget approved) and any other funds by the National Government or its agencies on the PMIZ development so far. Mr Fairweather told Parliament that the local community leaders, representatives of people of the Bel Villages and Madang people during a meeting at Riwo Village on May 4 unanimously agreed to call on the Government to close the PMIZ.

Woman accused of sorcery reportedly hacked to death

The Guardian 27 May 2015

A woman accused of sorcery for the second time has been hacked to death just months after she was saved from “death row” in a remote village in the Hewa region of Papua New Guinea. The woman, known as Mifila, was killed last week, allegedly “chopped” to death by a number of attackers from another village a week’s trek away through the highlands jungle. …

Last month four people in the village of Kaiwe, near Mount Hagen, were accused of sorcery and allegedly tortured by other villagers. Two women were allegedly taken by drunken youths and tortured until they gave up the names of two men. The four were accused of witchcraft and tortured, before family and police intervened. One woman went back to her home community, but fears remained for the other three, particular the young woman.

Two chopped to death

The National 26 May, 2015

Two women were chopped to death in a sorcery-related killing in Gembogl, Chimbu, last Thursday, police say. Acting provincial police commander Chief Superintendent Albert Beli confirmed that they were looking for a Grade 10 student at Mt Wilhelm Secondary School to be questioned over the killings. The body of the first woman was thrown into her home at Irugl village near the Denglagu Catholic Mission before it was set on fire. The second woman was taken to Kundiawa Hospital but was pronounced dead on arrival. Beli said the student’s father passed away recently after a short illness.           He said the son accused the two women of practicing sorcery. Police forensic unit officers are investigating the killings. Beli is appealing to the student to turn himself in to police.

Opposition leader Don Polye recently condemned sorcery-related killings as primitive. At least six people, including two children, were killed in Madang after a group of 500 men went on a sorcery hunt in the province early this year.

PNG man gets 50 years for burning wife to death

Papua New Guinea Today 24 May, 2015

A Papua New Guinean man who poured petrol on his wife and set her alight has been jailed for 50 years. The decision was handed down by the National Court Justice Iova Geita in Wewak, East Sepik, Papua New Guinea. Justice Iova Geita jailed 40-year-old Genesis Simba of Nuigo in Wewak for killing his wife after a domestic argument at their home. The incident happened between 9pm and 10pm on Tuesday, December 16, 2008. The wife suffered 80 per cent burns to her body resulting in her death a day later at the Wewak General Hospital. Geita handed down the sentence in a packed courtroom last Thursday. Geita said domestic violence appeared to be on the increase despite new laws such as the Family Protection Act 2013 coming into play.

Govt helps settlement church

Post Courier 15 May, 2015

The All Saints Catholic Church at the once notorious Bumbu settlement in Lae received K80,000 for its social development programs. Morobe Governor Kelly Naru presented a cheque for the amount to parish priest Father Greg Domilies at the Tutumang yesterday. The money will be used to assist the church run its education, health and other social programs it runs. Mr Naru said K50,000.00 will go to the church run health clinic in Bumbu which assists the Butibam Health Centre in providing health care to the parishioners and also helps the health centre’s TB programs.   K10,000.00 each will go to the pre-school or kindergarten, elementary school and the church proper. Mr Naru said the funding stems from a visit he made to the church late last year and he was impressed with the church’s social programs in helping the government to tackle law and order issues in the settlement. “We are pleased with your commitment and you are working in difficult zone but your results are really impressive and of course you have the holy spirit protecting you and the results are there for all to see,” Mr Naru said.            He said the good work is paying off in the reduction of law and order problems. The children in the area do not have far to walk as their schools are within the area.

PM tells Widodo: We will support West Papua

The National 12 May, 2015

Papua New Guinea will work with Indonesia to “improve the lives and well-being of the Melanesian people in the Papuan provinces,” Prime Minister O’Neill says. He told visiting Indonesian President Joko Widodo at a dinner in Port Moresby last night that there were “contesting views” on the Papuan issue. “We appreciate that there is a great deal of passion and emotion in these discussions,” he said. “But it is a matter for which everyone deep down wants the same outcome – there to be peace, calm and understanding between PNG and the Papuan provinces.” PM O’Neil said, “We want to welcome to welcome our Melanesian brothers and sisters from Papua and West Papua into the Melanesian Spearhead Group, and we have to do this responsibly. He thanked Widodo for “understanding PNG’s approach to the issue.”

Health indicators improving

The National 11 May, 2015

An increase in the capacity of local health workers to manage and deliver primary health services through training and education is gradually improving health indicators in New Ireland Province, says chairman for health and Murat LLG president Herman Sole. Poliamba is now an excellent facility, with experienced staff and is becoming very self-sufficient, he said. Sister Eddie and her staff are running an excellent health centre at Kabanut, Sr Rulyn at Lambom with good clinical skills and Sr Cathy Bulu at Lamassa, are a few to name who are proactive in providing quality health care in their areas. These, among others, were achievements highlighted in recent integrated health patrol reports by the Australian Doctors International (ADI) to the very remote health centres and aid posts in the East Central New Ireland and Konoagil, in the Namatanai District. Despite the lack of efficient medical supplies – triggered by the continuously deteriorating state of public sector service delivery by the National Government – rural health workers in New Ireland are demonstrating commitment in improving the situation within their respective local communities.

Miner helps to address violence

The National 05 May, 2015

Gold mining company, Barrick (Niugini) Ltd is contributing to address family and sexual violence by training male advocates against violence in Porgera, Enga. The company initiated Restoration Justice Initiative Association (RJIA), partnering the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) and PNG/Australia Law and Justice Partnership (PALJP) to run the workshop. The two-day training last month was the first of three sessions that would have some participants undergoing further training to become male advocate trainers, capable of rolling out training and awareness to the wider community in Porgera. More than 35 people, including police, village courts officials, RJIA civil society group, council of churches, non-governmental organizations and several Barrick employees were trained by PALIP/RJIA FSV adviser Laitia Tomata, FSV experts Tevita SEUILUMI, Isi Oru, Inspector David Kila and RJIA chairman John ToGuata. Chief executive officer of RJIA Julian Whayman said the association’s partnership was a good example of how development sectors – public and private entities and the community – could come together and contribute for better development outcomes.

Woman, daughter killed in raid

Post Courier 04 May, 2015

A 15-year old girl with disability and her mother are dead following a dawn raid by neighbouring villagers in Madang last Thursday. The death toll stands at three with one seriously injured and recovering at the Modilon General Hospital. The disabled teenager had been raped in a similar attack last month.

Killing of disable girl condemned

The National 05 May, 2015

A group of people living with disable persons in Madang has condemned the murder of an innocent and defenceless eight-year-old girl colleague last week.            Sumgilbar women’s leader Ruth Arek, who worked with the group, said it was a sad story that a weak and defenceless member of the group was killed. “The girl was totally innocent and very helpless and defenceless,” she said. “I appeal to police to use all the power and strength it has to arrest the man who killed the sick girl so that her death can be justified,” Arek said. Madang police have yet to arrest suspects involved in the girl’s murder. She was killed along with her mother during an ethnic clash between two villages in Amele area outside Madang.

PM: 129 refugees offered residency

The National, 15th of May, 2015

THE Government is offering 129 asylum seekers on Manus “the opportunity to live in the country”, according to Prime Minister Peter O’Neill. He told the Lowy Institute for International Policy in Sydney yesterday that more than 400 asylum seekers “have voluntarily left PNG”. To date, 129 applicants have been deemed to be genuine refugees and are being offered the opportunity to live in PNG. “Our Government has the job of explaining that to our people and the genuine refugees will be welcomed by our people in their respective communities,” O’Neill said. “We are currently undertaking extensive public awareness and stakeholder engagement in areas where refugees will be resettled.”

80 houses in city settlement demolished

The National 04 May, 2015

More than 80 houses along 2-Mile were demolished last Thursday to make way for a reoad before the Pacific Games in July. Francis Tokai, one of the community leaders of the 2-Mile settlement area said they were not sure where to go or what to do. “What about our right?” he asked. “We have been living here since the early ‘60s when our parents first settled here. “We ourselves grew up here, had our children here, now our children are all married too and we have grandchildren.” Tokai said the Government gave eviction notices and said that they would be relocated but they were still waiting to be relocated when their houses were demolished last Thursday. However, NCD Governor Powes Parkop said that the relocation plan that was pursued by the local MP was delayed when settlers took the matter to court after receiving the eviction notices. “This project will not be ready for the Games as a result of all the complex problems,” he said. “NCDC (National Capital District Commission) had no option except to move the settlements by force as no one listened to the notices. Parkop said there would be no compensation for the illegal settlers but he would work with the Moresby South MP Justin Tkatchenko to relocate the people to either 6-Mile or Gerehu.

PM warns: Run drugs at your own risk

Post Courier, 4 May, 2015

Prime Minister Peter O’Neill has warned Papua New Guineans who may be tempted to get into drug trafficking to think twice because their lives could be at stake. Speaking yesterday on the aftermath of the Bali Nine drug gang executions and fears by PNG families that their relatives in jails in Jayapura may also face the death penalty. Mr O’Neill said he a simple message for these people. “Anyone considering transporting illegal drugs must be prepared for the consequences, and these consequences are serious,” he said. The Prime Minister admitted that there were Papua New Guineans facing drug charges in Indonesia – some failed in Australia for drugs and others in the Philippines while others were being questioned in other parts of the world. Currently there were two PNG men facing drug charges in Sentani and had been jailed in Doyo while others, believed to be numbering 15, would be facing the law because of this. He said PNG would be providing consular support to those who had been arrested and would continue to monitor the situation. More and more people carrying larger quantities of marijuana have been caught at land and sea checkpoints in recent months at the common border between PNG and Indonesia. Mr O’Neill said the Government was working through law enforcement agencies and with community organisations, including churches, to deal with these issues.

Sex crimes ignored in settlements

Post Courier 04 May, 2015

There has been a staggering increase in the number of sexual abuse cases reported in urban settlements and villages in Morobe Province this year. Angau family support centre executive Dr Lincoln Menda revealed this while speaking to the Kamkumung community in Lae over the weekend.

It was previously seen that much of the sexual abuse cases were committed outside of the family circle but much of the sexual abuse happening these days, occur in people’s own houses and the perpetrators are often blood-related relatives,” Dr Menda said. He said many of the victims are children and their cases are often ignored because they are viewed by families as unimportant to the older perpetrator. According to Dr Menda the centre deals with an estimated deals with an estimated 20 to 30 patients every day, and many of them are seen to be women and children, who reside in the urban settlements and villages in Lae. “The number has increased to about 50 per cent in the first quarter of this year compared to the previous years and it continues to increase every single day. “Sexual abuse in the family shouldn’t be ignored because it is a criminal act and it is treated similarly to the ones that occur outside the family circle,” he added.

Firm Gives Tent, Food Items To Homeless Children

The National, 5th May, 2015

Two tents and some food and clothing were donated to Life PNG Care by Industrial Sales and Service in Port Moresby to house homeless children. They were received by Life PNG Care national director Collin Pake. “With the tents, we will be able to cater for 70-80 homeless street kids, this will bring short-term solution in line with the National Capital District Commission’s plan of trying to get the homeless kids off the street in preparation for the Pacific Games and other international events,” Pake said. He said giving hope to one child was better than doing nothing. “So our aim is to at least send someone to school and create a family environment.“Give them a home and let them live in a family environment, be part of the family and grow up so that they can become a good parent. Without a family, we will not have a strong community and without that we will not have a good nation. Family is the fabric of our society, when the family falls apart that is when we see social issues and problems arise. “We can provide short-term accommodation for the homeless kids but they have to go back into the streets after the Games.”

Businesses chip in for homeless kids

Post Courier 04 May, 2015

One organisation is responding to the National Capital District Commission’s plan to take children off the streets during the July Pacific Games, but this may be a temporary solution. Life PNG Care founder Collin Pake and his wife Freda are willing to shelter 60 to 70 street children in addition to the 22 who live with them in their rented home at Gerehu in Moresby Northwest. They said they could not take in anymore due to limited resources. On Saturday, a business executive came to their aid by donating two tents, bags of clothing and cartons of food valued at K5,000.00. ISAS director for sales and marketing John Stanson was accompanied by like-minded friend to deliver the donation.

Mr. Stanton did not have much to say, thanking the Pakes for their selfless work in helping the unfortunate children. His friends Bill May, from Logistics International Ltd, and Peter White, a former policeman, works with the Australian High Commission, hut is also the director/secretary of the Royal PNG Constabulary Legacy Inc that fundraises and puts to school orphans of policemen and women.

The three men said they hoped that the Government would see this and do something to help the street children. “We hope the government sees what we are doing and come on board and support,” said Mr May. According to Mr Pake, there are about 5,000 children living off the streets in Port Moresby.About 60 to 70 of them come at nights to sleep at LPC home and will be using the two tents that are donated by Mr Stanson. Mr Pake also confirmed the recent Post Courier report that the NCDC had plans to remove kids off the streets in the lead up to the Pacific Games and had called a meeting with a few service providers to find out how they can work together in the program. However, LPC and the City Mission have both reported that they could not stretch their limited resources to take any more kids.

Opportunity to return to death penalty debate

Post Courier 01 May, 2015

The execution yesterday of the Bali Nine – Australians Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran as well as six others in Indonesia – has again turned the international spotlight on the death penalty.

The reaction from Australia yesterday to their execution has been instantaneous with Canberra recalling its ambassador to Indonesia for consultation and international condemnation continuing as the immediate families of those executed come to terms with their loss. The Papua New Guinea Government has been watching the developments on the other side of the border with interest with Prime Minister Peter O’Neill indicating last month that his Government could review its policy on capital punishment, which it introduced in 2013 in response to public outcry over deadly violence targeting women as well as increasing corruption. There are currently 13 Papua New Guineans who are on death row, pending behind-the-scenes work by the Department of Attorney General & Justice to put in place an appropriate method of state-sanctioned executions. …The focus on the execution of the Bali Nine opens up a window of opportunity for the PNG Government to reengage with Papua New Guineans to discuss a way forward

Solomon Islands police wary of Bougainville gun running: commissioner

Solomon Star May 07,2015, Story courtesy of ABC Radio Australia

Police in Solomon Islands are investigating the source of a gun that was recently found in the capital, Honiara, in the possession of a group of men from Bougainville. It’s alleged the home-made weapon was brandished by the men after the car they were travelling in was involved in an accident. While the origin of the gun is not yet clear, the issue of firearms being smuggled across the PNG border from Bougainville to Solomon Islands is an ongoing one. Solomon Islands police commissioner Frank Prendergast says his officers are becoming more active in the border region.

Push to fight against violence on children

21 May 2015

The visiting Special Representative of the UN Secretary General (SRSG), Marta Santos Pais along with the Solomon Islands Government are pushing to fight against violence against children.The visit into the country supplemented this effort, urging the government on a five year programme on eliminating violence against children.

“It is key for the protection of children from violence that the Child and Family Welfare Bill is enacted and implemented, and the Family Protection Act effectively enforced,” said Ms. Santos Pais. She added, this is important in preventing and ending violence against children and strengthening government services, especially the social welfare department services to secure child protection.

Student Boycotts Are Reasonable Responses To Decades Long Government Coverups On How Bad PNG School have Become

See at May

PNG development is ‘nomadic’

Post Courier, May 12,2015, 06:00 pm

Successive governments have approached national infrastructure development programs “like nomads” where there was no sustainability and maintenance of what was built, Prime Minister Peter O’Neill said in Madang at the weekend. “We have been behaving like nomads in the last 40 years, where we kept building new infrastructure that we failed to maintain,” Mr O’Neill said. “We cannot go on like this,” he said. Mr O’Neill was speaking at the opening of several infrastructure projects at the Divine Word University campus last Saturday. He said the country cannot continue to operate in the nomadic mode and his government was ensuring that run-down infrastructure is being upgraded and new ones being built are of high quality that would last.

Free Education Sees More Girls In School

Post- Courier 07th May 2015

More girls are now attending schools throughout the country since the introduction of free education, National Planning Minister Charles Abel said yesterday. Minister Abel shared this as a PNG experience at the opening of the first APEC High Level Policy Dialogue in Port Moresby. “In the area of education we decided that the Government had to get all children into school so they can prepare for brighter futures. As such we delivered a policy of fee free education and now the National Government pays all fees. This policy has nearly doubled the number of children in school to almost 2 million. Importantly girls in our families are benefitting from the free education policy. Because, before we had fee free education, often it was the girls of poorer families that missed out on school because of cost. Now primary and secondary schools are free and children have the opportunity, indeed they exercise their right to attend school,” Minister Abel said. He said the implementation of this fee free education also has its own challenges. “Nearly doubling the number of school students in the space of a few years has placed pressure on student-teacher ratios. But this was a choice that we made so that we would increase opportunity through education sooner rather than later. We are working to overcome these challenges with an increase in teacher education places in our universities and colleges, and we are building new schools and classrooms,” Minister Abel added.

PNG’s settlements – beer, loud music, drugs & gambling


IT’S another Friday evening and a short distance away from our house a bass speaker can be heard pumping music at force into the airwaves.

The screams of drunken ecstasy and sound of beer bottles smashing on the road send shivers along our spine as we sense that trouble is just around the corner…. So on Friday our family knows that the coming weekend will be agonisingly long for us as we have to weather the nuisance that starts early in the morning, peaks in the evening and continues until Sunday….

For full article, see the url above.


Our disabled people too often find there’s nothing to live for

By FRANCIS NII 20 May 2015 Source

IN Papua New Guinea, people with a disability – people like me – are marginalised and neglected. They experience misery on daily basis. Chauvinism and poverty are the two killers of disabled people in our society, particularly paraplegics and polio victims. Public ridicule and stigmatisation are the worst forms of chauvinism, creating social barriers that deter disabled people from exercising their freedom of movement and participating equally in programs and activities. People make mock them and call them names when they see them in public places. Hence, in fear of being ridiculed and stigmatised, disabled people isolate themselves in the seclusion of the home. …. For full article, see the url above.

Aid to PNG: a long game

By Stuart Schaefer on May 11, 2015

As the former head of aid in PNG, I was often asked, “why are we still giving $500 million a year in aid to PNG”? To put Australia’s aid to PNG in perspective, the ACT government spends more than the whole PNG aid budget on our public hospitals alone ($900 million in 2012-13). As many Devpolicy readers know, PNG’s population of 7.5 million (around 20 times that of the ACT), is spread over rugged and unforgiving terrain around twice the size of Victoria.

For full article, see url above.

Church helps prisoners

The National, Friday May 22nd, 2015

THE Catholic Church in West Sepik is conducting a spiritual rehabilitation programme for PNG citizens serving time in Doyo prison, Indonesia. Father Valencius from the Waromo parish in West Sepik has been visiting prisoners at Sentani in the Papua province to help in their rehabilitation.

Valencius said the aim was for them to contribute positively to their communities after serving their terms. “We visit to comfort them on behalf of their relatives and to make them feel that PNG still cares for them,” he said. PNG Ambassador to Indonesia Peter Ilau had earlier said there were 15 PNG prisoners serving various sentences including for marijuana smuggling. Two more were detained for smuggling marijuana in Jayapura two months ago. A source in Vanimo, said that Dojo prison was mainly for drug smugglers and political prisoners. “The rehabilitation programme is good.  “The prison officials will identify your skills and will include you in their rehabilitation programmes,” the source said. “You will be invited to pass your skills to other prisoners. You can pass your skills to the surrounding communities.”

Bishops renew call to oppose death penalty

Post Courier 01 May, 2015

The Catholic Church has renewed its opposition to the death penalty in the wake of the execution of the Bali Nine drug gang in Indonesia on Wednesday. Among the church’s opposition to the death penalty, was the likelihood of making a mistake and convicting and executing someone who is innocent. Research had shown that in the United States, 140 people were executed, who later were discovered to be innocent. The Church, through the Catholic Bishops Conference of PNG and the Solomon Islands, noted in a pastoral letter that many countries had abolished the death penalty.The Conference president Bishop Arnold Orowae described capital punishment as an “extreme act of violence performed in the name of the people.” “We, the bishops of Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, strongly oppose the use of the death penalty,” he added. “It has no place in a Christian country where true justice and mercy should prevail. Where executions are performed by the State, the people develop the attitude that it is acceptable to respond to violence with violence. “We pray that the rejection of this form of public violence will set an example and lead to a rejection of domestic violence and all other forms of violence in our society and open the way to a lasting peace.” Bishop Orowae said Pope Francis had recently pointed out the diference between defending one’s self against an attack and killing someone who had been rendered harmless and is incapable of attacking you. Among the church’s opposition to the death penalty, was the likelihood of making a mistake and convicting and executing someone who did not commit a crime and is innocent.The bishop said research had shown that in the United States, between 1900 and 1985, 140 people were executed, who later were discovered to be innocent. “The death penalty is final. Once someone has been executed his or her life cannot be restored. It can be fair and just to impose a life imprisonment on someone for a very serious crime.”

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Social Concerns Notes – April 2015

Govt Takes First Steps To Address Child Labour

Post-Courier 09 April, 2015

Child labour is a growing problem which the Government wants tackled to protect the future generations. It has taken the first step to address this by announcing plans to set up a child labour unit to respond to queries on child labour issues. Work on the unit is almost complete. Next week, Papua New Guinea will be participating in the first sub-regional forum on combating child labour and trafficking, and will share some of its knowledge and practical experiences on these issues. The other objectives are to develop media guidelines/communication strategies for advocating on child labour and trafficking issues, and to develop a sub-regional strategy for action and country strategies. He said there had been projects initiated by international organisations on this issue but they were only for a certain period of time and they were no more to be heard of, so it was important that the government took up the issue and led it. “Do we want the next generation to come out from a decent upbringing?’’ he asked. “In ILO, we are here to provide the support, but it is important for government to provide the support and sustain the activities of child labour for 2015 and onwards,’’ said Mr Samuel.

He said ILO defines child labour as when a child was engaged in the worst forms of employment. It is also a work that impinges on the rights of proper upbringing of a child. He said there were different categories, but one of the clear examples was when a child who was supposed to be in school was made to assume the responsibilities of parents which affected his or her education and future.

Street Kids Reprieve

Post-Courier 20th April, 2015

Homeless children will be taken off the streets of the national capital in the lead-up to the start of the Pacific Games in Port Moresby and housed in shelters as part of long-term plans to rehabilitate them. This was made known at the launch of the revised Lukautim Pikinini Act at city hall recently. The act paves the way for the Government to work in partnership with service providers dealing with child welfare. NCDC’s urban youth desk will be conducting profiles of all the street kids and those who are found to have no parents will be taken off the streets and referred to the service providers, which are mostly non-government organisations, where they will be sheltered and hopefully engaged in some form of activity to keep them busy and off the streets. Those with parents will be taken back to their parents. It is believed that if the program is successful it could be replicated in other towns and cities of PNG experiencing similar challenges. NCD has the country’s largest number of homeless, poverty-stricken street children, who beg for cash at the city’s numerous traffic lights, collect used aluminum cans for recycling or sell cheap Asian-made products in front of shops and offices. It is also known that among these kids are also those who have parents but for various reasons are living off the streets. At the end of the day, these kids return home and return the next day to continue their daily chores on the streets. Experience from around the world show municipal authorities in the host cities of international sporting events building extra shelter to cater for the homeless. It is not known if the program funded by the NCDC will also cater for homeless adults, who are also increasing in numbers. A 2011 International Labour Organisation report on commercial sexual exploitation of children and children working on the streets in Port Moresby identified children who were doing “hazardous work” that included chopping firewood for sale, moving furniture, loading and unloading boxes heavier than their little bodies could carry.

[What will happen to these children after the games? Maybe the government can provide some with a ticket to watch the games they are being hidden from? Ed]

Pilot project brings positive changes

Post-Courier 21st April, 2015

A UNDP trial project that intends to support the government’s development goals in rural PNG is progressing well in terms of improving living standards of local people. More than 1200 villagers of Musendai village in Dreikikir district, East Sepik Province, are seeing positive changes in the areas of income generation, health and education since the inception of the pilot project in 2012. The trial project, which has three year duration, was established by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) with K480, 000 funding assistance from the European Union and has been used to initiate a number of basic capacity buildings for the people there. According to the ward councilor Joel Cornelius, the pilot project has brought more improvement to the lives of local people in terms of improved education, improved health services and facilitating seizure of income generating opportunities.

Bougainville Referendum preparations underway

Post Courier, March 29, 2015

Between 2015 and 2020, the Autonomous Region of Bougainville is expected to conduct a referendum on the future political status of Bougainville as set out in the Bougainville Peace Agreement (BPA).

In preparation for implementing this final pillar of the road map for peace, the Joint Supervisory Body (JSB) meeting on March 13 had endorsed the work streams that would be undertaken in the next few months by both the Autonomous Bougainville Government (ABG) and the National Government.

The work streams endorsed include;

  • Developing a framework of procedures for active participation and consultation with all stakeholders in Bougainville, Papua New Guinea and the two governments,
  • Weapons disposal assessment,
  • Develop for the two governments criteria allowing non-resident Bougainvilleans to vote
  • Good governance assessment
  • Establishing a process for determining the question(s) to be put to the people,
  • Establishing the independent Administrative Agency and Financing the Referendum and
  • Review of the provisions for the conduct of the referendum.

At the recent JSB meeting in Arawa, Central Bougainville, President of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville John Momis urged the Referendum Committee comprising officials of both Governments to meet regularly and move fast to progress referendum preparations.

He said this would allow for important decisions on the date for the referendum, the charter for the conduct of referendum and other necessary milestones regarding the preparations for the conduct of the referendum to be made by the two governments through the respective Bi-Partisan Committee.

Work in progress to set up human rights body

The National, Monday March 30th, 2015

A HUMAN Rights Commission will be established in the country. A project management unit led by Francis Tavatuna is working to implement Government’s decision to set up a commission. It is working on the database to register human rights abuse cases. Tavatuna, in a statement, said the purpose of the unit was to implement the Government’s decision for the setting up and structure of the Human Rights Commission and the Bill on the Organic Law on human rights, plus the amendments to the Constitution. The final reading of the Bill is expected in Parliament in May. “We will start registering cases and look at their merits next month once the database and mechanism are in place,” Tavatuna said. He said they were yet to discuss with the Department of Personal Management where its office would be located – with the Ministry of Justice and Attorney-General or Ministry of Community Development. Cabinet has allocated K10.9 million to operate the Human Rights Commission office.

800,000 people in country are disabled, Kapi says

The National, Monday March 30th, 2015

ABOUT 10 per cent or 800,000 of Papua New Guinea’s seven million people have disability, the chairman of the PNG Rehabilitation Centre Brown Kapi says. That means they have to seek extra services so they can make their life as people with disability as normal as possible, he said.

Speaking on National Disability Day yesterday in Port Moresby, Kapi revealed the figures and said: “The Government has to look at how the disabled people will have proper access to basic education, health, the transport system and legal services. Accessibility to basic government service is our concern, but how can our voice be heard?”

It was not about celebrating the day, Kapi said, but looking beyond the disabilities to potential and to become useful and contribute meaningfully towards  development. Under the theme “change begins within a person”, Kapi urged those with disability that they still had the potential to do better.

More than 100 disabled from three Port Moresby electorates – South, North-West and North-East – observed the day at the centre. Kapi said although having the disability policy in place, there was no proper legislation or Act that would empower the people to express themselves easily for normal human activities.

80 per cent of population do not bank

The National, Monday March 30th, 2015

EIGHTY per cent of the population in Papua New Guinea does not have access to financial services, an official says. The figure translates to about five million citizens without the services, with social and economic conditions influencing the exclusion.

Those observations were made by PNG Women in Business chief executive officer Tushari Hewapathiram and Bank of Papua New Guinea Deputy Governor Ben Popoitai during the launch of the Lae branch of Women’s Micro Bank last Friday.

“There are five million people without a bank account in PNG, we need partners like Women’s Micro Bank to help us reach out and bank the five million people in the next 10 to 20 years. We want the whole of PNG to be banking,” Popotai said.

“The majority of the population is out of the formal financial sector, with the statistics claimed that 86 per cent of the population does not have access to financial services,” Hewapathiram said.

“Women account higher percentage of the financial exclusion and the majority of them are financially disempowered,” she said. “Rural women, for example, are disadvantaged on multiple levels as they are often physically far from financial institutions and services, have lower levels of education and lower levels of income.”

The road that became a bridge – but what now for the settlements?

30 March 2015

THE Erima flyover bridge is the first truly remarkable example of public infrastructure built in Papua New Guinea and the South Pacific. Costing K160 million, its construction represents a noteworthy achievement for the government and people of PNG. Prior to the construction of the bridge, the Erima shopping centre was linked to the Erima Settlements located near Waigani Golf Course by a couple of tracks that ran through the old Hugo sawmill. Over time these tracks developed into roads and then into a new freeway to be connected to the bridge from the Waigani Arts Centre.

Building a flyover bridge was an expensive way to address traffic congestion in this part of Port Moresby and there is still uncertainty over its use. There is a feeling that the flyover bridge was built just to cater for VIPs during the hosting of international events like the 2018 APEC Summit.

Some people are even more skeptical, suggesting that the bridge is merely an attempt by government to blindfold foreign dignitaries to the filthy and disorganised state of Erima. Whatever, one thing is for sure and that is that the flyover bridge will bring the Erima settlements into full view.

This could spell trouble for the settlers if the government is determined to present a more progressive illusion of Port Moresby to foreign dignitaries. Settlers living near the bridge are also anxious that it will increase the likelihood of attracting development that may jeopardise their wellbeing. Already there are rumours that remnants of the Waigani Arts Centre settlement will be evicted. The scenic views and proximity to Central Waigani and the airport could turn this part of Port Moresby into a most sought-after address. Plans are already in pipeline to turn the old Hugo sawmill into a “city within a city” development. Equipped with all the amenities suitable for the middle to top income earners it is expected to change Erima into a top class suburb.

The flyover bridge at Erima will forever be remembered as the road that became a bridge. There are

those who call Erima home who are sensing that change is coming that will alter their lives forever.

For them it is important that the government clearly informs them about Erima’s future. In the absence of information settlers live in uncertainty and anxiety. For these people it is time to brace themselves for what could be a most challenging and life-altering event.

Thousands take part in annual pilgrimage

Post Courier, April 07, 2015

More than 5000 faithful of the Catholic Church and other Christian denominations came together to walk the path that Christ took on the way to his crucifixion. Thousands flock to the first station at Murray Barracks, while others waited at their respective stations enroute to St Johns parish at Tokarara, where a mass honouring the cross was celebrated with Archbishop John Ribat being the main celebrant. The seven hour walk had people from all walks of life, health conditions, age and race walk together as one in the steps of the man who brought them all together. Noticed in the crowd were pregnant mothers, very young children, elderly and very light skinned people turning red in the hot sun. There was a young albino lady who was caught sacrificing her comfort, all out of love. The streets of Port Moresby came to a stand still as the big white cross was carried through, as thousands followed in prayer. Those who took part had their own reasons. Robert from St Joseph said Jesus at his time endured more gruelling pain than what we are all experiencing now. “We are commemorating the walk of humility and the pain he bore to Calvary were he died,” Robert said. The young albino teenager, Anne from St Michaels, said her sacrifice to literally turn red in the sun was a way to remember that Christ went through a lot to die on the cross for her sins.

Schoolgirl lodges porn complaint

The National, Tuesday April 7th, 2015

A SCHOOLgirl has lodged a complaint with police against fellow students who have been circulating a pornographic image on their mobile phones, claiming it was her in it. The complaint was lodged on March 23 at the Badili police station in Port Moresby. The police station commander was not available for comment. But a police officer at the station familiar with the case said the girl had accused her fellow students of circulating the photo of a naked woman on their mobile phones. “The accusers were circulating the photo accusing and taunting the victim of being the one in the photo,” the officer said.

The officer said the girl who came from a strong Christian family was humiliated and reported the matter to her parents. “The parents then reported the matter to us,” he said. He said they had referred the matter to the school to sort out. “We have referred the matter to the school to conduct their own investigation and solve this matter at their level,” the officer said. “But if the board cannot solve the matter, we will conduct a thorough investigation and lay criminal charges.” He said police planned “to round up all the (students) accusers and confiscate their mobile phones to determine (who was circulating) the picture”.

Operation ‘Weedim Grass’ strong

Post Courier, April 28, 2015

MARIJUANA plants that estimated at street value of K50, 000 has been uprooted thanks to Simbu Drug Squad’s “Weedim Grass” operation. Commander detective Yatefa Welis disclosed “weedim grass” operation is in its third year and the outcome of the operation were impressive. More than 300 people were convicted and more than 500 cylinder bottles were destroyed including uprooting of more than 115 thousand marijuana trees in less than two years of operation. “Drug squad here in Simbu are doing all its best trying to weed out marijuana cultivations. Highlands region is known to grow some of the finest marijuana plants therefore we are using every resources available to track down people growing these plants and weed out everything grown,” he said. Last week, among other duties of the operation, Welis said in one of the hill tops in a village between Korofeigu and Kintinu along the Okuk highway in the Eastern Highlands Province, a total of 453 marijuana plants were uprooted. “That’s around street value of K50, 000 plus,” Welis said. In other places where “weedim grass” operation has touched with confiscation of illegal items such as cylinder bottles (etc) and uprooting of marijuana plants includes Watabum, Asaro, Daulo, and Upper Bena.

Canada mining firm compensates Papua New Guinea women after alleged rapes

The National, Tuesday, April 7, 2015

A Canada-based gold mining company is paying compensation to a group of tribal women and girls who allege they were assaulted and raped by police and security guards at the company’s mine in Papua New Guinea. The 11 women, who were aged between 14 and in their 80s when the alleged crimes took place, are among 137 local Enga women and girls who had previously been compensated by Barrick Gold Corporation, after allegations of sexual violence, including gang rape and imprisonment, by armed security guards and police officers at the Porgera mine.

Most of the 137 women accepted the company’s offer of a compensation package under a “remedy framework” set up by Barrick as an alternative to the local judicial system, after a Human Rights Watch report in 2011 identified a pattern of extreme sexual violence by security personnel at the mine.

But 11 of the women initially refused and argued that the compensation – on average 23,630 kina, which amounts to $8,743 – was not adequate to remedy the multiple and continuing traumas they had suffered. One, who was 14 at the time of the alleged rape in 2010, said what happened to her halted her education and ruined her reputation and chance at marriage in her culture. She said she wanted sufficient compensation to start a life for herself and daughter elsewhere.

One of the 11 women represented by ERI, who is now 18, said she and two friends had been asked by mobile police officers to make string bags for them in 2010. But instead of taking them to the ATM machine for payment, the armed officers took them in the police car to their living quarters at the mine site, where they were raped. Mobile police at the mine are not employed by Barrick directly but have a support agreement with the company.

In a statement provided by ERI, the woman said: “The rape has caused me to lose many important things in my life. I used to be a top student in my fifth grade class. I was good at school, and I enjoyed it. I could have really made something of myself if I had been able to stay in school. But after I was raped, everyone knew and my classmates were always talking about me. It was too difficult to deal with, so I dropped out. I tried to go back last year, but the kids said such bad things about me. I was so ashamed that I stopped going.”

She later married, but when her husband found out about the rape, they divorced, leaving her to look after a two-year-old daughter alone.

Solomons MPs get tax free pay

SolomonStar Published: 24 April 2015

MEMBERS of Parliament are now enjoying tax free salaries as of April 1 this year. Parliamentary Entitlements Commission (PEC) awarded the tax free benefits to MPs under recent changes it made to MPs entitlements. That’s beside the tax free $400,000 terminal grant each MP gets after a term in parliament. Under recent awards, MPs’ discretionary fund was also increased from $300,000 a year to $500,000. In addition, basic salaries of MPs have been increased by 3.5% backdated to April 2014 and 4% from this April onwards.

Transparency Solomon Islands (TSI) yesterday described the MP’s tax free salary as “a first in the developing world”. It estimated that the Government will lose about $2.2 million each year from tax on MPs’ salaries. Meanwhile, TSI is calling on the government to remove Members of Parliament (MPs) in the composition of the Parliamentary Entitlement Commission (PEC).

Officer clarifies refugee policy

The National, Thursday April 9th, 2015

CHIEF Migration Officer Mataio Rabura has clarified that there is no refugee policy yet to allow asylum seekers in Manus to settle in the country. Rabura said the policy had been drafted and awaiting clarifications from the Australian government. “After the policy is finalised, it will be submitted to Cabinet to be approved,” he said. “In the meantime, asylum seekers we have approved to come out of the detention centre are now undergoing an orientation programme. This is to get them familiar with PNG society, culture, politics – basically a general knowledge of PNG.” Rabura was responding to an ABC report on Iranian asylum seeker Reza Mollagholipour, a civil engineer, who claims he has not been allowed by immigration officials to get a job in PNG. Rabura said refugees would be assisted with job placements arranged through Immigration after they had successfully undergone the orientation programme. “He (Mollagholipour) still needs an interpreter. Therefore he needs further English language lessons,” Rabura said.

Asylum-seekers heading home from Manus: Peter O’Neill

Post Courier, April 08, 2015, Story courtesy of (PINA) Pacific Island News Association

Asylum-seekers at Manus Island processing centre are choosing to return to their home countries in greater numbers than is being made public, according to Papua New Guinea Prime Minister Peter O’Neill. The unreported flow back to countries of origin comes as Australia’s nearest neighbour claims a growing acceptance among asylum-seekers about the processes adopted by PNG.

“We are quietly sending more people back to their home countries than has been published,” he said during a visit to Melbourne last week. Official figures released by Australia’s Operation Sovereign Borders show eight Iraqis, six Iranians and one Lebanese agreed to return in February.

The number of asylum-­seekers in the Manus centre fell from 1023 at the end of January to 1004 at the end of February, and is likely to have fallen below 1000 last month ­ although the March figures are not available. In February, 298 interim assessments were completed, with 163 asylum-seekers found to be refugees and claims by 135 rejected. Eleven moved into a new transit centre built to house those given positive assessments, at East Lorengau on Manus.

Zurenuoc: World Leaders Will Be Safe

PostCourier 09 April, 2015

Highest level of security will be provided to world leaders attending the 2018 Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Leaders meeting in Port Moresby. The APEC Coordination Authority said this when revealing the proposed venues for the 2018 APEC Summit. Its chairman Sir Manasupe Zurenuoc said these meeting precincts would be able to offer the highest level of security and protection that will ensure the safety of leaders, ministers, delegates and members of the public. The 21 APEC member leaders to attend included presidents and prime ministers of United States, Russia, China, Japan, Indonesia, Australia, Canada, Korea, Chinese Taipei (Taiwan), Thailand, Vietnam, Mexico, Chile, Peru, Brunei, Singapore, Hong Kong, the Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand and New Zealand. He said the focus for APEC activity during leaders’ week would be the soon to be built Hilton Hotel and the Ela Beach/Paga Hill Ring Road. A cruise ship would be moored at the existing mooring facility with requirement to provide energy, water and sanitary services. He said the APEC calendar is a full year of events and meetings with the first senior officials meeting likely take place in January 2018 so as not to conflict with Chinese New year. He said the APEC Leaders’ Meeting was likely to take place over the weekend of November 17-18 in 2018 and being a weekend would minimise disruption to residents and businesses.

Islanders Running Out Of Water

PNGLOOP, 6th April, 2015

Weeks of no rain in Manus is having an effect on islanders who rely heavily on rain catchment for their livelihood. Mbuke islanders on the south cost of Manus have resorted to rationing the little fresh water catchment they have from the village community tanks that is now supplying them. A local on the island, Kiliwi Kilangis, told PNG loop it has been over a month since it last rained on the island and their rain catchments have run out too. “Our gardens will dry out soon too,” he says. Another local, Chalapan Matangiau,  says last week the last of the seven community tanks were being used to supply water to households that have run out of fresh drinking water. For now, the people have resorted to village wells for the washing and laundry while they continue rationing fresh drinking water.

Students empowered to fight corruption

Post Courier, April 20, 2015

STUDENTS from 10 schools in Port Moresby opted to use their holiday to participate in a Media Smart Youth workshop to develop their knowledge in and how to use media to advocate against corruption. The workshop, which is a collaborative effort between Transparency International (PNG) and Youths Against Corruption Association (YACA), is one of the many activities aimed at getting young people to fight against corruption. Emily Taule, the executive director of Transparency (PNG) International, said a lot of their work is done through coalitions with other organisations.

“The Youth Against Corruption is part of that coalition where we aim to build relationships, to maintain those relationships and moreover through YACA to empower the people to take up an active choice against corruption,” Ms Taule said. As part of their program, the student participants were put into groups, where they had to use different mediums of the media to put what they learnt into practice. The groups shared their produced pieces in the likes of a blog, video, photography and a catchy radio jingle.

PNG’s position on the international corruption index continues to be very bad, and paints a bad image of the country.

Theft of dinghies hinder delivery of health services

Post Courier April 23, 2015

SEVEN dinghies belonging to health authorities in Milne Bay Province have been stolen since the beginning of this year, provincial police chief Joseph Morehari said yesterday. Mr Morehari said only one has been recovered, while the other seven may be in the hands of sea pirates who frequent Milne Bay waters. The thefts of Health Department dinghies had alarmed the provincial health authority chief executive officer Billy Naidi, who said yesterday that medical emergency referrals to the provincial hospital in Alotau had been affected. Mr Naidi said that two dinghies bought by the local MP had just been stolen, but he could not confirm if they were being used for sea piracy.

“Stealing of dinghies is a common occurrence from time to time in a year, not necessarily used by criminals,” he said. He said despite the thefts, health authorities were managing to service their mobile clinics. Chief Superintendant Morehari said one East Cape villager, allegedly involved in the theft of the dinghy which had been recovered, had been arrested and locked up.

Four accused of witchcraft in highlands; Locals threaten to burn them to death

Post Courier, April 23, 2015   Story courtesy of ABC Radio Australia

Four people in the highlands region are accused of witchcraft and could be burned to death, local human rights activists say. Those accused are two women and two men from Kaiwe, near Mount Hagen in Western Highlands. The two women were tortured in an attempt to get them to confess and locals threatened to burn them if a witch finder, known as a “glassman”, said they were sorcerers.

Local resident and human rights defender Paul Petrus told Radio Australia’s Pacific Beat program villagers collected tyres in preparation for burning the women. “If the glassman comes and proves that these people are sorcerers, they will burn them to death … with tyres to burn them,” he said.

Kamane Wauga, senior program officer with Oxfam PNG’s sorcery program in Western Highlands, confirmed the women were tortured. “While they were tortured they’ve been interrogated … about whether they are sorcerers and how they performed the sorcery, what were the implements,” he said.

He said the two women were now living with relatives, waiting for the glassman’s verdict.

Maggie Truwai, a Catholic church worker in Mount Hagen, said the accusations of witchcraft began when locals started dying because of disease and the community felt it must be because of black magic. “There were a few deaths, mostly at the beginning of this year … so now the community … say sorcery was one of the causes of these deaths,” she said. Police were called into Kaiwe on Sunday to respond to the situation. “The police are aware of it … and when the torturing was in progress they went in and told them to stop and faced those at the scene,” Mr Petrus said. “The public who were there they told them to go away. “Then they came back and told them to stop their behaviour or they will be brought to justice if they are caught.” Mr Petrus said he spoke to the provincial police commander who told him it was difficult to identify who was behind the actions .

“The police, they can’t really get the job done and actually rescue these two women and take them out and put them in a safe location,” he said. “It’s a bit complicated when the police are negotiating with the community.”

Big challenge for higher education

The National, Monday April 27th, 2015

THE number of Grade 12 graduates will increase from about 21,000 last year to 114,028 by 2050, says the Minister for Higher Education, Research, Science and Technology.

Malakai Tabar said that was based on past statistics from the Education Department.

Of these, it would be fair to estimate that at least 30 per cent (34,208) will likely seek entry into universities and colleges, he said.

“This estimated demand is likely to increase even further, perhaps even double or triple.”

Tabar said this would eventuate: “If we fully-factor-in the effect of recent policy and social changes, such as the Government’s tuition fee free policy, removal of various exit points in secondary schooling and the fact that generally parents are seen wanting their children to stay in school longer.”

Tabar said the higher and technical education sector clearly had a huge task on hand.

“Our challenge is to provide sufficient student places to accommodate these increased demands and ensure that quality and relevance of our academic and training programmes do not decrease but increase.

“We have to ensure that these places are for study in academic and training programmes that will result in graduates who are highly-competent needed in the country.”

“This is the only way forward to create a brighter future for PNG and in particular a smart, fair, wise, healthy and happy society.”

The Word of God — How do we understand the term?

[Note, with various overly “literal” undertandings of the term circulating these days associated with the King James Bible, here is an explanation in the New Jerusalem Biblical Commentary (p. 1033.)]

“This traditional formula (Word of God), apparently simple, is extremely complex and polyvalent. Some Protestant evangelicals affirm an almost physical identity between the Scriptures and words actually spoken by God, rejecting as inadequate the view that the Scriptures attest to the word of God. Other Christians can affirm that the Bible is the word of God while maintaining that God has never communicated in words. Some Protestant theologians affirm that the word of God is a dynamic reality; accordingly, Jesus is preeminently the Word of God (Barth). The Scriptures are truly the word of God when they become alive in proclamation and preaching (Bultmann). Cardinal Martini has helpfully distinguished various senses of the expression “word of God.” Basically it suggests divine communicability. Thus it can refer to (1) the events of salvific history because Hebrew dabar means “word, event, reality.” (2) the spoken message of divine emissaries, esp. the prophets and Jesus; (3) the person of Jesus who is the Word of God; (4) Christian preaching; (5) God’s general message to human beings; (6) the Bible.

Though canonized by long usage, “word of God”should not be used of the Scriptures without further hermeneutical reflection.. True, it highlights the divine origins of the biblical communication and expresses its reality and force. Nevertheless, the “word of God” in the Jewish and Christian traditions is radically different from the divine oracles of ancient Hellenistic and Near Eastern religions — it is intended not simply to impart truth but to encourage, console, challenge, etc. Since the words contained in the Scriptures are, in the only written reality they possess, human words, “word of God” is necessarily analogous language. A distance is maintained conceptually between the scriptural expression and the self-communication of God in itself, even in the case of the prophets. Theologically it is less confusing to state that the Scriptures witness to the Word of God.”

The Passion of Papua New Guinea. Easter Message 2015.

By Archbishop Douglas Young, Mount Hagen

This Easter, occurring as we prepare for the fortieth anniversary of our Independence, I have been thinking not only of the passage of Jesus’ body from suffering, pain and death to a glorified body, but also of the passage of his soul, from rejection, betrayal, mockery and abandonment to a “glorified soul”.

We are familiar with the physical sufferings of Jesus: his torture through beatings by soldiers in the miscarriage of justice called his “trial”, his scourging, his crowning with thorns, his carrying of the cross through the streets of Jerusalem, his falls, his humiliating public stripping, his being nailed to the cross, his struggles to breathe, and eventually his death, followed by further damage to his body by a spear being thrust in his side. It should not be too difficult for us to relate our own aches and pains, as well as our own life threatening injuries and illnesses to some aspects of the physical passion of Jesus. There is hardly anything that can happen to our body that is not reflected in some way in the suffering of Christ.

We can see similar scars on the body of the nation itself: a justice system which appears to be failing the poor, all kinds of unnecessary suffering as a result of an ailing heath system, poor roads, alcohol and drug abuse, violence and crimes at all levels of society. We can even see the current crisis with TB as part of Jesus’ own struggles to breathe as he loses the strength needed to push himself upwards. Sadly, there are also people in our society who have lost the traditional respect for life and feel that they have a right to strip and torture others, especially the weak and defenseless, in order to obtain “confessions” of sanguma. I am struck by the close parallels of what was done to Jesus and what is still done today to those accused of sorcery. That should be enough evidence of who is really behind these allegations!

And at a time when we are all appalled at the unjust death sentence imposed on Jesus, we are still debating whether we have the right to kill our own citizens in the name of justice, arguing along with Caiaphas that it is better that some die to keep the nation safe

At Easter all of Jesus’ physical suffering is vindicated. It is glorified. The physical scars of Jesus remain after the resurrection. But they are now glorified. They now find their true meaning and in some ways are taken into the divine. This will happen to all of us and our nation also. Whatever the physical suffering we endure in this life will find its ultimate meaning when we rise with Christ.

Btu Jesus also suffered greatly in his soul, and possibly this suffering was even greater than the physical. He was rejected by the leaders and teachers of the people, those very people that he had advised his followers to obey but not to imitate. He was betrayed by someone in his own inner circle, someone he trusted completely, even to the extent of entrusting him with the finances of the community. He was then abandoned by his closest friends who were not there for him when he needed them. Even the one to whom he had entrusted the leadership of his followers denied ever knowing him. Then he was mocked by soldiers and the crowd, making a fool of him. Ultimately he felt abandoned, not only by his disciples but even by his Father.

This “soul-suffering” also found its meaning and purpose in the resurrection. His own rejection became the means of his including all people everywhere in the infinite mercy of God. His own betrayal became the magnificent sign of his unconditional love for all us sinners. The mockery he experienced is fulfilled when his name is lifted higher than any other, and his sense of abandonment became the sacrament of his intimate union with his Father and with all creation.

As with the physical glorification we as individuals and as a nation can also look forward to a spiritual glorification. All our sufferings of soul, our loneliness, our hurts, our failures, our own sense of rejection and abandonment, even betrayal by those who we trusted and were close to us, can also find their meaning in the resurrection of Christ. We don’t even have to wait till our physical resurrection for this to happen. In Christ all suffering finds meaning. John’s gospel shows us how everything done to destroy Jesus actually brought about his glory. He was always in control. Everything that seems to be dragging us down is actually lifting us up if we bring it to Jesus on the cross.

This must be a source of great joy for us as individuals and as a nation. It is the true meaning of Easter. All will be well. We can continue to live in hope and allow our hope to transform our actions away from selfishness, corruption, violence of all kinds, and the exclusion of the people we don’t like. No suffering is too great for the healing hand of Christ to transform it into something beautiful, wonderful, and life-giving. If only we have the faith.

We have the choice to go with this tide of Christ’s victory and participate already in God’s plan for our fulfillment, or waste our time and energy in fighting against it. I can assure you that peace and blessings follow from the decision to give your life and sufferings to Christ and then live a life in harmony with his plan.

In this spirit I wish all the people of the Archdiocese and all the people of Papua New Guinea a truly happy and holy Easter. I pray that all our individual and social ills may be transformed by Christ in his Easter glory and become the source of a renewed journey of discipleship with him. Let us become better people forming a better nation.

Happy Easter!

See Evil of capital punishment: Bishops pronounce on death penalty,

Bishop Arnold Orowae | Catholic Bishops Conference. [See url below for the full statement]

On the Contribution of Sport

Pastoral Letter of the Catholic Bishops Conference Of PNG/SI

With the Pacific Games coming soon to Papua New Guinea, sport will be a topic of interest for many people. At this time your Bishops wish to offer a reflection on the value of sport and ways that we can all benefit. The Church recognises sport to be one of the great institutions of our society that helps individuals realise their human potential and builds up the bonds of the community, fostering comunal initiative and responsibility. Sport contributes to physical and mental health and wellbeing. It teaches people, particularly young people skills and resilience. When youth become involved in sport, they devote their energies to teaming together in a healthy environment, forgetting about antisocial activities such as violence and crime.

Sport brings people together in new ways. Parents and teachers volunteer their time to organise events. Women may be spectators in many public events, but with sport in the village, in games such as volleyball and basketball, they play equally along with males. Sporting contests often provide special facilities for disabled athletes – a consideration that could well be matched in other spheres of life.

Sport opens us up to the wider world. Many of us eagerly watch the “State of Origin” being played in Australia. Back home, how many of us feel proud when one of our athletes wins a medal in international events such as the Commonwealth Games. Athletes such as Dika Toua or Stephen Kari have become household symbols of our achievement in the eyes of the world.

When interactions offer fun, competition, skill and goal-setting, there is a fertile environment for personal development. Sport builds character. It teaches us discipline as we learn to play by the rules. When sports teams promote fairness, firmness and moral courage, there exists a wonderful space in which to help young people grow into adulthood: a form of initiation where the “elders” (coaches or teachers) set goals and boundaries in a safe, caring and no-nonsense setting. In such settings the benefits flow not just to the local community, but to the nation as a whole.

But there is also another side to sport that can bring sadness rather than delight. We should keep in mind that special events come and go but normal life goes on. It is important to keep a balance between the value of sport and sporting events and other goals of society. Some countries have been so keen to project a good image on the international stage that their people have been left suffering and paying bills for years afterwards. Let us make sure this does not happened to PNG.

Sometimes there is violence on the field or among spectators. On occasion there is gambling and betting and associated abuse of drugs and alcohol. We must guard against such antisocial activities that ruin the good name of sport. Also we are saddened to see some sports events scheduled on Sunday mornings, which are a time that most Christians devote to Sunday worship. We ask that sports managers try to keep the Lord’s Day holy, having in mind the words of St Paul to the Corinthians (1 Cor 9:25) “Every athlete concentrates completely on training in order to be crowned with a wreath that will not last; but we do it for one that will last forever.”

Bishop Arnold Orowae, President of the Catholic Bishops Conference PNG/SI, 23rd April 2015

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